Feminist Theory Website

Feminist Ethics


Individual Feminists:

Joan Callahan

Claudia Card

Fanny Cheung

Jean Bethke Elshtain

Eva Feder Kittay

Patricia Mohammed

Adrian Piper

Rosemarie Tong

Internet Links

[Note: Some of this information was contributed by Michelle Bishop.]

The WWW Ethics Center for Engineering and Science is an extensive web site for feminist practical and professional ethics. You can access this site here.

There is a website for Feminist Medical Ethics, here.

You can order copies of the Journal of Women and Aging, edited by J. Dianne Garner, from The Haworth Press, at this postal address: The Haworth Press, Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. Free samples copies of this journal are available to libraries and faculty with library recommendation.


      This page includes information on General Ethics,Abortion, Bioethics, Business Ethics, Care (Ethics of), Child Care, Crime / Law, Depression, Disability, Eating Disorders, Environmental Ethics, Forgiveness, HIV / AIDS, Lesbian Ethics, Marriage and Family, Medical Ethics, Menopause and Aging, Mothering, Pornography, Prostitution, Psychology and Ethics, Reproduction, Sex, Social Ethics and Violence, and Theological Ethics.

      You can read the "Introduction to Feminist Ethics," in The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, here.


      General Ethics

      Addelson, Kathryn Pyne. Impure Thoughts: Essays on Philosophy, Feminism, and Ethics. Temple Univ. Press, 1991.

      Andolsen, Barbara Hilkert, Christine E. Gudorf, Mary D. Pellauer, ed. Women's Consciousness, Women's Conscience: A Reader in Feminist Ethics. 1987.

      Ayim, Maryann Neely. The Moral Parameters of Good Talk: A Feminist Analysis. Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1998.

      Bar On, Bat-Ami and Ann Ferguson, ed. Daring to Be Good: Essays in Feminist Ethico-Politics. New York: Routledge, 1998.

      Benokraitis, Nijole V., ed. Subtle Sexism: Current Practices and Prospects for Change. Sage, 1997.

      Bushnell, Dana E., ed. "Nagging" Questions: Feminist Ethics in Everyday Life. Rowman and Littlefield, 1995.

      Callahan, Joan. Ethical Issues in Profession Life. Oxford University Press. (second edition in preparation).

      Card, Claudia, ed. Feminist Ethics. Univ. Press of Kansas, 1991.

      Code, Lorraine, Sheila Mullett and Christine Overall, ed. Feminist Perspectives: Philosophical Essays on Method and Morals. Univ. of Toronto Press, 1988.

      Cole, Eve Browning and Susan Coutrap-McQuin, ed. Explorations in Femininst Ethics: Theory and Practice. 1992.

      Conboy, Katie, Nadia Medina, and Sarah Stanbury, ed. Writing on the Body: Female Embodiment and Feminist Theory. Columbia Univ. Press, 1998.

      Feder, Ellen K. and Eva Feder Kittay, ed. The Family and Feminist Theory. Indiana University Press, 1998.

      Frazer, Elizabeth, Jennifer Hornsby, and Sabina Lovibond, ed. Ethics: A Feminist Reader. 1992.

      Gatens, Moira. Imaginary Bodies: Ethics, Power and Corporeality. Routledge, 1995.

      Geyer-Ryan, Helga. Fables of Desire: Studies in the Ethics of Art and Gender. Polity Press, 1994.

      Grosz, Elizabeth A. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994.

      Hammond, Guyton B. Conscience and Its Recovery: From the Frankfurt School to Feminism. Univ. Press of Virginia, 1993.

      Held, Virginia, ed. Justice and Care: Essential Readings in Feminist Ethics. Westview Press, 1995.

      Kittay, Eva Feder and Diana T. Meyers. Women and Moral Theory. 1987.

      Manning, Rita C. Speaking from the Heart: A Feminist Perspective on Ethics. Rowman and Littlefield, 1992.

      Oliver, Kelly, ed. Ethics, Politics, and Difference in Julia Kristeva's Writings. Routledge, 1993.

      Pearsall, Marilyn, ed. Women and Values: Readings in Recent Feminist Philosophy. Wadsworth, 1986.

      Tong, Rosemarie. Feminine and Feminist Ethics. Wadsworth, 1993.

      Walker, Margaret Urban. Moral Understandings: A Feminist Study in Ethics. Routledge, 1997.

      Welch, Sharon D. A Feminist Ethic of Risk. Fortress Press, 1990.


      Callahan, Joan and James W. Knight. Preventing Birth: Contemporary Methods and Related Moral Controversies. Univ. of Utah Press, 1989.

      Colker, Ruth. Abortion and Dialogue: Pro-Choice, Pro-Life, and American Law. Indiana Univ. Press, 1992.

