pons receives sensations from facial skin and from the eyes, nose,
mouth, and teeth, tells the jaw muscles to chew, moves the eyes from
side to side, receives taste sensations from the side of the mouth,
works muscles that control facial expressions, receives nerve impulses
from sounds that enter the ears, causes secretions of saliva and tears.
in some ways Portland's appearance was pleasing, it had one feature
which incited criticism and ridicule: stumps in the streets. A visitor
in 1847 noted that 'The trees are cut down where the streets have been
surveyed, but the stumps are left.'" E.E.
Snyder, Early Portland: Stump-Town Triumphant. Portland, OR., 1970.
researchers can: J.A.
Hobson, J.A. Hobson, The Chemistry of Consciousness. Boston,
MA., 1994. p.57.
waves. (Pons-geniculate nucleus-occipital cortex).The system is composed
that broadcast slow, high-amplitude waves. "These PGO waves in animals have
been interpreted as 'a psychological correlate of the hallucinoid imagery' that
visualize when they dream." J. Austin, Zen and The Brain. Cambridge,
the Latin Quarter: B.
Miles, The Beat Hotel. New York, 2000. p.9. "Living in Paris,
I was for a long time drawing a line around a few streets in the Latin
Quarter, so that I could call a certain area 'mine.' A restaurant at
the corner, a small bookstore, a laundry, a cafe succeeded each other
when I was taking a walk and would give me some assurance through their
presence at the points expected in advance." C. Milosz, "On
May 1993. pp.25-30.
Columbia River Bar: "The
oldtimers here, the men with ocean-polished faces who still speak with
thick accents and congregate at the Sons of Norway Hall for secret
rituals and snorts of chilled vodka with their vile-tasting lutefisk,
refer to this area by its historical tag: the Graveyard of the Pacific.
Justifiably, such talk makes them feel more alive. The Columbia River
Bar has swallowed more ships, about 2,100 at last count, than any other
location on the Pacific north of Mexico. 'Graveyard of the Pacific'
is not some desperate booster slogan seized upon after all the canneries
closed down and the money left town. The Chamber of Commerce hates
it when locals bring up shipwrecks. They don't want to scare people.
It's all under control now, they say." Timothy Egan, The Good
New York. Alfred A. Knopf, 1990. p. 18.
a broad: http://www.britannica.com/seo/p/pons/
toward the end: "We
had crossed the rainfall line again because the steep slopes of Kefallinia
and Ithaca were barren except for scrub growth...cause may be demon
woodcutters of past centuries, the subsequent severe erosion of soil,
less rainfall, and the lack of conservation." H.
Eoth, We Followed Odysseus. Port Washington, WI., 1999. pp186-7.
existentialists call this strategy autoprojecting--imagining oneself
in a better situation in the future and then pursuing this mirage.
This is a loser strategy whether we achieve the goal or not, since
it never brings what we expect from it. It leads to an inauthentic
way of life..." S. Grof. In, E. Laszlo, Editor, The Consciousness
Revolution. Shaftesbury, Dorset, England, 1999. p.14.
a language: "Flanerie
is a form of reading the street, through which people's faces, shop
fronts, display windows, cafe terraces, trams, cars, trees become so
many equally valid letters of the alphabet, which together constitute
words, sentences, pages of an ever-new book." F. Hessel, Ein
Flâeur in Berlin. Berlin, 1984. p.145.
this is probably: A
Walter Benjamins celebrated essay, The Work of Art in the
Age of Mechanical Reproduction
Benjamin misleadingly meditates
upon the decay, the shriveling, and the destruction of
what he calls the aura of art. Proposing that this aura,
or the sense of a works uniqueness, is inseparable from
imbedded in the fabric of tradition. N. Zurbrugg, The Parameters
Postmodernism. Carbondale, IL., 1993. p.15.
