very late at night: Shinkei. He is referring to the poet Fujiwara no Shunzei (1114-1204). In E. Miner, An Introduction to Japanese Court Poetry. Stanford: Stanford Universty Press, 1968.

Mountains' walking: E. Dōgen, "Mountains and Waters Sutra. In, Moon in a Dewdrop. San Francisco: North Point Press, 1985.

the function of rock: G. Bachelard, ibid, extrapolating from art critic John Ruskin (1819-1900): "If they are big enough to look as if they would break your head if they fell on it, it is all an Englishman asks, or can understand." (Praeterita. II, 1866.)

A woman is speaking: L-Y Lee. From, "In the Beginning." In, Book of My Nights. Rochester, NY: BOA Editions, Ltd., 2001.


According to A.L. Kroeber: Handbook of the Indians of California. Berkeley: California Book Co., 1953.

even to me personally: P. Shepard, Nature and Madness. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

the work of the mystery: J. Hillman, The Dream of the Underworld. New York: Harper & Row, 1974.

in the most tangible form: V. Deloria, Jr., C.G. Jung and the Sioux Traditions. New Orleans: Spring Journal Books, 2009.

a whole mythology: L. Wittgenstein, Remarks on Frazer's 'Golden Bough.' Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press,1979.


function as a tool: T. Lamarre, "Diagram, Inscription, Sensation." In, B. Massumi, Editor, A Shock To Thought. London: Routledge, 2002.

the unknown universe: “Without denying the validity of travel for specific ends, travel for travel’s sake was another matter. He saw it more and more as a substitute for a far more difficult and urgent journey that modern man was called upon to undertake into the unknown universe of himself.” L. van der Post, Jung and the Story of Our Time. New York: Vintage Books.

he said there were places: E. Pattison, Bone Mountain. New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 2002.


uncertain whether: J. Sallis, Stone. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.

Claims of Aboriginal uniqueness: R. McGhee, “Aboriginalism and the Problems of Indigenous Archaeology.” American Antiquity, 73 (4) 2008.

like a torch: I must have gotten at least part of the image from William Witherup's poem, "Above Taugher's Cabin":

I sense a holiness here, a quickening.
Then I see other blooms
flare up across the canyon,
like torches held high by unknown runners.

In, Black Ash, Orange Fire: Collected Poems 1959-1985. Point Reyes Station, CA: Floating Island Publications, 1986.

It reminded me: From, "Don't Grow Old." Part 3. In, Mind Breaths. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1978.


You know: Quoted by Dore Ashton. In, A Fable of Modern Art. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1980.

a bowl of 4,000-year-old noodles: Harper’s Magazine, December 2005.

Said agrees that Beethoven's: " S. Gourgouris, “The Late Style of Edward Said.” Alif 25 (2005)