aesthetic attitude: "In our minds, we tend to think of art and science as opposites. We think that art belong to the 'inner' world of imagination, which is not part of the rationalized, conceptual and objectified world of science, and yet the aesthetic attitude has framed our notion of art in a manner that parallels totally the scientific attitude." S. Gablik, "Breaking Out of the White Cube." In, Conversations Before the End of Time." London: Thames and Hudson, 1995.

with rays rising: Mesopotamia (Iraq) Ref. 2Be.036. www.aras.org

contemplates the world: "(Andy Warhol) was the culture; the culture was him. Symbiosis is a form of love. At the same time being an outsider—super smart, deeply fearful, very gay—he stood at a remove from the culture, far enough to see its harsh, even poisonous underside." H. Cotter, "Pop Rides the News Cycle." New York Times, 20 Oct 2011..

confronts us with the fact: B. A, TePaske, "Eliade, Jung, and Shamanism." In, D.F. Sandner and S.H. Wong, Editors, The Sacred Heritage. New York: Routledge, 1997.

able to contact: M. Biesele, Women Like Meat: The Folklore of Foraging Ideology of the Kalahari Ju'/hoan. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 1993.

some neuroscientists: "'The brain is set up in such a way as to have spiritual experiences and religious experiences,' said Andrew Newberg, a Philadelphia scientist who wrote the book Why God Won't Go Away. 'Unless there is a fundamental change in the brain, religion and spirituality will be here for a very long time. The brain is predisposed to having those experiences and that is why so many people believe in God.'" H. Vedantam, "Researchers Examine Relationship Between Brain and Religion." Washington Post, 17 June 01.

the darkness / beneath the mind: P. O'Leary. From, "Prognosis : Foreknowledge." In, Luminous Epinoia. Brooklyn, NY: The Cultural Society, 2010.

threads of light: "The fact that different shamans speak of either holding or walking the 'threads of light" does not imply confusion or contradiction. There is a measure of idiosyncrasy in the ways in which individual San shamans interpret the visual products of their nervous systems." D. Lewis-Williams and S. Challis, Deciphering Ancient Minds: The Mystery of San Bushman Rock Art. London: Thames & Hudson, 2011.


reservoirs of potency: Lewis-Williams and Challis, op.cit.

ochres varied in shade: D. A. Scott and W. D. Hyder, "A Study of Some Californian Indian Rock Art Pigments.” Studies in Conservation. Vol. 38 (1993).

Tripitaka: The so-called "three baskets" of Buddhist scriptures.

when suffering: E. Jabès, From, "White Space." In, R. Waldrop, Translator. From the Book to the Book: An Edmund Reader. Hanover, NH: Wesleyan University Press, 1991.

Blue and green: Scott and Hyder, op.cit.

In the natural world: C.A. Hale, "The Revelatory Nature of Alchemical Color in Flannery O'Connor's Short Story, 'Revelation.'" Spring Journal, Spring 2006.

the center: D. Zahan, "White, Red and Black: Colour Symbolism in Black Africa." In, Color Symbolism: Six Excerpts from the Eranos Yearbook 1972. Zürich: Spring Publications, 1977.


quite different: M. Eliade, Shamanism: Archaic Techniques of Ecstasy. New York, 1989.

Climbing: S. Takahashi, 'Sky." L. Stryk and T. Ikemoto, Translators.


this invisible must announce: J. Sallis, Stone. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1994.

the major ancestral beings: H. Morphy, "Landscape and the Reproduction of the Ancestral Past.” In, E. Hirsh and M. O’Hanlon, Editors, The Anthropology of Landscape. Oxford: Oxford University, 1995.

some (anthropologists) believe: J. Greve and L. Fiedler, ” Does symbolism represent progress?...Not necessarily." Pleistocene Coalition News, November-December 2009. http://pleistocenecoalition.com/newsletter/november-december2009.pdf:


I think, Joel: Email, 10 Nov 2007.

In Africa: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2049154/Ancient-art-materials-discovered-South-African-cave.html

the Tibetan Buddhist: A.J. Rock and P.B. Baynes, "Shamanic Journeying Imagery, Constructivism and the Affect Bridge Technique. Anthropology of Consciousness. Vol. 16. #2. (2005). They are critiquing the viewpoint of Steven Katz. In, "Mysticism and Philosophical Analysis." London: Sheldon Press, 1978. "Put simply," they continue. Katz's argument is that "mystical experience is contextspecific."