      Githens, Marianne and Dorothy McBride Stetson, ed. Abortion Politics: Public Policy in Cross-Cultural Perspective. Routledge, 1996.

      McDonagh, Eileen. Breaking the Abortion Deadlock: FromChoice to Consent. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

      Shrage, Laurie. Moral Dilemmas of Feminism: Prostitution, Adultery, and Abortion. Routledge, 1994.

      Simonds, Wendy. Abortion at Work: Ideology and Practice in a Feminist Clinic. Rutgers Univ. Press, 1996.

      Solinger, Rickie, ed. Abortion Wars: A Half Century of Struggle, 1950-2000. University of California Press, 1998.

      For more on the legal aspects of abortion, click here.


      Donchin, Anne and Laura Purdy, ed. Feminist Perspectives on Bioethics. Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.

      Purdy, Laura. Reproducing Persons: Feminist Issues in Bioethics. Cornell Univ. Press, 1996.

      Shildrich, Margrit. Leaky Bodies and Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)ethics. 1997.

      Tong, Rosemarie. Feminist Approaches to Bioethics: Theoretical Reflections and Practical Applications. 1997.

      Wolf, Susan M., ed. Feminsm and Bioethics: Beyond Reproduction. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

      For more on feminism and medicine, click here.

      Business Ethics

      Deem, R. All Work and No Play? The Sociology of Women and Leisure. Taylor and Francis, 1986.

      Frederick, Candice and Camille Atkinson. Women, Ethics, and the Workplace. Praeger Pub., 1997.

      Henderson, Bialeschkl, Shaw, and Freysinger, ed. Both Gains and Gaps: Feminist Perspecitves on Women's Leisure. 1996.

      Kowaleski-Wallace, Elizabeth. Consuming Subjects: Women, Shopping, and Business in the Eighteenth-Century. Columbia Univ. Press, 1996.

      Larson, Andrea L. and R. Edward Freeman. Women's Studies and Business Ethics. Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

      Moore, Dorothy P. and E. Holly Buttner. Women Entrepreneurs: Moving Beyond the Glass Ceiling. Sage, 1997.

      Morritt, Hope. Women and Computer Based Technologies: A Feminist Perspective. Univ. Press of America, 1997.

      Statham, Anne. The Rise of Marginal Voices: Gender Balance in the Workplace. University Press of America, 1996.

      Wajcman, Judy. Managing Like a Man: Women and Men in Corporate Management. Penn State University Press, 1998.

      For more on the economic aspects of business ethics, click here.

      Care (Ethics of)

      Bowden, Peta. Caring: Gender-Sensitive Ethics. Routledge, 1996.

      Clement, Grace. Care, Autonomy, and Justice: Feminism and the Ethic of Care. 1996.

      Ellison, Julie. Delicate Subjects: Romanticism, Gender, and the Ethics of Understanding. Cornell Univ. Press, 1990.

      Robinson, Fiona. Globalising Care: Feminist Theory, Ethics and International Relations. Westview Press, 1998.

      Sevenhuijsen, Selma, ed. Citizenship and the Ethics of Care. Routledge, 1998

      Tronto, Joan. Moral Boundaries: A Political Argument for an Ethic of Care. Routledge, 1993.

      Child Care

      Silva, Elizabeth, ed. Good Enough Mothering? Feminist Perspectives on Lone Motherhood. Routledge, 1996.


      Bifulco, Antonia and Patricia Moran. Wednesday's Child: Research into Women's Experience of Neglect and Abuse in Childhood, and Adult Depression. NY: Routledge, 1998.

      Grigger, Camilla. "The Micropolitics of Biopsychiatry," in VITAL SIGNS: Feminist Reconfigurations of the Bio-logical Body. (Einburgh University Press, 1998).

      Nicolson, Paula. Post-Natal Depression. Routledge, 1998.

      For more on feminist psychology and psychoanalysis click here.


      Hillyer, Barbara. Feminism and Disability. Univ. of Oklahoma Press, 1993.

      Kittay, Eva Feder. Love's Labor: Essays on Women, Equality and Dependency. Routledge, 1998.

      Wendell, Susan. The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Disability. Routledge, 1996.

      Eating Disorders

      Chapkis, Wendy. Beauty Secrets; Women and the Politics of Appearance. South End Press, 1986.

      Chernin, Kim. The Obsession: Reflections on the Tyranny of Slenderness.Harper Perennial Library, 1994.

      Curtin, Deane W. and Lisa M. Heldke. Cooking, Eating, Thinking: Transformative Philosophies of Food. Indiana Univ. Press, 1992.

