dog: "Hermes said, 'My son, take a Corascene
dog and an Armenian bitch, join them together, and they will beget
a dog of celestial hue, and if ever he is thirsty, give him sea
water to drink; for he will guard your friend, and he will guard
you from your enemy, and he will help you wherever you may be,
always being with you, in this world and in the
next.'" Liber Secretorum. Quoted in, C.G. Jung, Mysterium Conjunctionis.
Collected Works,Vol. 14. Princeton, NJ., 1977. p.174.
place: "In the 1970s John O'Keefe and his colleagues
recorded the activity of nerve cells in the hippocampus of a rat
that could move freely around in a enclosure, and they made the
startling discovery that, while the firing of some cells depended
on what the rat was doing, the firing of others depends only on
where the enclosure was. These place cells therefore seemed
to represent a cognitive map of environmental space. Cells with
similar properties were later found in the rat's posterior parietal
lobes." I. Glynn, An
Anatomy of Thought. New York, 2000. p.321.
image of animation is of Marsden Hartley's "New Mexico Recollections
12." 1922-23. Oil on canvas. "In the city, as in the desert, the stranger,
wanderer, the nomad, the flâneur finds reprieve from time." Z.
Bauman, "Desert Spectacular." In, K. Tester, Editor, The Flâneur.
England, 1994. p.140.
processes: J.Philbeck, http://www.jsmf.org/old_site/programs/mcpewprograms
the somatosensory cortex is a representation of the human body called
homunculus or " little man". Neurons in this location can identify
the area of the body being stimulated by the information they receive from the
somatic receptors in
the skin. A particular body region is represented on the cortex with an
area that is proportional to the density of touch receptors in the body part,
not by its actual size. Since your right index finger is very dense with touch
receptors, it takes up a lot of cortex compared to say your arm. Therefore, the
neurons form a geometrically distorted
projection of the body surface." http://www.macalester.edu/~psych/whathap/UBNRP/Phantom/homunculus.html
term for discovering the beauty of small details.
stones: "We know that the lapis is not
just a 'stone' since it
is expressly stated to be composed 'de re animali, vegetabili et mineriali,'
and to consist of body, soul, and spirit; moreover, it grows from flesh and blood.For
which reason Philosophus says, 'The wind hath carried it in his belly. And therefore
it is plain that the wind is air, air as life, and life as soul. The stone is
that thing midway between perfect and imperfect bodies, and that which nature
herself begins is brought to perfection through the art (alchemy).' The stone
'is named the stone of
invisibility.'" C.G. Jung, Dream Symbols of the Individuation Process. In,
J. Campbell, Editor, Spiritual Disciplines: Papers From the Eranos Yearbooks.
Princeton, NJ., 1985. p.401-2.
before: "Bronze-age Celtic civilization was
agricultural, and it evolved a loose pantheon of deities related
to the goddess Dana, who is associated with the water of life (she
gives her name to European rivers from the Danube to the Don).
But in ancient Irish mythtelling, where a Stone-age sensibility
lies beneath an agriculturist frame of mind like volcanic rock
beneath peat, one encounters all the intelligent energies of animism--that
is, of a nature seen as having mentality (animus). Neither
generically benevolent nor malevolent, these spirits are at best
ambiguous. For example, in one eighth-century text, where they
are first mentioned, a swarm of 'small bodies' (lúchoirp or luchorpáin)
comes out of the sea. Water spirits, they grant the hero the power
to travel underwater, like a shaman, and the power is his until
he breaks a taboo
they have warned against." S. Kane, Wisdom of the Mythtellers.
Ontario, Canada, 1998. p.35.
the massive: S.A.Greenfield, The Human Brain:
A Guided Tour. New York, 1997. p.16.
physicists: D.S. Overbye, "No Man, Quark or Electron
Is an Island." The New York Times, 20 March 2001.
journalist: Richard Read, a reporter for The Oregonian,
is the recipient of two Pulitzer
Lama: His Holiness, the Fourteenth Dalai Lama of Tibet,
was born on July 6, 1935 in a small farming village of Taktser
in the province of Amdo, northeast Tibet. At the age of two, following
a nationwide search, he was recognized as the reincarnation of the
Thirteenth Dalai Lama. He was brought to Lhasa, the capital of
Tibet, and on February 22, 1940 was formally installed as the Tibetan
head of state.
is situated in the northern Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, in the
Pir Panjal region of the Outer Himalayas, within sight of the awesome
Dhauladhar, "white ridge," Range above, and the Kangra Valley
In 635 AD, the Chinese monk-pilgrim,
Hsuan Tsang recorded fifty monasteries, with a population of around
2,000 monks, in this region. A century later, during an upsurge of
Brahminical revivalism, Buddhism and all its sites were eliminated
from the valley. His Holiness the Dalai Lama established the Tibetan
Government-in-Exile at Dharamsala in 1960.
asked: The Dalai Lama first replied to this question
by saying, "I
think...making many friends." He concluded with, "Anyway, it's better
others about his achievements. Then they can easily exaggerate." Then the
began "breaking into laughter again." R. Read, "A Struggle For
Enlightenment: The Dalai Lama Will Visit Portland This Spring..." The
25 March 01. p.A01.
mother: "A duckling needs its mother and it needs
this construct of mother to be its real mother. That only one combination
of stimuli comes to mean mother is an intrinsic property of the
circuits that embed this material representation. An attractor-like
property through repetition of a given sequence of stimuli--hear
quack, orient to quack, see this big duck--ultimately comes to
embed the construct of mother." R.R. Llinás, i Of
The Vortex: From Neurons to Self. Cambridge, MA., 2001. p.197
and sore eyes: "While watching the glass vase with strained
and sore eyes, the alchemist would ponder the words of the golden ones; and then,
spontaneously, his spirit would begin conversing with the ghosts of Hermes Trismegistus,
Moses, Pythagoras, and Plato. That this conversation was not unusual is suggested
by the initiates' definition of the long, melancholy meditation before the vessel,
meditation, as an interior conversation with an invisible other." R.
