tunnels of pain: "The 'Portland (Oregon) Underground' tunnels, more popularly known as the 'Shanghai Tunnels', were basements of buildings that connected to other buildings through brick and stone archways that were intersected with tunnels that connected under the streets, linking block to block. These 'catacombs' or 'tombs', as they were sometimes called, created a unique network of passages and thoroughfares that were used by unscrupulous individuals called 'shanghaiiers' or 'crimps', in addition to 'white slavers' who grabbed women and sold them into prostitution." http://www.members.tripod.com/cgs-mthood/shanghai_tunnels_FAQ.htm.

"The stone mound has grown over the years from a cairn originally intended to mark the cabin site. On the sign is a quote from Walden: 'I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately, to confront only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.'  The stone posts in the back mark the actual site discovered in 1945. " J. Weishaus, Reality Dreams.

"Is the myth still here? Or has it been retorted into a quiddity of ink? I walked around the pond munching on a dry tuna sandwich, aimlessly kicking a few leaves, beneath which I dowsed this water as a tributary of a vast chthonic network that riddles the earth, charted by what he calls 'abnormal water' by reference to what he considers to be universal features of human religion: the veneration of water, the tendency of the human mind to dichotomize, and the association of caves with the human womb, with birth or maturity, with the underworld, and ultimately, with shamans in whose visions we must believe." Ibid.

chthonic ground: "This is the 'great lady' who sends the black-winged dreams and is appropriately the mother of Themis ('Justice'). This spiritual side of her can be distinguished, on the other hand, from the physical Ge to whom grains and fruits were given (Ge-Demeter)....In other words, even the earth and nature have their psychic function as well as their terrestrial ones, and one may serve the earth and be on the ground in more ways than one, i.e., through psychic activities, and not only through natural ones." J. Hillman, The Dream and the Underworld. New York, 1979. p.37.

Rabbi Bunman: E. Wiesel, "Inside a Library." In, From the Kingdom of Memory. New York, 1992. "Interpretation implies the bursting open of literary space: the text is no longer to be considered in its linearity, but its spatiality, its volume. Or perhaps we should say that the bursting open of the text is what will allow the passage from the line-text to the volume-text." M-A Ouaknin, The Burnt Book: Reading the Talmud. Princeton, NJ., 1996. p.61.

thousands of salmon: B. Peterson, Singing to the Sound. Troutdale, OR., 2000. "After fishing for chinook in the Columbia River, Rudyard Kipling wrote, 'I have lived! The American continent may now sink under the sea, for I have taken the best it yields and the best was neither dollars nor love nor real estate.'" T. Egan, The Good Rain. New York, 1991. p.194.