      Hesse-Biber, Sharlene. Am I Thin Enough Yet? The Cult of Thinness and the Commericalization of Identity. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

      MacSween, Morag. Anorexic Bodies: A Feminist and Sociological Perspective on Anorexia. Routledge, 1995.

      Malson, Helen. The Thin Woman: Feminism, Post-Structuralism and the Social Psychology of Anorexia Nervosa. NY: Routledge, 1997.

      Nasser, Mervat. Culture and Weight Consciousness. NY: Routledge, 1997.

      Schor, Naomi, Elizabeth Weed, and Ellen Rooney, ed. Eating and Disorder. (differences Vol. 10, no. 1) Indiana University Press.

      Thompson, Becky W. A Hunger So Wide and So Deep: A Multiracial View of Women's Eating Problems. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1996.

      Van den Broucke, Stephan, Walter Vandereycken, and Jan Norren. Eating Disorders and Marital Relationships. NY: Routledge, 1997.

      Williams, Gianna. Internal Landscapes and Foreign Bodies: Eating Disorders and Other Pathologies. NY: Routledge, 1998.

      For more on feminist body studies click here.


      Boss, Judith A., "Throwing Pearls to the Swine: Women, Forgiveness, and the Unrepentent Abuser," in Philosophical Perspectives on Power and Domination. Ed. Kaplan and Bove. (Rodopi, 1997).

      HIV / AIDS

      Lather, Patti and Chris Smithies. Troubling the Angels: Women Living with HIV/AIDS. Westview Press, 1997.

      Long, Lynellyn D. and E. Maxine Ankrah, ed. Women's Experiences with HIV / AIDS. 1997.

      Stevens, Sally J., Stephanie Tortu and Susan L. Coyle, ed. Women, Drug Use, and HIV Infection. Haworth Press, 1998.

      Lesbian Ethics

      Mohin, Lilian, ed. An Intimacy of Equals: Lesbian Feminist Ethics. Haworth Press, 1996.

      To learn more about lesbian issues in feminism, click here.

      Marriage and Family

      Dryden, Caroline, ed. Being Married, Doing Gender. Routledge, 1999.

      Feder, Ellen K. and Eva Feder Kittay, guest editors. Hypatia 11 (Winter 1996) -- special issue devoted to the family and feminist theory

      Lasch, Christopher. Women and the Common Life: Love, Marriage, and Feminism. W.W. Norton and Co., 1997.

      Nelson, Hilde Lindemann, ed. Feminism and Families. Routledge, 1996.

      Nelson, Hilde Lindemann and James Lindemann Nelson, ed. The Patient and the Family. 1995.

      Nicholson, Linda. Gender and History: The Limits of Social Theory in the Age of the Family. 1986.

      Okin, Susan Moller. Justice, Gender, and the Family. Basic Books, 1991.

      Oliver, Kelly. Family Values: Subjects Between Nature and Culture. Routledge, 1997.

      Medical Ethics

      Candib, Lucy. Medicine and the Family. Basic Books.

      Holmes, Helen B. and Laura M. Purdy, ed. Feminst Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Indiana Univ. Press, 1992.

      Holmes, Helen B., Betty B. Hoskins, and Michael Gross, ed. The Custom-Made Child? Women-Centered Perspectives. 1981.

      Lorber, Judith. Gender and the Social Construction of Illness. Sage, 1997.

      Roberts, Joan I. and Thetis M. Group. Feminism and Nursing: An Historical Perspective on Power, Status, and Political Activism in the Nursing Profession. Praeger Pub., 1995.

      Schmitt, Richard. Beyond Separateness. Westview Press, 1995.

      Sherwin, Susan. No Longer Patient: Feminist Ethics and Health Care. Temple Univ. Press, 1992.

      For more on feminism and medicine, click here.

      Menopause and Aging

      Callahan, Joan, ed. Menopause: A Midlife Passage. Indiana Univ. Press, 1993.

      Furman, C. Sue. Turning Point: The Myths and Realities of Menopause. Oxford Univ. Press, 1995.

      Pearsall, Marilyn, ed. The Other Within Us: Feminist Explorations of Women and Aging. Westview Press, 1997.


      Chodorow, Nancy. The Reproduction of Mothering: Psychoanalysis and the Sociology of Gender. University of California Press, 1978.

      Dixon, Penelope. Mothers and Mothering: An Annotated Feminist Bibliography. 1991.

      Holloway, Wendy and Brid Featherstone, ed. Mothering and Ambivalence. NY: Routledge, 1997.

      Reddy, Maureen T., Martha Roth, and Amy Sheldon, ed. Mother Journeys: Feminists Write About Mothering. Spinsters Ink, 1994.


      Bell, Shannon. Reading, Writing, and Rewriting the Prostitute Body. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994.

