Feminist Theory Website

Feminism and Politics


Individual Feminists:

Seyla Benhabib

Jyotsna Chatterji

Jean Bethke Elshtain

Nancy Fraser

Luce Irigaray

Alison Jaggar

Kumari Jayawardena

Djurdja Knezevic

Margarete Maurer

Patricia Mohammed

Carole Pateman

Gayatri Spivak

Kathleen Staudt

Internet Links

The Institute for Women's Policy Research, which addresses issues of race, ethnicity and class, can be reached here.

The Feminist Majority Foundation Online, which supports action for the goals of political, economic, and social equality for women, can be reached here.

The National Organization of Women (NOW) can be reached here.

You can reach the "Women and Politics" journal here.

To read statistics on women in goverments worldwide, please go to the "Women in National Parliaments" website, here.

The Nobel Prize Internet Archive has a complete list of women Nobel Prize Laureates in the area of Peace here.

You can reach the Women and International Development website at Michigan State University here.

You can also
select one of
these types of
political feminism:






Marxist /






      This page includes information on various types of political feminisms, which you can click on in the right-hand margin to go to their pages. There is also bibliographical resources for these areas: Gender Issues, Political Theory, Politics and Political Strategies, Race Issues, and Postcolonialism.


      Gender Issues

      Awkward, Michael. Negotiating Difference: Race, Gender, and the Politics of Positionality. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1995.

      Carver, Terrell and Veronique Mottier, ed. Politics of Sexuality. NY: Routledge, 1998.

      Chapman, Jenny. Politics, Feminism and the Reformation of Gender. Routledge, 1993.

      Gunew, Sneja and Anna Yeatman, ed. Feminism and the Politics of Difference. (out of print)

      Jones, Kathleen B. and Anna G. Jónasdóttir, ed. The Political Interests of Gender: Developing Theory and Research with a Feminist Face. Sage, 1988.

      Marshall, Barbara L. Engendering Modernity: Feminism, Social Theory, and Social Change. Northeastern Univ. Press, 1994.

      Meehan, Elizabeth and Selma Sevenhuijsen, ed. Equality Politics and Gender. Sage, 1991.

      Simon, Sherry. Gender in Translation: Cultural Identity and the Politics of Transmission. Routledge, 1996.

      Political Theory

        [Note: Some of these titles were contributed by Stesha Day.]

      Brown, L. Susan. The Politics of Individualism: Liberalism, Liberal Feminism and Anarchism. Black Rose Books Ltd., 1993.

      Bryson, Valerie. Feminist Political Theory: An Introduction. 1992.

      Butler, Judith and Joan W. Scott, ed. Feminists Theorize the Political. Routledge, 1992.

      Cocks, Joan. The Oppositional Imagination: Feminism, Critique, and PoliticalTheory. (out of print)

      Elshtain, Jean Bethke. Meditations on Modern Political Thought: Masculine/Feminine Themes from Luther to Arendt. Penn State Univ. Press, 1992.

      English, Jane, ed. Sex Equality.(out of print)

      Evans, Judith. Feminism and Political Theory. (out of print)

      Fraser, Nancy. Justice Interruptus: Critical Reflections on the "Postsocialist" Condition. Routledge, 1997.

      Hirschmann, Nancy J. and Christine DiStefano, ed. Revisioning the Political: Feminist Reconstructions of Traditional Concepts in Western Political Theory. Westview Press.

      Hughes-Freeland, Felicia and Nickie Charles, ed. Practising Feminism: Identity, Difference and Power. Routledge, 1996.

      Jaggar, Alison and Paula Rothenberg, ed. Feminist Frameworks: Alternative Theoretical Accounts of the Relations between Women and Men, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1/e 1978; 2/e 1984; 3/e 1993.

      Jaggar, Alison, ed. Feminist Politics and Human Nature. Rowman and Littlefield, 1983.

      Jaggar, Alison, James P. Sterba, Milton Fisk, William A. Galston, Carol C. Gould, Tibor Machan and Robert Solomon. Morality and Social Justice: Point Counterpoint, Lanham, MD and London, UK: Rowman and Littlefield, 1995.

      Jensen, Pamela Grande, ed. Finding a New Feminism: Rethinking the Woman Question for Liberal Democracy. Rowman and Littlefield, 1996.