Sevenson, "The Alchemy of Dreamwork: Reflections on Freud and The Alchemical
Spring, 1979. p.101.
are remarkably accurate and precise when walking blindly to a previously
viewed target. This behavior relies heavily upon the ability to keep
track of one's changing location. Recent evidence suggests that some
aspects of location monitoring may be subserved by the parietal cortex;
in particular, the parietal lobe appears to mediate the construction
and maintenance of an internal spatial representation. However, there
are many unanswered questions regarding both the processes involved
in spatial updating and the properties of the representation that is
constructed." J. Philbeck, http://www.jsmf.org/old_site/programs/
"But authentic mobility,
the essence of which is to be found in imagined mobility,
is not properly aroused by the description of reality, not even of
reality in the process of becoming. The true voyage of the imagination
is the voyage to the land, to the very domain of the imaginary. By
this, I do not refer to one of those Utopias which creates all
at once a paradise or a hell, an Atlantis or a Thebes. It is
the journey which interests us, and instead we are given a description
of the stay." G. Bachelard, "L'invitation au voyage." C.
Gaudin, Editor, On Poetic Imagination and Reverie. New York,
the mystical operations are to produce 'the treasure hard to obtain,'
then a tightly
sealed apparatus is an absolute necessity." R. Sevenson, "The Alchemy
Dreamwork: Reflections on Freud and The Alchemical Tradition." Dragonflies.
Spring, 1979. p.103.
jar: "It is a considerable historical irony that
(the computer's) architecture was misdescribed by the popular press
from the moment it was created.These fascinating von Neumann machines
were called 'giant electronic brains,' but they were, in fact giant
electronic minds, electronic imitations---severe simplifications--of
what William James dubbed the stream of consciousness, the meandering
sequence of conscious mental contents famously depicted by James
Joyce in his novels. The architecture of the brain, in contrast,
is massively parallel, with millions of simultaneously active channels
operation." D. Dennett, Consciousness Explained. Boston, 1991.
oneself: "A fifty-seven-year-old World War I
veteran who received a shrapnel wound to his right posterior parental
lobe began to have seizures several years after the injury. On
a occasion during one of these spells, he reported, 'I was in the
doctor's surgery staring into the garden. Then I saw a man about
four feet away to my left. It suddenly dawned on me who is was.
It was me.'...On another occasion he reported that he saw 'crowds
figures all the colors of the rainbow--all myself." T.E. Fineberg, Altered
How the Brain Creates the Self. New York, 2001.p.82. (Autoscopia, also known
as heutoscopy, can be caused by the shrinkage of the parietal lobes. It refers
hallucinations of one's self.)
Joyce: M. Eliade, No Souvenirs: Journal, 1957-1969.
New York, 1977. p.181.
part: "It is a question of 'discontinuous parting'
born of inventions that arise from chance encounters. The event
that is elicited by the 'wild profusion of beings' adds to each
carefully constructed map another possibility." M. de Certeau, "The
of Michel Foucault." Heterologies: Discourse on the Other. Minnesota,
spaces we deem nature (wilderness preserves, national parks, etc.)
are defined precisely by their cultural value, as are museums, monuments,
and other specially preserved spaces, which thus renders the spaces
most identified with nature as culture. Indeed, we might call such
places 'nature museums to emphasize that preservation itself is a distinctly
cultural act." D.R. Shumway, "Nature and the Apartment--Humans,
Pets, and the Value of Incommensurability." In, M. Bennett, and
D.W. Teague, Editors, The Nature of Cities: Ecocriticism and Urban
Environments. Tucson, AZ., 1999.
air: W. Stevens. In, "Notes Toward a Supreme
woman: In his discussion "connecting Arthur with
the invisible world where the Fairy-People
live," Evans-Wentz traces the name of Arthur's wife, Gwenhwyvar, back to "a
Brythonic word meaning white, and hwyvar, a word not found in Brythonic
but undoubtedly cognate with the Irish word siabhradh, a fairy." W.Y.
Evans-Wentz, The Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries. New York, 1966. pp.310-11.
falcon: I am circling around God, around the ancient
been circling for a thousand years.
don't know if I am a falcon,
or a great song.
From "I Live My Life." R. Bly, Translator.
caressing: "The postcentral gyrus of
the parietal lobe is involved with the primary reception and processing
of somatic sensory information, or that derived from the sense receptors
in the skin, muscles and joints. This sensory information includes
tactile or touch sensitivity in the skin, sensations of hot and cold,
pressure exerted on the skin surface and the sense we have of the position
of our joints
and muscles." http://www.braincampus.com/nanatomy/cereb/parietal.html
stones: "Like the ocean which rings
the earth, and like the gates of the sun, the rock marks the boundary
between this world and the world beyond; and it is white because
boundary is also the boundary of light and life." C. Rowe, "Concepts
and Colour Symbolism in the Ancient World." In, Color Symbolism.
there: W.B. Yates. From, "The Man and the Echo."