"Another reason drivers dislike the
Hawthorne is that, with its low clearance (53 feet at low water), it
goes up more often than any other Willamette River bridge. The bridge
goes up constantly, it seems, for such traffic as tourist steamer ships
and a floating restaurant. The wait is at least five minutes (it's
over 80 years old, after all!), and the traffic can backup." A
Cirque Du Soleil: This
unique circus began with street performers
in Baie-Saint-Paul, Quebec, in 1982, and has grown to employ over
500 people. The big top seats up to 1,500.
flanked by: D.B.
Steinman and S.R. Watson, Bridges and Their Builders.
New York, 1941. p. 336. The St. Johns Bridge, main span 1,207 ft.,
built by Robinson and Steinman in
1929-31. "In order to harmonize with the scenic setting, the engineers recommended
that the bridge be painted a pleasing shade of verdant green. Aviation authorities
and government officials were consulted. Back came their reply, advising that
for maximum visibility the bridge should be painted yellow with black stripes!
The county commissioners were 'flabbergasted.' They had requested advice and
they had got it. They waited until March 17--St. Patrick's Day--and then announced
through the press that the
bridge would be painted green." (Ibid.)
there are innumerable: G.F.
MacDonald, J.L. Case, C.D. Laughlin, and J. McManus, "Mirrors,
Portals, and Multiple
Realities." Zygon. March 1989. p.49.
clown's mystical liberation from ultimate cosmic fears brings with
it a liberation from conventional notions of what is dangerous or sacred
in the religious ceremonies of
men." B. Tedlock. In, D. Tedlock & B. Tedlock, Editors, Teachings
the American Earth. New York, 1975.
Simpsons` Krusty the Clown is based on a real TV clown called Rusty
Nails. Creator Matt Groening
used to watch the "Christian clown" when he was a kid in Portland,
was always confused why the nice guy had such a nasty name. He says, "I
couldn`t get past the idea that this was a nice clown with the scariest name
possible, because you were
told as a kid, `Always avoid rusty nails.`" http://www.fandom.com/simpsons/Editorial.asp?action=page&obj_id=240114
Evil clowns: "It
would be remiss if I didn't warn you to watch out for the inevitable
Killer Clowns from Inner Space who will claim to have made a PBS (Personal
Brain Trainer) without successfully completing all the difficult, tedious,
and expensive prerequisite research. Not only will their pseudo-PBSs
not really work, they will make it harder to develop the real thing
by prematurely raising hopes and expectations and then causing disappointment
and resentment (that's why they're called Killer Clowns). But not to
worry, there are many crusty scientists like me, and we will all do
our best to neutralize the Clowns if they
start to cause trouble." A. Gevins, "What to Do with Your Own Personal
Scanner." In, R.L. Solso, Editor, Mind and Brain Sciences in the 21st
Cambridge, MA., 1997. p.122.
his last tour: "In
the spring of 1689 the Japanese poet Basho accompanied by his friend
and disciple Sora set forth from old Tokyo on a nine month walk which
took them through the backlands and highlands north of the capital
and then west to the Japan Sea coast and along it until they turned
inland again towards Kyoto. Basho recorded approximately the first
half of his journey as a journal, which he worked on for about six
years, and which finally became the Oku-No-Hosomichi, or Back
Roads to Far Towns." C. Eshleman, "Test of Translation
IV: Basho." In, C. Eshleman, Editor, Caterpillar
Anthology. New York, 1971. pp. 74-9.
David Rosen: Jungian
psychiatrist, and the author of Transforming Depression: Healing
the Soul Through
Creativity (New York, 1996), and The Tao of Jung: The Way of Integrity (New
connects: Fibers originating from neurons in all major
lobes of the cerebral cortex terminate upon the pontine nuclei,
which, in turn, project to the opposite cerebellar hemisphere.
fibers form the middle cerebellar peduncle, serving as the bridge
that connects each cerebral hemisphere with the opposite half of
moist brains": -Aristotle.
Pill Hill: Marquam
Hill in SW Portland, on which the main campus of Oregon Health Sciences
University is located.
doctor's white smock:
(Tim and Kim and Don and I were talking
what an awful authoritarian garb Doctors
and Nurses wear, really, how spooky it is.
