Joan Callahan is Professor of Philosophy and Director of Women's Studies at the University of Kentucky, where she is also affiliated with the Social Theory Program. She received her Ph.D. from the University of Maryland in 1982 and teaches in the areas of social, political, and legal philosophy, practical ethics, moral theory, and feminism. She is the incoming editor (Fall 1998) of the American Philosophical Association's NEWSLETTER ON FEMINISM AND PHILOSOPHY, a breast cancer activist, as well as an activist in the struggle for equal rights for sexual and gender minorities.
Joan Callahan's work is primarily in the areas of social
and political philosophy, philosophy of law, and practical ethics, including
ethics and public policy, particularly in the areas of professional ethics,
ethics and women's health, and ethics and minorities. Her most recent work
has centered on illuminating the conservative nature of liberal ideology
and contributing to the development of a feminist social justice approach
to the construction of social policy. (See, e.g., the critical notice of
John Robertson's book, CHILDREN OF CHOICE and the paper coauthored with
Dorothy Roberts, "A Feminist Social Justice Approach to Reproduction-Assisting
Technologies: A Case Study in the Limits of Liberal Theory,".
REPRODUCTION, ETHICS, AND THE LAW: FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES. Contributing editor. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
MENOPAUSE: A MIDLIFE PASSAGE. Editor. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.
PREVENTING BIRTH: CONTEMPORARY METHODS AND RELATED MORAL CONTROVERSIES. With James W. Knight. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1989. (Outstanding Academic Book Award, Choice, 1991.)
ETHICAL ISSUES IN PROFESSIONAL LIFE. Contributing editor. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
"A Feminist Social Justice Approach to Reproduction-Assisting Technologies: A Case Study on the Limits of Liberal Theory," with Dorothy E. Roberts, KENTUCKY LAW JOURNAL 84/4 (1996): 1197-1234.
Introduction to the Symposium, "Feminism and Philosophy in the Mid-1990s: Taking Stock," METAPHILOSOPHY 27/1,2 (1996): 184-188.
"Contraception or Incarceration: What's Wrong With This Picture?" STANFORD LAW AND POLICY REVIEW 7/1 (1996): 67-82.
"Christian Science Healings: An Alternative Health Care System?" JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY XXVI/3 (Winter 1995): 105-111.
"Ensuring a Stillborn: The Ethics of Lethal Injection in Late Abortion," JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ETHICS 6/3 (1995): 254-63. (This is the lead article in a symposium on Theoretical Issues. It is followed by responses from John C. Fletcher and Bethany Spielman.)
"Evaluating Religious Practices: Ecclesioethics Engendered," PROFESSIONAL ETHICS 3:2 (1994): 37-56.
"Let's Get the Lead Out: or Why Johnson Controls is Not an Unequivocal Victory for Women," JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY XXV/3 (1994): 65-75.
"Prenatal Harm as Child Abuse?" With James W. Knight. WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE 3:1/2 (1992): 5-33. (This is a revised and updated adaptation of materials from Chapters 7 and 9 of Knight and Callahan, Preventing Birth.)
"Acts, Omissions, and Euthanasia." PUBLIC AFFAIRS QUARTERLY 2:2 (1988): 21-36.
"Muyskens on Moral Problems in Nursing." BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL ETHICS JOURNAL 5:1 (1987): 75-82.
"On Harming the Dead." ETHICS 97:2 (1987): 341-52. (Reviewed in THE WILSON QUARTERLY, Summer 1987: 29-30.)
"Paternalism and Voluntariness." CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHILOSOPHY 16:2 (1986): 199-219.
"The Fetus and Fundamental Rights." COMMONWEAL 11 April 1986: 203-09.
"Academic Paternalism." INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHILOSOPHY 3:1 (1986): 21-31.
"The Silent Scream: A New, Conclusive Argument Against Abortion?" PHILOSOPHY RESEARCH ARCHIVES XI (1986): 181-95.
"Enforcing Slavery Contracts: A Liberal View." PHILOSOPHICAL FORUM 16:3 (1985): 223-36.
"Response to Rebecca Dresser's 'Involuntary Confinement: Legal and Psychiatric Perspectives.'" JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY 10:2 (1985): 199-202.
"Liberty, Beneficence, and Involuntary Confinement." JOURNAL OF MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY 9:3 (1984): 261-93.
Publications, Encyclopedia Articles:
"Prenatal Harm." In ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES, edited by Annette Burfoot. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
"Contraception: Ethics." In ENCYCLOPEDIA OF REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES, edited by Annette Burfoot. New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.