Dahl, a pilot injured in action with the RAF, wrote The Gremlins,
book for children about the hazards of being an RAF pilot. Unlike the homunculus
in the brain, an explanation for organized consciousness, Gremlins were the anthropomorphized
explanation for inexplicable mishaps experienced by pilots and their machines.
wrote the screenplay for the James Bond film, You Only Live Twice.
these fingers and quick chemicals
divination and combination by
specter's ring, giving ear and performing
here from beyond here
existence was not
if' existential and
reality was into moving light
Purdue. From, "Seen Not Spoken."
whole Italian Renaissance was impregnated with hermeticism, occultism,
and Egyptianism....the hermeticism of the Renaissance ought to be understood
as a reaction against medieval rationalism, which sprang from Aristotelianism,
and that the passion for occultism and magic reveals the dissatisfaction
of the humanists with Christian provincialism and their thirst for
a primordial, universal teaching revealed several thousand years before
Moses, Pythagoras, and Plato. All this deserves to be taken up again
and elaborated." M. Eliade, No Souvenirs: Journal, 1957-1969.
good gray poet: Walt Whitman was born on May 31, 1819
on Long Island, NY. Largely self-taught, he read voraciously. He
published the first edition of what would grow into his epic collection
poems, Leaves of Grass, himself, and sent a copy to Ralph Waldo Emerson,
who wrote a letter praising the poet's originality. Whitman released a second
edition of the book in 1856, containing thirty-three poems. Overcome by the suffering
of the wounded in the Civil War, the poet worked as a nurse for eleven years.
Then he took a job as a clerk for the Department of the Interior, which ended
when the Secretary of the Interior, James Harlan, discovered that Whitman was
the author of Leaves of Grass, which Harlan found offensive, and fired
him. Whitman struggled to support himself through most of his
actor: Like Whitman, Bruce Noll was born on Long Island,
NY. Out of his love for Whitman's work,
he began to perform "Pure Grass" during the 1970s.
Capgras syndrome (named after French psychiatrist Joseph Capgras) is
of a delusional misidentification syndrome. The term "delusional
misidentification syndrome" applies to several clinical disorders in which
a patient confuses the psychological or physical identity of a person, or thing.
The patient with
Capgras syndrome knows that a certain individual looks like the misidentified
person, but there has been a change in the psychological identity of
individual." T.E. Feinberg, Altered Egos: How The Brain Creates the
New York, 2001. p.33.
lines: "Whitman wrote in a form similar to 'thought-rhythm'.
This form is found in Old Testament poetry and in sacred books
of India such as the Bhagavad-Gita, which Whitman knew
in translation. His rhythms and cadences are also heavily influenced
by the music he heard as a regular devotee of the opera in New
York City. In "Proud Music of
the Storm" Walt sings: 'Composers! Mighty maestros! And you, sweet singers
of old lands-Sopani! Tenori! Bassi! To you a new bard, caroling free in the west,
Obeisant, sends his love.' These influences are combined with nature's influence
in the form of the rise
and fall of the sea that he loved so much." G. Mallis.
Eliade says that, in his book, The American Adam, R.W.B. Lewis "rightly
sees an Adamic narcissism" in Whitman. "Lewis also points
out this theme in Whitman: the past is dead, it is a corpse, etc. All
this in order to be able to
affirm that the human race is born to a new life in America." M.
Souvenirs: Journal, 1957-1969. New York, 1977. p.229.
difference between the prosaic fact and the poetic expression was not
greater than the contrast between Whitman as I had imagined him and
the simple, well-mannered man who stood and talked to us. From his
own descriptions of himself, and from the swing and impetus of his
lines, I had pictured him proud, alert, grandiose, defiant of the usages
of society; and I found him the quietest of men. I really remember
but one thing he said....The talk turning on his proof-sheets, I asked
how the first poems impressed him, at this re-reading; to which he
replied, "I am astonished to find myself capable of feeling so
much." J. T. Trowbridge, "Reminiscences of Walt Whitman." The
Atlantic Monthly, February 1902.
Whitman was planning a tour of performing his poetry, when he suffered
a stroke, and spent his declining years preparing his final volume
of poems and prose. He died on March
Four patients who
developed stuttering speech in association with an acute ischemic
stroke. A 68-year-old man acutely developed stuttering with a large
left middle cerebral artery distribution stroke. A 59-year-old man
who had stuttered as a child began to stutter 2 months after a left
temporal lobe infarction, as nonfluent aphasia was improving. Another
childhood stutterer, a 59-year-old originally left-handed man developed
severe but transient stuttering with a right parietal infarction
clinical presentation of stroke-associated stuttering is variable,
as are the locations of the implicated infarctions." http://archneur.ama-assn.org/issues/v56n5/abs/nob7656.html.
cortex: S.A.Greenfield, The Human Brain: A Guided
Tour. New York, 1997. p.16.
denials: "Immediately after the surgery, and
for nearly a year following, I had the distinct impression of a
large part of my upper body being missing, as if it had been cut
away. This was not a physical sensation exactly. But there was
part that had been there that either no longer was or that I no
longer had access to or contact with. More significant was no longer
having any sense at all of a connectedness I had always felt, with
the world, nature, other people, and so on. I am 49 years old,
a Native American, and have worked with healers both Native and
non-Native for a long time, and was considered something of a healer
myself. Following the surgery and ever since, I no longer am able
to use of even feel these energies. An Apache medicine man I recently
saw for help told me I had a 'hole' in me, encompassing what would
be the heart chakra and solar plexus, out of which my life was
draining. I knew this and could feel it' it was why I had gone
to him. He sealed the hole, at least temporarily." L. Gilbert.
May 29, 1998. email@example.com
adolescent: M. Cartmill, Professor of Biology, Duke University.
young: "Until recently, dogma held that mature
brains were static: no cells were born, except in the olfactory
bulb...The prevailing view has since held that primates--and, indeed,
mammals in general--are born with all the neurons they are going
to have. Such neural stability was considered necessary for long-term
memory. So in the late 1980s when (Elizabeth) Gould, who was then
researching the effect of hormones on the brain as a postdoctoral
fellow in the laboratory of Bruce S. McEwen at the Rockefeller
University, saw evidence of new neurons in the rat hippocampus,
she was perplexed....'It wasn't until we delved far enough back
into the literature that we found evidence that new neurons are
produced in the hippocampus.' Those earlier studies had never been
widely noticed. Beginning in the 1960s Joseph Altman, now professor
emeritus at Purdue University, and neurologist Michael S. Kaplan
independently recorded neurogenesis in rats and other mammals.
