Indweller in the Earth." "In Chugach
folklore, the Earth Inweller is frequently described as 'the
indweller in the alder trees.' Her home is inland in
the mountain forests. In other words, she indwells in trees
as well as soil, rock, and land animals." D. Merkin, Powers
Which We Do Not Know.Moscow, ID. 1991.
experience: A.G. Grapard, "Flying
Mountains and Walkers of Emptiness: Toward a Definition of
of Religions. February 1982.
spirit of the sea. “All
game originated from the fingers of Nuliajuk. Her finger joints
were transformed into sea game.” J.G. Oosten, “The
Symbolism of the Body in Inuit Culture.” Visible Religion Vol
deep time: P. Reis, "Arctic Refuge Sutra." Talk
given at Pacifica Graduate Institute, 17 March 07.
have heard: A. Sondheim.
shugunra has the same appearance as the individual creature.
is miniature in size. It dwells inside the body…The shugunra
may travel away from the body during sleep; its adventures are
experienced as dreams." D. Merkin, Powers Which We Do
Not Know.Moscow, ID. 1991.
only to be found: Ibjugaarjuk. (Paallirmiut shaman) In, K. Rasmussen, The
Intellectual Culture of the Iglulik Eskimos. Vol. 7 (1)
of the Fifth Thule Expedition, 1921-24. Copenhagen.
which literally means 'the human of this one who is spoken of,'
is a word pertaining
to the animistic vision of the cosmos, which means that every living
being is inhabited by a common living entity. This renders possible
the metamorphosis of animal into man and visa versa." R. Gessain, "Dance
Masks of Ammassalik." Arctic Anthropology Vol. 21,
No 2., 1984.
names a class of metaphysical beings that indwell in all the
and inanimate phenomena of the world...all people, animals, and
trees have a shua, but a rock has none... A shua is 'just
like us'— that is, anthropomorphic —in appearance,
but brighter." D. Merkin, Powers Which We Do Not Know. Moscow,