      Kenney, Sally J. and Helen Kinsella, ed. Politics and Feminist Standpoint Theories. Haworth Press, 1997.

      McDonald, Lynn, ed. Women Theorists on Society and Politics. Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 1998.

      Meyers, Diana Tietjens, ed. Feminist Social Thought: A Reader. Routledge, 1997.

      Monk, Janice and Maria Dolors, ed. Women of the European Union. Routledge, 1996.

      Okin, Susan Moller. Women in Western Political Thought. Princeton Univ. Press, 1992.

      Newton, Judith. Starting Over: Feminism and the Politics of Cultural Critique. Univ. of Michigan Press, 1994.

      Pateman, Carole. The Disorder of Women: Democracy, Feminism and Political Theory. Stanford Univ. Press, 1989.

      Pateman, Carole. Participation and Democratic Theory. Cambridge Univ. Press, 1970.

      Pateman, Carole. The Problem of Political Obligation: A Critical Analysis of Liberal Theory. John Wiley and Son, 1979.

      Pateman, Carole. The Sexual Contract. Polity Press, 1988.

      Pateman, Carole and Elizabeth Gross, ed. Feminist Challenges: Social and Political Theory. Northeastern Univ. Press, 1987.

      Pateman, Carole and M. Shanley, ed. Feminist Interpretations and Political Theory. Polity Press, 1991.

      Phillips, Anne, ed. Feminism and Equality. New York Univ. Press, 1987.

      Patton, Paul, ed. Nietzsche, Feminism, and Political Theory. Routledge, 1993.

      Sapiro, Virginia. A Vindication of Political Virtue: The Political Theory of Mary Wollstonecraft. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1992.

      Scott, Joan W., Cora Kaplan, and Debra Keates, ed. Transitions Environments Translations: Feminisms in International Politics. NY: Routledge, 1997.

      Shanley, Mary Lundon and Carole Pateman, ed. Feminist Interpretations of Political Theory. Penn State Univ. Press, 1991.

      Singer, Linda, ed. Erotic Welfare: Sexual Theory and Politics in the Age of Epidemic. (Edited posthumously by Judith Butler and M. MacGrogan) Routledge, 1993.

      Sunstein, Cass R., ed. Feminism and Political Theory. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1990.

      Weiss, Penny A. Conversations with Feminism: Political Theory and Practice. Rowman and Littlefield, 1998.

      Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference. Princeton, 1998.

      Politics and Political Strategies

      Andrews, Peggy. Sisters Listening to Sisters: Women of the World Share Stories of Personal Empowerment. Bergin and Garvey, 1996.

      Basu, Amrita, ed. The Challenge of Local Feminisms: Women's Movements in Global Perspective. Westview Press, 1995.

      Chapman, Jennifer. Politics, Feminism and the Reformation of Gender. Routledge, 1992.

      Dahlerup, Drude, ed. The New Women's Movement: Feminism and Political Power in Europe and the USA. (out of print)

      Daniels, Cynthia R., ed. Feminists Negotiate the State: The Politics of Domestic Violence. University Press of America, 1997.

      Elman, R. Amy, ed. Sexual Politics and the European Union: The New Feminist Challenge. Berghahn Books, 1996.

      Fauré, Christine. Democracy Without Women: Feminism and the Rise of Liberal Individualism in France. Trans. Claudia Gorbman and John Berks. (out of print)

      Fowlkes, Diane L. White Political Women: Paths from Privilege to Empowerment. Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1992.

      Gottfried, Heidi, ed. Feminism and Social Change: Bridging Theory and Practice. Univ. of Illinois Press, 1996.

      Hawkesworth, M.E. Beyond Oppression: Feminist Theory and Political Strategy. (out of print)

      Jagger, Alison M. Feminist Politics and Human Nature. Rowman and Littlefield, 1983.

      Jenefsky, Cindy and Ann Russo. Without Apology: Andrea Dworkin's Art and Politics. Westview Press, 1997.

      Jensen, Pamela Grande, ed. Finding a New Feminism: Rethinking the Woman Question for Liberal Democracy. Rowman and LIttlefield, 1996.

      Jones, Kathleen B., ed. Citizenship in Feminism: Identity, Action, and Locale. Indiana University Press, 1998.