They saw growth in the olfactory bulb, in the hippocampus--a region
important to memory--and, most strikingly, in the neocortex, which
is the part of the brain involved in
higher thinking. "But nobody picked up on the results," Gould says.
'It is a
classic example of something appearing before its time.'" M. Holloway, "Young
Cells in Old Brains." http://www.sciam.com/2001/0901issue/0901profile.html
Fairy Folk: "in North America (as
in Celtic land), there is no proof of there ever having been an actual dwarf
race, but Lewis and
Clark, in their Travels to the Source of the Missouri River, found among
the Sioux a tradition that a hill near the Whitestone River, which the Red Men
called 'Mountain of Little People' or 'Little Spirits', was inhabited by pygmy
demons in human form, about eighteen inches tall, armed with sharp arrows, and
ever on the alert to kill
mortals who should dare to invade their domain." W.Y. Evans-Wentz. The
Fairy-Faith in Celtic Countries. New York, 1966. p.237.
where: The inferior parietal lobule is where "our
viewer-centered representations relate the self of our own physical
body to the world outside it. Perhaps in a sense, this is where
we start to feel certain that the apple lies inside or outside
the clutch of our own grasping hands. Do we know how far an arm
can reach? We know exactly how far. Because every day, for years,
we have made deposits of such representations into our autobiographical
memory bank." J.H. Austin, Zen and the Brain. p.244.
veins: "In the subterranean regions there are
alternate layers of earth and rock and flowing spring waters. These
strata rest upon thousands of vapors which are distributed in tens
of thousands of branches, veins and threadlike openings...The body
of the earth is like that
of a human being." Chen Ssu-Hsaio (d. 1332 C.E.)
cells: "The rapidly developing field of artificial neural networks
emphasizes biologically inspired approaches to problem solving. Artificial neural
networks process information differently from traditional computers. Computation
occurs in parallel across large numbers of simple processing units, rather than
in the serial fashion of traditional computer architectures. Similarly, information
is distributed across the entire network rather than being located in one specific
place or address. In fact, neural computation is sometimes called parallel distributed
processing to emphasize how it
differs from traditional computing
.In the human brain, there are approximately
10 billion neurons, each of which is connected to about 10,000 other neurons.
A single neuron consists of a cell body called the soma, a number of spine-like
extensions called dendrites, and a single nerve fibre called an axon which branches
out from the soma and connects to other neurons. Neurons combine input signals
from these connections or synapses to determine if and when it will transmit
a signal to other neurons through the connecting dendrites and synapses. The
synapses modulate the input signals before they are combined, and the system
learns by changing the modulation at each synapse. Neurons inter-connected by
axons and dendrites form the basic neural network." http://www2.psy.uq.edu.au/~brainwav/Manual/WhatIs.html#WhatIs
Mt. Hood: Mt. Hood rises 11,235 above sea
level, with a base spreading over 92 miles. Dating from the
late Pleistocene Era, steam constantly spewing from fumarole
areas, with eleven glaciers, it is the highest mountain
the string of the Cascade Mountain Range
stretches from Mt. Garibaldi in British Columbia south to
Mt. Lassen in Northern California. In 1805, Lewis & Clark
became the first Americans to see the mountain. Mt. Hood
is the second most climbed mountain in the world, second
only to Japans spiritual icon, Fujiyama, which it resembles.
of clouds: One navigational aid to early Polynesians
was the shape and color of clouds. For example, "Cumulus tend
to dip in 'V' shapes down towards an island, or be locked to it
while other clouds pass by on either side. Reflection from the
shallow lagoon in an atoll gives a greenish cast to the underside
of any low cloud, while a solid landmass tends to
darken it." L. Watson, Heaven's Breath. New York, 1983. p.93.
Piaf: Born in Paris, 1915, Edith Giovanna Gassion,
beginning as a street singer, she gained a worldwide reputation
as a torch singer, a French version of the Blues. Edith Piaf died
homunculus: E. Rousselle, Spiritual Guidance in Contemporary
Taoism. In, J. Campbell, Editor, Spiritual Disciplines--Papers from
the Eranos Yearbooks.
Princeton NJ., 1985. p.99.
in stature: The homunculus looks somewhat strange
because each area is represented by the number of sensory neuronal
connections, not its physical size.
bridge: The Thurman Street Bridge runs above a dry
yellows: "During summer, the leaves of trees
are factories producing sugar from carbon dioxide and water by
the action of light on chlorophyll. Chlorophyll causes the leaves
to appear green. (The leaves of some trees, such as birches and
cottonwoods, also contain carotene; these leaves appear brighter
green, because carotene absorbs blue-green light.) Water and nutrients
flow from the roots, through the branches, and into the leaves.
