code: "The 'deciphering' and 'reading' of animals' tracks is metaphorical. But it is worth trying to understand it literally, as a verbal distillation of a historical process leading, though across a very long time-span, toward the invention of writing. The same connection is suggested in a Chinese tradition explaining the origins of writing, according to which it was invented by a high official who had remarked the footprints of a bird in a shady riverbank." C. Ginsburg, "Clues, Morelli, Freud, and Sherlock Holmes." In, V. Eco and T.A. Sebeok, eds., The Sign of Three. Bloomington, IN., 1983.

like a centrifuge: V. Kaufmann, "Valéry's Garbage Can." Yale French Studies #89 (1996). "working down through the characters - beginning elsewhere translated as origin or Origin, goings still confusing to me. The Exile – Paul Chamberland or Gaston Miron or Virillio on endocolonization – is centrifugal - I think instead of centripetal, a continuous turning inward towards the dissipating source." A. Sondheim.

the earliest evidence: T. Molleson, "The Archaeology and Anthropology of Death: What the Bones Tell Us." In, S.C. Humphreys and H. King, eds., Mortality and Immortality: The Anthropology and Archaeology of Death. London, 1981. p.16. “Two miles east of Oakley, Contra Costa Co., CA., at a depth of 37 inches, a bear's skeleton lay on its right side, legs flexed, skull to northeast, tail southwest. Placed directly about the skull and neck were five whole abalone shells, all lying convex side uppermost except the smallest one which lay beneath one of the larger shells. Rectangular shell beads of Olivella biplicata, shingled in pairs, and numbering about 100, lay in five strips at two-inch intervals on the thorax and abdomen, parallel to the ribs. These appeared to have been attached to the exterior surface of a fabric, rather than strung as beads. There were no other associations with this interment, either with artifacts or human burials." R.F. Heizer and G.W. Hewes, "Animal Ceremonialism in Central California in the Light of Archaeology." American Anthropologist. Vol 42, No.4. Part 1. Oct-Dec 1940. pp. 588-89.

the book: "I know of an uncouth region whose librarians repudiate the vain and superstitious custom of finding a meaning in books and equate it with that of finding a meaning in dreams or in the chaotic lines of one's palm." J. L. Borges, "The Library of Babel." In, Labyrinths. New York, 1964.

surrogate bone: "The next day a final feast is held to see the bear off. Before the assembled community, the bear is asked not to be offended and to send other bears. The cedar bear-surrogate is carried around the fire in the direction of the sun s movement, then the chest with its sacred remains is also walked seven times around the fire. The bark drawing is taken into the forest and suspended from a notch cut into a young cedar tree, or the bear's skull is placed on the end of a broken branch in a tree or on the end of a pole stuck in the ground. The bear's bones are carefully collected, bound together with bark...and buried by the host in a hollow tree or in the ground. When the picture hung on the tree dries and falls to the ground, the bear begins a new life." P. Shepard and B. Sanders, The Sacred Paw. New York, 1985. pp. 78-9. (Festival of the Slain Bear, observed in 1958 among the Ket, a tribe of Siberian Ostyaks, by E.A. Alekseenko, a Soviet ethnologist.)