"What should they wear?"
G. Snyder. From, "The Blue Sky."
rhizomic system: "Let
us summarize the principal characteristics of a rhizome: unlike trees
or their roots, the rhizome connects any point to any other point,
and its traits are not necessarily linked to traits of the same nature;
it brings into play very different regimes of signs, and even nonsign
states. The rhizome is reducible to neither the One or the multiple.
It is not the One that becomes Two or even directly three, four, five
etc. It is not a multiple derived from the one, or to which one is
added (n+1). It is comprised not of units but of dimensions, or rather
directions in motion. It has neither beginning nor end, but always
a middle (milieu) from which it grows and which it overspills. It constitutes
linear multiplicities with n dimensions having neither subject nor
object, which can be laid out on a plane of consistency, and from which
the one is always subtracted (n-1). When a multiplicity of this kind
changes dimension, it necessarily changes in nature as well, undergoes
a metamorphosis." G. Deleuze & F. Guattari, A Thousand
Plateaus. Minneapolis MN.,1987 p. 21.
hallucinations: "the stimulation that occurs
during REM sleep comes from the brain stem, and specifically from
the pons. The messages these cells send to the visual cortex are
responsible for our hallucinations." J. A. Hobson, "Order
From Chaos." In,
R. Conlan, Editor, States Of Mind. New York, 1999. p.189.
All around me: H.
Melville, Mardi And A Voyage Thither. Evansten, IL.,1970.
bringing back: P-M
de Biasi, "Avant-propos." In, P-M de Biasi, Editor, Carnets
travail. Edition critique et génétique. Paris, 1988. p.12.
There was: W.
From, "Notes Toward a Supreme Fiction."
a bridge: Finished
in 1973, the Fremont Bridge is Portland's newest bridge over the Willamette
weighs 6,000 tons and was lifted 170 feet. The tied
span, 902 feet long, was floated into place.
fibers are of two kinds. There are climbing fibers, which branch extensively
and appear to be in close contact with the dentritic tree of the Purkinje
cells. Some of them may originate from a nucleus in the medulla called
the inferior olive. The second category is known as mossy fibers. They
give off some branches which make contact with the dendrites of the
granule cells and others which apparently synapse with Purkinje cells.
They may originate from the spinal cord, the inferior olive, or the
pontine nuclei." H.L.
Meltzer, Chemistry and Human Behavior. Chicago, 1979. p.96.
pons has a pathway to the limbic system, especially to the amygdala,
generating anxiety (nightmares)
during REM (dreaming) sleep, the "fight or flight" response.
It is often: A.
Akhamatova, "Memories of Modigliani" Persea. Vol.
1 No. 1, 1977.
Modiglini: July 2, 1884-January 25, 1920. "Like a prince, Modigliani
was borne to
Père Lachaise cemetery in the plumed black carriage of the pompes funèbres.
retinue including Zborowski, Derain, Brancusi, Lipchitz, Survage, Léger, Soutine,
Valadon, Foujita and Picasso followed the prince to his tomb. There were those
among them who believed the Belle Epoque had truly ended that January of 1920
when Amedeo Modigliani
was buried." W. Wiser, The Crazy Years: Paris in the Twenties.
Giacometti: October 10, 1901-Jan 11, 1966.
intoxication comes over the man who walks long and aimlessly through
the streets. With each step, the walk takes on greater momentum; ever
weaker grow the temptations of shops, of bistros, of smiling women,
ever more irresistible the magnetism of the next streetcorner, of a
distant mass of foliage, of a street name. Then comes hunger. Our man
wants nothing to do with the myriad possibilities offered to sate his
appetite. Like an ascetic animal, he flits through unknown districts--until,
utterly exhausted, he stumbles into his room, which receives him coldly
and wears a strange air." W. Benjamin, "The Flâneur." In, The
Arcades Project. Cambridge, MA., 1999. p.417.