The sugars produced by photosynthesis flow from the leaves to other
parts of the tree, where some of the chemical energy is used for
growth and some is stored. The shortening days and cool nights
of autumn trigger changes in the tree. One of these changes is
the growth of a corky membrane between the branch and the leaf
stem. This membrane interferes with the flow of nutrients into
the leaf. Because the nutrient flow is interrupted, the production
of chlorophyll in the leaf declines, and the green color of the
leaf fades. If the leaf contains carotene, as do the leaves of
birch and hickory, it will change from green to bright yellow as
the chlorophyll disappears. In some trees, as the concentration
in the leaf increases, the sugar reacts to form anthocyanins. These pigments
cause the yellowing leaves to turn red. Red maples, red oaks, and sumac produce
anthocyanins in abundance and display the brightest reds and purples in the autumn
landscape. (The purpose
this red color may serve for the plant is the subject of some scientific
speculation. W. Hoch, http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/chemweek/fallcolr/fallcolr.html
Man: "The earliest known examples (of the Green
Man) are in the art of Classical Rome, from where the idea seems
to have moved northwards, to be adopted by Christianity and spread
far and wide along the pilgrimage routes. The Green Man vanished
with the Old
Faith after the Reformation. By the time of his reappearance, on seventeenth
century memorials and eighteenth century Scottish gravestones, the emphasis had
shifted, the purpose redirected. For the Victorians, he played a major role in
their church restorations and as a decorative motif on street architecture. Even
today, when he enjoys a revival, his significance can be manipulated to suit
our particular needs." Ruth
could see: The ability to recognize the same object
from different angles or perspectives is mediated by the parietal
term apoptosis was coined in a now-classic paper by Kerr, Wyllie, and
J. Cancer 26:239) in 1972 as a means of distinguishing a morphologically
distinctive form of cell death which was associated with normal physiology. Apoptosis
distinguished from necrosis, which was associated with acute injury to cells." Apoptosis
Interest Group, http://www.nih.gov/sigs/aig/Aboutapo.html
(Lobe) means: "Of or pertaining to a wall, or building or the
care of them." New
World Dictionary of the American Language. New York, 1980.
found a small cave...Here no man could do him harm. He had the idea
of writing down his thoughts, which
was so dangerous for him to do anywhere else." J. Sorel, "Cloud
Peak (Reflections in a Small Cave)." In, R. Célia Pinto, "The
and the White." (O Branco E O Negro.) http://digitalmedia.upd.edu.ph.
reality: James Hillman, "Once More Into the Fray." Spring
(Fall 1994). This is Hillman's reply to Wolfgang Giegerich's, "Killing:
Platonism and the Missing Link to Reality." Spring 54. (1993)
problem is this: theories and observation all suggest that in the first
moments of the universe particles of matter and antimatter were created
in equal abundance. Yet today the universe is not like this, as everything
that we know in the large-scale cosmos consists of matter. How this
asymmetry came about is one of the great puzzles of both particle physics
and cosmology." F. Close, Lucifer's Legacy: The
Meaning of Asymmetry. Oxford, England, 2000. p.217.
will admit it: "We now come to another disorder
of the body-image which may be found in patients with parietal
especially in the right hemisphere. Hemiparesis may or may
not be present. The characteristic feature is a subjective
as if there existed nothing to the left of the midline of the
body. The left arm and leg seem to be 'missing'...as if the
been sawn through the vertical midline. The sensation is often
a vivid one, but ordinarily it does not assume delusional proportions.
The patients insist that the
feeling is one as if no left arm and legs existed. Only rarely,
and in cases where considerable mental confusion exists, does the patient
with the term 'as if' and proclaim that he actually has no arm or leg at
all on the affected side." M.
Critchley, The Parietal Lobes. New York, 1966. p.237.
will conduct: J. Philbeck, http://www.jsmf.org/old_site/programs/mcpewprograms
auras: "We report the clinical manifestations
and outcome of 82 patients with nontumoural parietal lobe epilepsy
treated surgically at the Montreal Neurological Institute between
1929 and 1988. Patients with extensive resections extending outside
the parietal lobe were excluded. Ninety-four percent exhibited
aurae: the most common were somatosensory, described by 52 patients;
13 of these also described pain. Other aurae included disturbances
of body image, visual illusions, vertiginous sensations and aphasia
or dysphasia. A few patients exhibited complex visual or auditory
elementary visual hallucinations..." V. Salanova, et al.: "Parietal
lobe epilepsy. Clinical manifestations and outcome in 82 patients treated surgically
between 1929 and 1988." http://research.bmn.com/medline/search/record?uid=MDLN.95323444
Shenoy, (D) Meeker and their colleagues showed that electrical signals
from the parietal reach region (PRR), the part of the brain responsible
for planning arm movements, can be used to control the movement of
a cursor on a computer screen. Using signals from an electrode implanted
in the PRR of a monkey, the researchers were able to mimic the animal's
arm movements with the movements of a cursor called a prosthetic icon.
Eventually, the monkey was able to control the icon by thought alone." M.
Alexander, "Stanford engineer studies neural prosthetics." http://www.stanford.edu/dept/news/pr/01/shenoy1128.html
"'The nervous system
is quite different than a computer,' said Eve Marder, a professor
of neuroscience at Brandeis University who studies how the brain
adapts to change. 'Many functions that are physically separate in
a computer are carried out by the same piece of tissue' in the brain
and nervous system. The greatest challenge has been in building the
interface between biology and technology. Nerve cells in the brain
find each other, strengthen connections and build patterns through
complex chemical signaling that is driven in part by the environment.
Slice away some neurons, for example, and others will leap in to
replace their function. No one understands how the brain learns to
adapt to change, but it is a process that is as sophisticated as
it is messy. Silicon chips, on the other hand, can perform specific
functions with great reliability and speed, but have limited responsiveness
to the environment and almost no ability to alter themselves according
to need. 'Things are constantly changing ... processes are growing,
there are substances called neuromodulators that change the properties
of nerve cells and the strength of connections,' said Marder. 'That's
the challenge of making a silicon-brain interface - the rules of
computation are not the same.'" S. Vedantam, "Brain cells
linked to silicon chips. Researchers create part-mechanical, part-living
circuit." The Washington Post. 28 August 2001.
parietal lobes "are concerned with discerning the spatial layout
of the external world, allowing you to navigate through space, reach
out for objects, dodge missiles and
otherwise know where you are." V.S.Ramachandran and S. Blackeslee, Phantoms
the Brain. New York, 1998. p.115.
are things Darwin couldn't have known. One of them was self-organization
in complex dynamical systems. If the new science of Complexity succeeds,
it will broker a marriage between self-organization and selection.