      Kaplan, Temma. Crazy for Democracy: Women in Grassroots Movements. Routledge, 1997.

      King, Katie. Theory in Its Feminist Travels: Conversations in U.S. Women's Movements. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994.

      Marshall, Catherine, ed. Feminist Critical Policy Analysis. Falmer Press, 1997.

      Matthews, Donald G. and Jane S. DeHart. Sex, Gender, and the Politics of ERA: A State and the Nation. 1990.

      Moghadam, Valentine M., ed. Identity Politics and Women: Cutlural Reassertions and Feminisms in International Perspective. 1993.

      Naples, Nancy A., ed. Community Activism and Feminist Politics: Organizing Across Race, Class, and Gender. Routledge, 1997

      Naples, Nancy A. Grassroots Warriors: Activist Mothering, Community Work, and the War on Poverty. Routledge, 1998

      Norris, Pippa, ed. Women, Media, and Politics. Oxford, 1998.

      Pascall, Gillian. Social Policy: A New Feminist Analysis. 1997.

      Pettman, Jan Jindy. Worlding Women: A Feminist International Politics. Routledge, 1996.

      Phillips, Anne. Democracy and Difference. Penn State Univ. Press, 1993.

      Phillips, Anne. Engendering Democracy. Penn State Univ. Press, 1991.

      Phillips, Anne. Feminism and Politics. Oxford, 1998.

      Randall, Vicky and Georgina Waylen, ed. Gender, Politics and the State. NY: Routledge, 1998.

      Rocheleau, Dianne, Barbara Thomas-Slayter, and Esther Wangari, ed. Femininst Political Ecology: Global Issues and Local Experiences. 1996.

      Scott, Joan, Cora Kaplan, and Debra Keates, ed. Transitions, Environments, Transitions: Feminisms in International Politics. Routledge, 1997.

      Staudt, Kathleen. Free Trade? Informal Economies at the U.S.-Mexico Border. Temple University Press, 1998.

      Staudt, Kathleen. Managing Development: State, Society, and International Contexts. Sage, 1991. (Fourth printing, 1996).

      Staudt, Kathleen. Policies, Politics and Gender: Women Gaining Ground. Kumarian Press, 1998.

      Staudt, Kathleen. Political Science and Feminisms: Integration or Transformation? (co-authored with William Weaver). Twayne/MacMillan, 1997.

      Thomas, Sue. How Women Legislate. Oxford, 1994.

      Thomas, Sue and Clyde Wilcox, ed. Women and Elective Office. Oxford, 1997.

      Tobias, Sheila. Faces of Feminism: An Activist's Reflections on the Women's Movement. 1997.

      Waring, Wendy, ed. By, For and About: Feminist Cultural Politics. Women's Press, 1994.

      Warren, Karen J. and Duane L. Cady, ed. Bringing Peace Home: Feminism, Violence, and Nature. Indiana Univ. Press, 1996.

      West, Lois A., ed. Feminist Nationalism. Routledge, 1997.

      Whitworth, Sandra. Feminism and International Relations: Towards a Political Economy of Gender in Multilateral Institutions. St. Martins Press, 1994.

      Wolf, Naomi. Fire with Fire: The New Female Power and How It Will Change the 21st Century. Fawcett Books, 1993.

      Young, Iris Marion. Intersecting Voices: Dilemmas of Gender, Political Philosophy, and Policy. Princeton, 1998.

      Young, Stacey. Changing the wor(l)d: Discourse, Politics, and the Feminist Movement. Routledge, 1997.

      Race Issues

      Awkward, Michael. Negotiating Difference: Race, Gender, and the Politics of Positionality. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1995.

      Bannerji, Himani, ed. Returning the Gaze: Essays on Racism, Feminism, and Politics. Sister Vision Press, 1993.

      Bannerji, Himani. Thinking Through: Essays on Feminism, Marxism, and Anti-Racism. Women's Press, 1995.

      Zack, Naomi, ed. American Mixed Race: The Culture of Microdiversity. Rowman and Littlefield, 1995

      Zack, Naomi, Crispin Sartwell and Laurie Shrage, ed. Race, Class, Gender and Sexuality: The Big Questions. Blackwell Pub., 1998.

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