"Birth Control Ethics," ENCYCLOPEDIA OF APPLIED ETHICS, edited by Ruth Chadwick. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 1998.
"'Applied' Ethics." In THE BLACKWELL ENCYCLOPEDIC DICTIONARY OF BUSINESS ETHICS, within THE BLACKWELL ENCYCLOPEDIA of Management, edited by R. Edward Freeman and Patricia H. Werhane. Cambridge, MA: Basil Blackwell, 1997.
Publications; Reviews, Review Essays, and Critical Notices:
"First Steps in Preventive Ethics," critical notice of Laurence B. McCullough and Frank A. Chervenak, ETHICS IN OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994). HASTINGS CENTER REPORT 26/2 (1996): 45-46.
Review: Mary Briody Mahowald, WOMEN AND CHILDREN IN HEALTH CARE: AN UNEQUAL MAJORITY (New York: Oxford University Press, 1993). ETHICS 105:4 (1995): 950-951.
"Procreative Liberty: Whose Procreation, Whose Liberty?" STANFORD LAW AND POLICY REVIEW 6:2 (1995): 121-125. Critical note on John Robertson's CHILDREN OF CHOICE: FREEDOM AND THE NEW REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES special issue on "Advances in Reproductive Technology: Legal, Social, Ethical, and Policy Implications."
"Feminism and Reproductive Technologies." JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ETHICS 5:1 (1994): 75-85.
"The Contract Motherhood Debate." JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ETHICS 4:1 (1993): 82-91.
Review: John Donnelly, ed., SUICIDE: RIGHT OR WRONG? (Buffalo: Prometheus, 1990). ETHICS 102:1 (1991): 198-99.
Review: Christine Overall, ETHICS AND HUMAN REPRODUCTION: A FEMINIST ANALYSIS (Boston: Allen and Unwin, 1987). CANADIAN PHILOSOPHICAL REVIEWS X:10 (October 1990): 421-23.
Review: Michelle Stanworth, ed., REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGIES: GENDER, MOTHERHOOD AND MEDICINE (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1987). AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER ON FEMINISM AND PHILOSOPHY 89:2 (1990): 60-61. Review: Ruth Macklin, MORTAL CHOICES: ETHICAL DILEMMAS IN MODERN MEDICINE (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988). THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY 64:3 (1989): 372-73.
Publications, Chapters in Books:
"Speech that Harms: The Case of Lesbian Families," in FEMINIST ETHICS AT THE TURN OF THE MILLENNIUM, ed. Claudia Card. University Press of Kansas, in press.
"Menopause: Taking the Cures or Curing the Takes?"in MOTHER TIME: WOMEN, AGING, AND ETHICS, ed. Margaret Urban Walker. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, in press.
"Liberalism, Communitarianism, and Feminism." With Patricia Smith. In LIBERALISM AND COMMUNITY, edited by Noel Reynolds, Cornelius Murphy, and Robert Moffat. New York University Press, forthcoming.
"Freestanding, Pervasive, and Combined Approaches to the Teaching of Criminal Justice Ethics," in TEACHING CRIMINAL JUSTICE ETHICS: STRATEGIC ISSUES, ed. John Kleinig and Margaret Leland Smith. Cincinnati: Anderson, 1997, pp. 89-104.
"Reproductive Punishment: Long-Acting Contraceptives as a Condition of Probation." In PUNISHMENT: SOCIAL CONTROL AND COERCION, ed. Christine Sistare. New York: Peter Lang, 1996, pp. 179-209. (A revised version of this article is published as "Contraception or Incarceration: What's Wrong with This Picture?" in the STANFORD LAW AND POLICY REVIEW, supra.)
"Professions, Institutions, and Moral Risk." In PROFESSIONAL ETHICS AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY, edited by Daniel E. Wueste. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1994, pp. 243-270.
"Nursing and AIDS: Some Special Problems." With Jill Powell. In AIDS: CRISIS IN PROFESSIONAL ETHICS, edited by Michael Davis and Elliot D. Cohen. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 1994, pp. 51-73.
"On Treating Prenatal Harm as Child Abuse," with James W. Knight in KINDRED MATTERS: RETHINKING THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE FAMILY, edited by Diana Meyers, Kenneth Kipnis, and Cornelius Murphy. New York: Cornell University Press, 1993, pp. 143-170. (This paper is an adaptation of the material in "Prenatal Harm as Child Abuse?" from WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, supra. This version of the material was prepared for a collection of essays in philosophy of law.)
"Women, Fetuses, Medicine, and the Law." With James W. Knight. In FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES IN MEDICAL ETHICS, edited by Helen Bequaert Holmes and Laura M. Purdy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992, pp. 224-239. (This is a somewhat shorter adaptation of the material in "Prenatal Harm as Child Abuse?" from WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE, supra, prepared for a collection of essays in feminist medical ethics.)