It will be a physics of biology." J.M. Smith. In, R. Lewin, Life
At the Edge of Chaos. New York, 1992. p.43.
pole: "Opposition is one of the great symbols
of alchemy, and the union of opposites is its great mystery,
its ultimate goal. In one version alchemy speaks of it as the
the new man or spiritual rebirth, which is viewed as the great
desideratum. We cannot seek to identify ourselves with only
one of two poles; both poles must be transcended, transformed
a new being and thus reconciled." R. Bernoullio, Spiritual
Development in Alchemy." In, J. Campbell, Editor, Spiritual
Disciplines--Papers from the Eranos Yearbooks. Princeton
NJ., 1985. pp. 318-19.
Italian folklore the spot in the earth where a mushroom appears
indicates a specific metallic body below, i.e., the planetary figures
bodies of the
underworld." J. illman, The Dream and the Underworld. New York,
circle: To live your life in circles, to go in circles,
to repeat what you have already done, this was the nature of agricultural
people, and of tribes who hunted species appearing in predicted
places at predicted times. To a technological people such as ourselves, circle
So as not
Time's horrible burden one which breaks your shoulders
and bows you
must get drunk without cease.
But with what?
wine, poetry, or virtue as you choose.
-C. Baudelaire, "Get
Welch appeared: Lew Welch was born on August
16, 1926 in Phoenix, Arizona. He attended Reed College,
in Portland, Oregon, with fellow poets Gary Snyder and
Philip Whalen. In Jack Kerouac's novel Big Sur,
Lew is the hard-drinking Dave Wain. He appears to have
committed suicide in May 1971 while staying near Gary Snyder's
house in Nevada City, CA.
is just one year since Lew Welch walked into the woods, leaving
behind his sleeping bag, his car, his notebooks, his unfinished
MSS, his wallet, his ID. He was never seen again; search the
slopes and brush as we would never a trace was found." G.
Snyder. From, "Postnote." J. Weishaus, Editor, Bits & Snatches:
The Selected Work of Sam Thomas. New York, NY., 1974.
Miranda: Called the lady in the tutti-fruitti
hat," and the inspiration for Chiquita Banana commercials,
Miranda was born Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha on February 9,
1909 in Marco de Canavezes, Portugal. Her family moving to Rio
de Janeiro when she was about two years old. A successful performer
in Brazil, she was lured to Broadway, and then to Hollywood, where
she starred in several "south-of-the-Border" Technicolor
musicals, establishing the stereotype of the fiery, English-mangling,
Latin. By 1945, such
goofy films as The Gangs All Here," in which she wore a skyscraper
bananas, she was the highest paid woman in the U.S. Miranda only returned
to Brazil on a few visits. She died from a heart attack on August 5, 1955, in
House: Built by the Works Progress Administration
(WPA) during the 1930s, the structure was maintained as restroom
facilities. Two stories, it now has no roof or wall.
Paracelsus: C. Preston, "Homunculus." "Paracelsus
who was born Philippus Aureolus (1493-1541) took the pseudonym of Theophrastus
Bombastus Von Hohenheim. He became a renowned physician, alchemist and occultist.
Supposedly he invented the name Paracelsus, which he was widely known by, which
means 'superior to Calsus.' Celsus was an
early Roman physician."
golem: "After saying certain prayers and observing
certain fast days, the Polish Jews make the figure of a man from
clay or mud, and they pronounce the miraculous Shemhamphoras (the
name of God) over him, he must come to life. He cannot speak, but
he understands fairly well what is said or commanded. They call
him golem and use him as a servant to do all sorts of housework.
But he must never leave the house. On his forehead is written emeth (truth);
every day he gains weight and becomes somewhat larger and stronger
than all the others in the house, regardless of how little he was
to begin with. For fear of him, they therefore erase the first
letter, so that nothing remains but meth (he is dead),
whereupon he collapses and turns to clay again." G. Scholem, On
the Kabbalah and
Its Symbolism. New York, 1965. p.159.
reality: "The assumption is made that what is
not held to be false must be real. Thus, for example, in the past,
arguments against 'false' gods were used to induce belief in a
true God. The process repeats itself today in contemporary historiography:
by demonstrating the presence of errors, discourse must pass as
'real' whatever is placed in opposition to the errors. Even thought
this is logically questionable, it works, and it fools people." M.
de Certeau, "History: Science and Fiction." Heterologies.
Minneapolis, MN., 1986. p.201.
Balint's Syndrome, "there is bilateral damage to the parietal
lobes. In a kind of tunnel vision, the patient's eyes stay focused
on any small object that happens to be in her foveal vision (the high-acuity
region of the eye), but she completely ignores all other objects in
the vicinity. If you ask her to point to a small target in her visual
field, she'll very likely miss the mark by a wide margin--sometimes
by a foot or more. But once she captures the target with her two foveas,
she can recognize it effortlessly because her intact what pathway is
engaged in full gear." V.S. Ramachandran and S.
Blakeslee, Phantoms in the Brain. New York, 1998. p.80.
bloodless surgery: "We provide medical
without transfusions to all patients who request it&.There are many reasons
why you might prefer a bloodless treatment method. For instance, you may have
a deeply held religious conviction, such as that held by Jehovah's Witnesses,
that prevents you from receiving blood transfusions. Or, you might feel more
comfortable knowing that, with bloodless techniques, you don't risk infection
of blood-borne illness, such as hepatitis
and AIDS.; Legacy Good Samaritan Hospital & Medical Center.
can free himself: H.M.
Enzenberger, Topological Structures in Modern Literature.
Quoted by I. Calvino, Cybernetics and Ghosts." The Literature
Machine. London, England, 1987. p.25
Lilliputian humans: J. Raff, Jung and the Alchemical
Imagination. York Beach, ME., 2000. pp. 207-8.
religious belief: "In one early reference,
the Creator declared: 'Everything that lives and moves will be food
for you. . . . But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still
in it.' He added: 'For your lifeblood I will surely
demand an accounting,' and he then condemned murder. (Genesis 9:3-6, New
International Version) He said that to Noah, a common ancestor
highly esteemed by Jews, Muslims, and Christians. All humanity was
thus notified that in the Creator's view, blood stands for life.