One day: Text
black is by A. Giacometti, 1951. Photo of Alberto Giacometti; sculpture: Nu
follow: "the cells that execute all our
eye movements are located in the pons...The quickest way to activate
'eyes right' is to buzz the nerve cells or the right side of your
pons." J.A. Hobson. The Chemistry of Consciousness.
1994. pp. 59, 88.
consciousness not only relativises ego consciousness but also relativises
the very idea of consciousness itself. It then is no longer clear when
we are psychologically conscious and when unconscious. Even this fundamental
discrimination, so important to the ego-complex, becomes ambiguous.
Ego therefore tends to regard anima consciousness as elusive, capricious,
vacillating. But these words describe a consciousness that is mediated
to the unknown, consciousness of its unconsciousness and, so, truly
psychic reality." J. Hillman, Amina:An Anatomy of a Personified Notion.
Dallas, TX., 1985. p.141.
be curious: M. Berman, "The Cybernetic Dreams
of the Twenty-first Century." In, R.L.
Loveless, Editor., The Computer Revolution and the Arts. Tampa, FL., 1989.
chemicals: During waking consciousness, the pons is
neurotransmitters called amines, mainly norepinephrine and serotonin.
During REM sleep, these chemicals are drastically reduced, while different system
of the pons, the cholinergic system, secretes acetylcholine, which, among other
chores, inhibits motor
action and moves the eyes.
"We observed that
dreaming was neither sleeping nor waking. It was obviously a third
state of the brain. as different from (non-REM) sleep as sleep
is from wakefulness." M. Jouvet, The Paradox of Sleep.
Cambridge, MA. 1999. p.5.
out for the nightmares!" -John Kielty Bell.
Trail: On June 20 1887, Donald Macleay donated 107 acres of forest
to the city of Portland for a park, later incorporated into Forest Park. The
Lower Macleay Trail
is 1.4 miles, with a gain of 250 feet.
Park: More a forest than a park, spanning 5000 acres--acquisition
of another 1000 acres continues to proceed--, Forest Park
is the largest urban park west of the Mississippi. It was dedicated
on September 25, 1948.
Muir: (1838-1914) Perhaps the most influential environmentalist,
mountain climber, and nature writer in U.S. history, John Muir
was born in Dunbar, Scotland. His family emigrated in 1849. Among
his many accomplishments, Muir's trips to, and writings on, Yosemite,
to save it as a national park.
hear footsteps: "Always and ever differently
the bridge escorts the lingering and hastening ways of men to and
fro, so that they may get to other banks and in the end, as mortals,
other side." M. Heidegger, Poetry, Language, Thought. New York,
Rafe: (Background image.) "The (photographic) experiments were
carried out using a tracer of retrograde transport (fast blue, 2%) or biodextran
(bidirectional tracer). The photomicrographies were obtained with an optical
(Axiophot, Zeiss)." N.C. Coimbra, M.D., PhD. http://www.epub.org.br/cm/gallery/gall_coimbra/fig11.htm.
was thought: F. Capra, The Web of Life. New
York, 1996. p.283.
sculpture: The sculptor is Vern Luce.
of old Tibet who were trained to run 48 hours, covering as much as
200 miles a day, without stopping. Their training consisted of years
of seated meditation, visualization techniques, and exercises in breath
control. Then the monks trained to literally follow a star by concentrating
on it. In this way, they were able to lope over the land, almost flying,
in a trance.
smile playing: "Amid all the panting, a
dog at play makes a distinctive, breathy exhalation that can
playfulness in other dogs, says a Nevada researcher. Yes, it
might be the dog version of a laugh. 'To an untrained human
ear, it sounds
much like a pant, "'hhuh,
hhuh,'" says Patricia Simonet of Sierra Nevada College in Lake
Tahoe. However, this exhalation bursts into a broader range of frequencies
regular dog panting, Simonet discovered when she and her students analyzed
recordings...Yet another student of play, Marc Bekoff of the University of
Colorado in Boulder,
says he thinks he knows the panting sound Simonet describes. 'When I get
down on all fours and go up to dogs and go ''hhuhahhuhahhuh,'' they get very
he says. 'Whether it turns out to be like a laugh or not doesn't matter in
the end, because what's important are all the questions it opens up about
work.'" S. Milius, "Don't look now, but is
that dog laughing?" http://www.sciencenews.org/20010728/fob9.asp
Balch Creek: Named after Danford Balch,
the first Oregonian to be legally hung for murder.