"Obligations Attending Gaining Information: A Moral Question for Health Survey Researchers." HEALTH SURVEY RESEARCH METHODS, edited by Floyd J. Fowler, Jr. Washington, DC: Department of Health and Human Services (#89-3447) 1989: 157-60.
"Roundtable: Evaluating the Teaching of Criminal Justice Ethics," with James Blashill, Charles Claxon, Michael Davis, James F. Doyle, William Heffernan, Mark Jones, Kate King, John Kleinig, Bruce MacMurray, Margaret Leland Smith, Zug B. Standing Bear, Cheryl Swanson, Elizabeth Welfel, and Kenneth Winston, in TEACHING CRIMINAL JUSTICE ETHICS: STRATEGIC ISSUES, ed. John Kleinig. Anderson, 1997, pp. 189-200.
Critical Response to Franklin Miller's review of Susan Sherwin's NO LONGER PATIENT: FEMINIST ETHICS AND HEALTH CARE, in the AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER ON MEDICINE AND PHILOSOPHY 95:2 (Spring 1996): 77-79.
"A Feminist Critique of Procreative Liberty," in materials for the "Women's Legal Studies Institute: Two Decades of Women's Legal Theory and Doctrine," Linda Hirshman, Chair, sponsored by the Chicago-Kent Law School, July 1994.
"From the "Applied" to the Practical: Teaching Ethics for Use." AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER ON TEACHING PHILOSOPHY 90:1 (Fall 1990): 29-34. (Invited paper on teaching practical ethics.)
"Promiscuity and the Public Health: Some Clinical and Ethical Issues." With W. David Hager, MD; Martha Bird, MD; Arthur L. Frank, MD; Miriam L. David, MD; and Joseph Engelberg. HOSPITAL PRACTICE 25:9 (1990): 63ff. (Transcript of Ethics Grand Rounds at the Chandler Medical Center.)
Publications, Work Reprinted:
"From the 'Applied' to the Practical: Teaching Ethics for Use," In IN THE SOCRATIC TRADITION: ESSAYS ON TEACHING PHILOSOPHY, ed. Tziporah Kasachkoff. Rowman and Littlefield, 1998. (This is an updated version of my 1990 article (supra) from the AMERICAN PHILOSOPHICAL ASSOCIATION NEWSLETTER ON TEACHING PHILOSOPHY.)
"Preventing Birth," with James W. Knight. Selections from PREVENTING BIRTH: CONTEMPORARY METHODS AND RELATED MORAL CONTROVERSIES. In GENDER, edited by Carol C. Gould, in the series, KEY CONCEPTS IN CRITICAL THEORY. Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humana Press, 1997.
"Ensuring a Stillborn: The Ethics of Lethal Injection in Late Abortion." Earlier version of the paper in the JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ETHICS, reprinted in REPRODUCTION, ETHICS, AND THE LAW: FEMINIST PERSPECTIVES, edited by Joan C. Callahan. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995.
"Academic Paternalism." In A PROFESSOR'S DUTIES: ETHICAL ISSUES IN COLLEGE TEACHING, edited by Peter J. Markie. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1994.
"The Fetus and Fundamental Rights." Revised version, in TAKING A STAND, edited by Irene Clark. New York: HarperCollins, 1994.
"The Fetus and Fundamental Rights." Revised version, in THE ETHICS OF ABORTION: THE CONTINUING DEBATE, 2nd ed., edited by Robert Baird and Stuart Rosenbaum. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 1994. (Also reprinted in the 1st ed., New York: Prometheus, 1989.)
"Prenatal Harm as Child Abuse?" With James W. Knight. In THE CRIMINALIZATION OF A WOMAN'S BODY, edited by Clarice Feinman. New York: Haworth Press, 1992.
"The Fetus and Fundamental Rights." Revised and expanded in ABORTION AND CATHOLICISM: THE AMERICAN DEBATE, edited by Thomas A. Shannon and Patricia B. Jung. New York: Crossroads, 1988.
"Academic Paternalism." In ETHICAL ISSUES IN PROFESSIONAL LIFE, edited by Joan C. Callahan. New York: Oxford University Press, 1988.
"Liberty, Beneficence, and Involuntary Confinement." In AN INTRODUCTION TO BIOETHICS, edited by Rem B. Edwards and Glenn C. Graber. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Jovanovich, 1987.
You can access Joan Callahan's internet webpage at the following address: http://www.uky.edu/~buddy/buddywelcome.html or click here.
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