This was more than a dietary regulation. Clearly a moral principle
was involved. Human blood has great significance and should not be
misused. The Creator later added details from which we can easily
see the moral issues that he links to lifeblood. He again
referred to blood when he gave the Law code to ancient Israel. While
many people respect the wisdom and ethics in that code, few are aware
of its serious laws on blood. For instance: 'If anyone of the house
of Israel or of the strangers who reside among them partakes of any
blood, I will set My face against the person who partakes of the
blood, and I will cut him off from among his kin. For the life of
the flesh is in the blood.' (Leviticus 17:10, 11, Tanakh)
God then explained what a hunter was to do with a dead animal: 'He
shall pour out its blood and cover it with earth. . . . You shall
not partake of the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh
is its blood. Anyone who partakes of it shall be cut off.'-Leviticus
17:13, 14, Ta."
healers: "In February 1989, Baguio-based (psychic
healer) Placido Palitayan was arrested in Oregon
He was caught using cow organs. In March 1987, Brother Jose 'Joe'
Bugarin who operated in Sacramento, California, was arrested
for cancer quackery and the illegal practice of medicine. He
was sentenced to nine months in jail. The arresting officer who
frisked him found several red-colored cotton balls in his left
rear pocket. These 'bullets' are used by healers to create the
illusion of surgery and
produce 'blood' at the appropriate
time. One of Brother Joe's victims, Mary Armstrong had earlier
visited the healer
hoping he would cure her of cancer of
the larynx. After pulling out diseased tissue from her throat,
Bugarin assured her she was healed - the cancer was
Wait six weeks and see your doctor afterwards, he told her.
finally did see her doctor, confident she'd find a miracle. Instead the
disease had spread, and when it came time for a biopsy, she had
a heart attack under the anesthetic. She had to wait
for two more months before the surgeons would finally
"They are faith
healers - have roots in shamanism, now modern day shamans, often
regarded as 'fake healers' but still very much sought after by
many superstitious people here especially those living in the
provinces and depressed areas (and the terminally ill, including
rich people and foreigners). In Filipino they are called 'albularyo.'" F.
Lasay. Private Correspondence, December 22, 2001.
skull poses two major challenges. Low-power ultrasound is harmless
to soft tissue, but the same power, if used by an FUS transducer
on a brain tumor, would cause the skull itself to overheat and burn
because bones absorb 10 to 20 times as much ultrasound energy as
soft tissue. In addition, although soft tissue creates no obstacle
to ultrasound, allowing for precise and unobstructed focus on the
tumor focal point, 'the skull destroys the focus,' says (Finnish
medical physicist Kullervo) Hynynen. His breakthrough for fixing
both problems--heat absorption and wave distortion--was to devise
a 'phased array' ultrasound transducer. (Transducers convert electrical
energy into ultrasound waves, much as stereo speakers convert electrical
signals into sound.) Instead of the small "spherical transducers" he
had designed for
breast applications, Hynynen created a number
of experimental "hemispherical transducers" to deal with
brain tumors. The concave interiors of these plate-sized half-globe
transducers are dotted with anywhere from 64 to 501 electrical elements.
'By creating a 64-[or more]-element array that goes around the head,
the magnification becomes so large that you eliminate the heating
of the skull,' says Hynynen. In other words, the ultrasound power
is spread across the whole surface of the skull, yet converges into
focus at the point of the tumor. The skull still distorts the ultrasound
beams, 'but with phased arrays you can correct for that and get very
sharp focus,' he explains. 'This allows us to [cook] small tumors.
And since we can do this in the MRI, we can see the hot spot before it
reaches the critical temperature. We can see the spot and move it
wherever we want.' Ultimately, he says, 'this would allow you to
do brain surgery, deep in the brain, without opening the brain up." "Bloodless
Brain Surgery" http://www.harvardmagazine.com/archive/00nd/nd00_feat_surgery_4.html
brain had an unusual pattern of sulci (grooves) on both right and
left parietal lobes. This particular area of the parietal lobe is
thought to be important for mathematical abilities and spatial reasoning.
Einstein's brain had a much shorter lateral sulcus that was partially
missing. His brain was also 15% wider than the other brains. The
researchers think that these unique brain characteristics may have
allowed better connections between neurons important for math and
spatial reasoning. Although these results are interesting, it must
be remembered that this study had only one brain in the experimental
group...Albert Einstein's brain. It remains to be seen if other mathematical
geniuses also show these distinguishing brain characteristics. Moreover,
the study did not investigate the brain at a microscopic level. In
other words, the study says nothing about how neurons in these brains
were connected and of course, could not tell if there were differences
in the way the neurons functioned. http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/ein.html
Sheoques are the (tiny) spirits that haunt the sacred thorn bushes
and the green raths....Many a mortal they are said to have enticed
down into their dim world. Many more have listened to their fairy
music, till all human cares and joys drifted from their hearts and
they became great peasant seers or 'Fairy Doctors', or great peasant
musicians or poets like Carolan, who gathered his tunes while sleeping
on a fairy rath; or else they died in a year and a day, to live ever
after among the fairies." http://www.belinus.co.uk/folklore/Files8/WBYClassIrishFairies.htm
They have also been known to steal children, and return them old.
Hood: At 11,235 Ft. above sea level, Mt. Hood is
the highest mountain in Oregon, and the the 4th highest
in the Cascade Mountain Range of volcanoes that stretch from
British Columbia south to Mt. Lassen in Northern California.