bridge-maker; the Pope.
a metaphor: D. Parsons, "Flâneur Or Flâneuse?
Mythologies of Modernity." New
Formations #38. Summer 1999. p.92.
cells: J.A. Hobson. The Chemistry of Consciousness.
Boston, MA., 1994. New York,
amines: "The amines' role in the pons is to decide
what to do with messages that are generated within the cells there.
They decide to respond or not to respond, to record or not to record,
store or not to store." Ibid., p.59.
Hood: At 11,235 ft. above sea level, Mt. Hood is the
fourth highest mountain in the Cascade Range. Its base spreads
over 92 mile. Its peak contains eleven glaciers.
principle of the modern suspension bridge seems to have originated
in a region of
the Himalayas, where a bridge builder "threw over the chasm two parallel
cables; from these he hung vertical suspenders made of thinner rope which carried
the roadway platform...It represents a great advance in culture, for it is not
merely an improvement
upon natural bridges: it is actually a new idea." D.B. Steinman and S.R.
Bridges and Their Builders. New York, 1941. p.20.
Mazziotta, et al., "Atlases of the Human Brain." In, S.H.
Koslow and M.F.
Huerta Editors, Neuroinfomatics. Mahwah, NJ., 1997. p.255.
fire: Mt. Hood was born in the late Pleistocene Era.
It's last eruption was in 1907. Scientist believe a major eruption
is likely to occur during sometime the next 75 years. In May 1980,
Mt. St. Helens, also visible from Portland, blew its top.
signals: J.A. Hobson, "Order From Chaos." In, R. Conlan,
of Mind. New York 1999. p.191.
Visiting Yuan Chen
with Li and Yu
Li, Yu, and I dreamt
through Ch'ang-an's April sky,
where even flowers say Hello.
Yuan Chen was sitting
in the Western Court.
Old friends meeting here, unhitched to time,
come fleeting hand-in-hand, faces glowing
from memory's wine.
-J.Weishaus. From, "Five Spring Poems From Po Chü-1."
recall: As brain tissue has no feeling, most operation
are conducted with the patient awake. "In one such operation,
the patient jerked her head backwards causing the surgeon's probe
to enter some three centimeters into the pons. She immediately
became unconscious for about ten to fifteen seconds and later reported
that her past life had
flashed before her." G.R. Taylor, The Natural History of the Mind.
J. Clottes and D. Lewis-Williams, The Shamans of Prehistory.
New York, 1996. Another approach are the experiments in trance-postures
carried out by Felicitas D.
Goodman. (F.D. Goodman, Where the Spirits Ride the Wind. Bloomington,
See her interpretation of the "well scene" at Lascaux, pp. 20-3.
dreams: "In the famous well scene in the Lascaux
cave, painted 18,000 years ago by our Cro-Magnon ancestors, we
see a sleeping man with his arms outstretched, apparently sleeping
soundly, and with a full erection. A bird is perched beside him.
In front of him are a wounded bison, with its entrails hanging
out, and a broken spear. According to some prehistorians this is
a scene related to shamanism. But I can think of another interpretation.
The association of erection or prostrate figure with a bird might
provide a clue to the interpretation of this cave painting. I assume
that our ancestors were capable of observation and that they had
already noticed periods of erection during the night, in infants
as in old men. Maybe they had related these intuitively to
dreaming." M. Jouvet, The Paradox of Sleep: The Story of Dreaming.
Cambridge, MA., 1999. p.170.