Feminist Theory Website

Feminism in France


Individual Feminists:

Simone deBeauvoir

Chantal Chawaf

Hélène Cixous

Luce Irigaray

Julia Kristeva

Bracha Lichtenberg-Ettinger

Nathalie Sarraute

Internet Links

Women's Organization's in France HERE


      This page contains information on feminism in France, including General Information, Aesthetics, History, Literature, Politics, Psychoanalysis, and Theology.


      General Information

      Allen, Jeffner and Iris Marion Young, ed. The Thinking Muse: Feminism and Modern French Philosophy. Indiana Univ. Press, 1989.

      Bluh, Bonnie Charles. Woman to Woman: European Feminists. 1974.

      Fraser, Nancy and Sandra Lee Bartky, ed. Revaluing French Feminism: Critical Essays on Difference, Agency, and Culture. Indiana Univ. Press, 1992.

      Grosz, Elizabeth. Sexual Subversions: Three French Feminists. Paul and Co. Pub., 1989.

      Kaplan, Gisela. Contemporary Western European Feminism. New York Univ., 1992.

      Leonard, Diana and Lisa Adkins. Sex in Question: French Materialist Feminism. Taylor and Francis, 1996.

      Marks, Elaine and Isabelle de Courtivron, ed. New French Feminisms: An Anthology. Schocken Books, 1981.

      Moi, Toril, ed. French Feminist Thought: A Reader. 1987.

      Scott, Joan Wallach. Only Paradoxes to Offer: French Feminists and the Rights of Man. Harvard Univ. Press, 1996.

      Walker, Michelle Boulous. Philosophy and the Maternal Body: Reading Silence. Routledge, 1998.


      Flitterman-Lewis, Sandy. To Desire Differently: Feminism and the French Cinema. Columbia Univ. Press, 1996.


      Duchen, Claire. Feminism in France: From May '68 to Mitterrand. New York: Routledge, 1986.

      Gordon, Felicia and Máire Cross. Early French Feminisms, 1830-1940: A Passion for Liberty. Edward Elgar Pub., 1996.

      Greenwald, Lisa. The Women's Liberation Movement in France and the Origins of Contemporary French Feminism, 1944-1981. 1996.

      Hardwick, Julie. The Practice of Patriarchy: Gender and the Politics of Household Authority in Early Modern France. Penn State University Press, 1998.

      Hause, Steven C. and Ann R. Kenney. Women's Suffrage and Social Politics in the French Third Republic. (out of print)

      Moses, Claire Goldberg. French Feminism in the Nineteenth Century. 1984.

      Smith, Paul. Feminism and the Third Republic: Women's Political and Civil Rights in France, 1918-1945. Clarendon Press, 1996.

      Waelti-Walters, Jennifer and Steven C. Hause. ed. Feminists of the Belle Epoque: A Historical and Literary Anthology. 1994.


      Atack, Margaret and Phil Powrie, ed. Contemporary French Fiction by Women: Feminist Perspectives. (out of print)

      Bartkowski, Francis. Feminist Utopias. 1989.

      Evans, Martha Noel. Masks of Tradition: Women and the Politics of Writing in Twentieth-Century France. Cornell Univ. Press, 1987.

      Forsas-Scott, Helena, ed. Textual Liberation: European Feminist Writing in the Twentieth-Century. Routledge, 1991.

      Gelfand, Elissa D. and Virginia Thorndike Hules. French Feminst Criticism: Women, Language, and Literature: An Annotated Bibliography. (out of print)

      Gorrara, Claire. Women's Representations of the Occupation in Post-'68 France. St. Martins Press, 1998.

      Maclean, Ian. Woman Triumphant: Feminism in French Literature, 1610-1652. Oxford Univ. Press, 1977.

      Segal, Naomi. The Unintended Reader: Feminism and Manon Lescaut. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1986.

      Sellers, Susan. Language and Sexual Difference: Feminist Writing in France. St. Martins Press, 1991.

      Stanton, Domna C., ed. The Defiant Muse: French Feminist Poems from the Middle Ages to the Present: A Bilingual Anthology. Feminist Press, 1986.

      Weitz, Margaret Collins. Femmes: Recent Writings on French Women. G.K. Hall, 1985.

      Yates, Susan. Maid and Mistress: Feminine Solidarity and Class Difference in Five Nineteenth-Century French Texts. 1991.


      Duchen, Claire, ed. French Connections: Voices from the Women's Movement in France. 1987.

      Lovenduski, Joni. Women and European Politics: Contemporary Feminism and Public Policy. Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1986.

      Moses, Claire Goldberg and Leslie Wahl Rabine. Feminism, Socialism, and French Romanticism. Indiana Univ. Press, 1993.


      Baruch, Elaine Hoffman and Lucienne Juliette Serrano. She Speaks / He Listens: Women on the French Analyst's Couch. Routledge, 1996.

      Grosz, Elizabeth. Sexual Subversions. Three French Feminists. Allen and Unwin, Sydney ; Unwin and Hyman, London and Boston, 1989.


      Anderson, Pamela Sue. A Feminist Philosophy of Religion. Blackwell Pub., 1998.

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