unleashed: "Iron on a leash signals times of quiet productivity and artful calm for the village. Unleashed it means bloodshed, destruction, cruel and indiscriminate change. Iron itself is blind but full of potential like the ore-god hidden in the shaft. The gut deep ambivalence in the god's nature is informed by this capacity of iron to explode into flying hot particles like a weapon in inexperienced hands. Or it can be directed---worked or channeled by the wise handler into new forms that provide stability that protects the patterns of everyday life in the human community." N. Hall, Irons in the Fire. Barrytown, NY., 2002. p.21.

shoes: "The inside of the mosque is considered sacred ground, not to be soiled with the dirt of the street. When entering a mosque, you must either remove your footwear or cover your shoes with the cloth slippers which may be provided." "A Word About Mosques." http://kupola.com/khanspace/mons/mosques.htm.

heavenly pole: "Preceding all empirical data, the archetype-Images are the organs of meditation, of the active Imagination; they effect the transmutation of these data by giving them their meaning, and precisely in so doing make known the manner of being of a specific human presence and the fundamental orientation inherent in it. Taking its bearings by the heavenly pole as the threshold of the world beyond means that this presence then allows a world other than that of geographical, physical, astronomical space to open before it." H. Corbin, The Man of Light in Iranian Sufism. Boulder, CO., 1978. p.5.

"The question may well be asked why this mark of the centre is sometimes expressed as a tree and sometimes as a pole. It is true that sometimes the difference is negligible: the Saxon irminsul, for instance, as described by Rudolf of Fulda, was truncus ligni, 'a wooden trunk' that might be understood as a dead tree. The custom of making a pole by arranging a dug-up tree with its arbor inversa 'roots upwards' is possibly another testimony of the close connection between tree and pole. Nevertheless, there seems to have been a general tendency towards the erection of poles in the far north and to using trees (often planted trees) in the south of the Eurasian continent."  Å. Hultkrantz, "A New Look at the World Pillar in Arctic and SubArctic religions." In, J. Pentikäinen, Editor, Shamanism and Northern Ecology. Berlin, Germany, 1996. p.36.

the earliest case: D.G. White, Myths of the Dog-Man. Chicago, Il., 1991. pp.130-31. The Dog Jung are said to be descended from a dog with two heads. Thus, a unity of apolarity, a conjunction of opposites, I and Other.

the edge: "Edges are important because they define a limitation in order to deliver us from it. When we come to an edge we come to a frontier that tells us that we are now about to become more than we have been before." W.I. Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light. New York, 1981. p.8.

Yisgadal: Kaddish means a sanctification of God's name. The first mention of the Kaddish is in a thirteenth century  writing called the Or Zarua. The prayer at the end of the service became Kaddish Yatom, literally, "Orphan's Kaddish." Although Kaddish contains no reference to death, it has become the prayer of mourning, recited for eleven months from the day of the death, and also on the anniversary of the death. It shows acceptance of divine judgment, when a person may easily reject God. In addition, by sanctifying God's name in public, the merit of the deceased person is increased.