      Shrage, Laurie. Moral Dilemmas of Feminism: Prostitution, Adultery, and Abortion. Routledge, 1994.

      The January 1998 issue of the Black Swan Review deals with prostitution from a historical, feminist, and contemporary point of view. You can access it here.

      Psychology and Ethics

      Hekman, Susan J. Moral Voices, Moral Selves: Carol Gilligan and Feminist Moral Theory. Penn State Univ. Press, 1995.

      Myers, Diana Tietjens. Subjection and Subjectivity: Psychoanalytic Feminism and Moral Philosophy. 1994.

      For more on feminist psychology and psychoanalysis, click here.


      Callahan, Joan C., ed. Reproduction, Ethics, and the Law: Feminist Perspectives. Indiana Univ. Press, 1996.

      Cohen, Cynthia B., ed. New Ways of Making Babies: The Case of Egg Donation. Indiana Univ. Press, 1996.

      Colker, Ruth. Pregnant Men: Practice, Theory, and the Law. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994.

      Corea, C., R. Duelli Klein, J. Hanmer, H.B. Holmes, B. Hoskins, M. Kishwar, J. Raymond, R. Rowland, and R. Steinbacher. Man-Made Women: How New Reproductive Technologies Affect Women. 1987.

      Hynes, H. Patricia, ed. Reconstructing Babylon: Essays on Women and Technology. 1991.

      Lublin, Nancy. Pandora's Box: Feminism Confronts Reproductive Technology. Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.

      Overall, Christine. Ethics and Human Reproduction: A Feminist Analysis. 1987.

      Rowland, Robyn. Living Laboratories: Women and Reproductive Technologies. Indiana Univ. Press, 1992.

      Tong, Rosemarie and Larry Kaplan. Controlling Our Reproductive Destiny: A Technological and Philosohical Perspective. MIT Press, 1994.

      Umansky, Lauri. Motherhood Reconceived: Feminism and the Legacies of the Sixties. New York Univ. Press, 1996.

      Walker, Michelle Boulous. Philosophy and the Maternal Body: Reading Silence. Routledge, 1998.


      Lemoncheck, Linda J. Loose Women, Lecherous Men: A Feminist Philosophy of Sex. Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

      Roiphe, Katie. The Morning After: Sex, Fear, and Feminism on Campus. 1993.

      Seidman, Steven. Embattled Eros: Sexual Politics and Ethics in Contemporary America. 1992.

      For more on feminism and sexuality, click here.

      Social Ethics and Violence

      Bar On, Bat-Ami, ed. Women and Violence.Indiana University Press, 1998.

      Bartky, Sandra Lee. Feminity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression. 1991.

      Benhabib, Seyla. Situating the Self: Gender, Community, and Postmodernism in Contemporary Ethics. Routledge, 1992.

      Daniels, Cynthia R., ed. Feminists Negotiate the State: The Politics of Domestic Violence. University Press of America, 1997.

      DiQuinzio, Patrice and Iris Marion Young, ed. Feminist Ethics and Social Policy. Indiana University Press, 1997.

      Farley, Wendy. Eros for the Other: Retaining Truth in a Pluralistic World. Penn State Univ. Press, 1996.

      French, Stanley G., Wanda Teays, and Laura M. Purdy, ed. Violence Against Women: Philosophical Perspectives. Cornell University Press, 1996.

      Harrison, Beverly Wildung. Making Connections: Essays in Feminist Social Ethics. Beacon Press, 1985.

      Jagger, Alison M., ed. Living With Contradictions: Controversies in Feminist Social Ethics. Westview Press, 1994.

      Jakobsen, Janet R. Working Alliances and the Politics of Difference: Diversity and Feminist Ethics. Indiana Univ. Press, 1998.

      Kittay, Eva Feder and Diana Meyers, ed.Women and Moral Theory New Jersey: Rowman and Littlefield, 1987.

      Ronai, Carol Rambo, Barbara A. Zsembik and Joe R. Feagin, ed. Everyday Sexism in the Third Millennium. Routledge, 1997.

      Schor, Naomi and Elizabeth Weed, ed. On Violence. (differences Vol.8, no. 2) Indiana University Press.

      Schwartz, Martin D., ed. Researching Sexual Violence Against Women. Sage, 1997.

      Tong, Rosemarie. Ethics in Policy Analysis. Prentice-Hall, 1985.

      Tong, Rosemarie.Women, Sex and the Law. Rowman and Allenheld, 1987.

      Theological Ethics

      Daly, Lois. Feminist Theological Ethics: A Reader. Westminster John Knox Press, 1994.

      Parsons, Susan Frank. Feminism and Christian Ethics. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1996.

      For more on feminism and relgion, click here.

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