a church: The Anglican church evolved from Roman Catholicism, but with Celtic influence. The conflict with Rome began in 1215, when King John signed The Magna Carta, whose first point is a declaration that the English church is independent of its government. In 1517, Martin Luther's nailed his famous 95 Theses to the door of the church in Wittenburg, Germany, the news of which reached England where, 20 years later, the Anglican branch of the Church formally challenged the authority of Rome. Henry VIII dissolved England's monasteries and abbeys in 1536, in part over his anger at the Pope's refusal to grant his divorce. The new church was given a formal structure during the reign of Elizabeth I, not a governing organization, but a shared tradition and belief.

startled: "To grasp Pan as nature we must first be grasped by nature, both 'out there' in an empty countryside which speaks in sounds not words, and 'in here' in a startle reaction." J. Hillman, "An Essay on Pan." In, Pan and the Nightmare. New York, 1972 p.xxi.

I couldn't help: W.H. Calvin, The Ascent of Mind. New York, 1991. "(Slavoj) Zizek recommends we treat such phenomena “as a kind of fantasy screen where [a] multiplicity of meanings can appear and fight for hegemony.” “[T]he error of direct content analysis,” he says, “is to proceed too quickly and to presuppose as self evident the fantasy surface itself, the empty form/frame which offers space for the appearance of [such] monstrous content: the crucial question is not “what does the Phantom signify?” but ‘How is the very space constituted where entities like the Phantom can emerge?’” D. Socha, Invent-L. March 13, 2003.