Its last eruption was in 1907, and, as scientists have figured
one ever 75 years, its past due.
of reach: "we know that certain neurons in
the left orientation area (situated in the posterior section
the parietal lobe) respond only to objects within arm's reach,
while others respond only to objects just beyond." A. Newberg,
E. D'Aquili, V. Rause, Why God Won't Go Away. New York,
swaddled in mist: "There
are many stories of the spiritual hero who disappears on the
cloud-covered peak---passing, in the process, into a higher
form of consciousness. Jesus is transfigured in the thick cloud
on Mount Tabor and ascends into heaven from the cloud-covered
slopes of Mount Olivet. King Kay Khusrawm an Iranian hero and
spiritual teacher in the Muslin tradition, is said to have
disappeared in the swirling mists of Mount Kaf. The Mahabharata,
India's epic narrative, ends with King Yudhistira's ascent
into heaven from the clouds surrounding Mount Meru. Why do
these tales transfix the analogical imagination? What passage
from a state of 'knowing' to a deeper way of 'unknowing' is
symbolized for us in the experience of being enclosed by mountain
clouds?" B.C. Lane, The Solace of Fierce Landscapes.
New York. 1998. pp.103-4.
asked him: B. Porter, Road to Heaven: Encounters
with Chinese Hermits. San Francisco, CA., 1993. p.138.
a sense, the parietal lobe is a crucial part of the brain's myth-making
center. No brain lacking (sic) some kind of parietal area
could think in terms of opposites, so it could not create the basic
components of mythic structure." A. Newberg, E. D'Aquili, V.
Rause, Why God Won't Go Away. New York, 2001. p.65.
St. Helens: "Mount St. Helens is located in
southwest Washington State, USA, approximately 65 miles from
Portland, Oregon. On May 18th, 1980, 8:32 am (PDT) the mountain
erupted, triggering a 5.1 earthquake. Its height was 9,677 feet
before the eruption and 8,363 feet after. The largest landslide
in recorded history swept down the mountain at speeds of 70 to150
miles per hour and buried the North Fork of the Toutle River
under an average of 150 feet of debris. Some areas are covered
by as much as 600 feet. The lateral blast swept out of the north
side of Mt. St. Helens at 300 miles per hour creating a 230 square
mile fan shaped area of devastation reaching a distance of 17
miles from the crater. With temperatures as high as 660 degrees
F, and the power of 24 megatons nuclear blast, it snapped 100-year-old
trees like toothpicks. The massive ash cloud grew to 80,000 feet
(18 kilometers) in 15 minutes and reached the East Coast in 3
days. Although most of the ash fell within 300 miles of the mountain,
finer ash circled the earth and may continue to stay in the atmosphere.
57 people, along with 7,000 big game animals,12 million Chinook
and Coho salmon, and millions of birds and small mammals, were
killed as a result of the eruption. The lava dome rises 876 feet
above the crater floor and is about 3,500 feet in diameter. There
have been no dome building eruptions since October 1986. If the
dome were to re-establish the growth pattern it had in the 1980's,
it would take 200 years to rebuild the mountain to its pre-1980
size." V.A. Smith. firstname.lastname@example.org.
talk to flowers
My fingertips withstand
The glance of roses.
-S. Diamond. From, "Shaman's
rosary's association with the rose garden is connected to the Middle
English word 'bede' (bead) and the Anglo-Saxon word 'gebed,' so close
to the German 'Gebet,' to complete the transition from roses to jewels
to prayers." B.S.Bullock-Kimball, The European Heritage
of Rose Symbolism and Rose Metaphors in Views of Rilke's Epitaph
Rose. New York, 1987. p.47
all have this illusion of a homunculus inside the brain (that's what
I am), so this illusion needs an explanation. The problem of the
infinite regress is avoided in our case, since the true homunculus
is unconscious, and only a representation of it enters consciousness.
This puts the problem of consciousness in a somewhat new light. We
have therefore named this type of theory as one postulating an unconscious
homunculus, wherever it may be located in the brain. The unconscious
homunculus receives information about the world through the senses
and thinks, plans and executes voluntary actions. What becomes conscious
then is a representation of some of the activities of the unconscious
homunculus in the form of various kinds of imagery and spoken and
unspoken speech." F. Crick and C. Koch, "The Unconsciousness
Seoul: John Rumler is a free-lance journalist who
lived in Seoul, Korea, and now resides in Portland..
cycles: "According to Medawar and Medawar,
in their book The Life Science (P.B. and J.S. Medawar.
New York, 1977) the nonredictionibility which declares that in
a hierarchical system each level may have properties
and modes of behavior peculiar to itself and be fully explicable
by analytic reduction. According to the Medawars, if a property
is emergent, it is not reducible to those parts. It
follows that if a property in a hierarchy is reducible
to the properties of things at lower levels of the hierarchy
it is not emergent." T.E. Fineberg, Altered Egos.
New York, 2001. p.123.
of shadows: "We have seen that among primitives
the designations for shadow, reflected image, and the like, also
serve for the notion of 'soul,' and that the most primitive concept
of the soul of the Greeks, Egyptians, and other culturally prominent
peoples coincides with a double which is essentially identical
with the body." O. Rank, The Myth of the Birth of The
Hero. New York 1952.
bridge: The Burnside Bridge opened on May 28, 1926.
A "street double-leaf Strauss bascule drawspan bridge," it
is 2,308 feet in length, and rises 64 feet above the Willamette
is no one: S. A. Greenfield, The Human Brain. New
York, 1997 p.23
all of you...
To the universe belongs the dancer.
He who does not dance does not know
if you follow my dance, see yourself in me who am speaking,
And when you have seen what I do, keep
silence about my mysteries.
leaped: but do you understand the whole?"
-Acts of John, New Testament Apocrypha.
to the parietal lobe can results in symptoms may may include clumsy
movement on the side opposite (contralateral) to the damaged cortex.