thalamic cells reverberate at two cycles per second, the brain
is in a state of deep sleep. At 10 cycles per second, the human
brain is awake but not paying attention to the outside world. And
at 40 cycles cycles per second it is either wide awake or vividly
dreaming." P. 236 S. Blakeslee, "How the Brain
Might Work: A New Theory
of Consciousness." (March 1995) In, N. Gade, Editor, The Science Times
The Brain. New York, 1998. p.236.
were nine "Malic Moulds". How did they come? I did a drawing, in 1913,
in which there were eight - the ninth wasn't yet there. It came six months later.
The idea is amusing because they are moulds. And to mould what? Gas. That is,
gas is introduced into the moulds, where it takes the shape of the soldier, the
department-store delivery boy, the cuirassier, the policeman, the priest, the
station master, etc., which are inscribed on my drawing. Each is built on a common
horizontal plane, where lines intersect at the point of their sex. All that helped
me realize the glass entitled "Nine Malic
Moulds", which was made in 1914-1915. The mould side is invisible." M.
From Dialogues with Marcel Duchamp: Interview with Pierre Cabanne.
New York, 1971. pp.48-9. In all, the moulds represent a priest, delivery
cavalryman, policeman, undertaker, servant/flunky, busboy/waiter's
assistant, and a
is amazing how few persons asked themselves why a loss of semen in
masturbation should be harmful while a loss of semen in coitus should
have no ill-effect; no one grasped the concept that if masturbation
were harmful, marriage would by the same token be
suicidal." P. Gedhard, et al., Sex Offenders. New York, 1965. p.503.
the Hippocratic model, the nervous system is a set of very fine tubes
through which circulate the somata hormonta or corps excitent.
This circulating essence is a psycho-physical vital fluidum described in many
ways and given many names in subsequent centuries. It was linked by Galen to
his theory of the four humours and their nourishment and replenishment. This
'animal' or 'vital spirit' has always been ambiguously psycho-physical, at times
described as an actual fluid, at times
as an immaterial flow." J. Hillman, "Towards the Archetypal Model for
Masturbation Inhibition." In, Loose Ends. Dallas, TX. 1975. p.109.
"The hydrodynamic model of circulation
goes back to the dawn of thought in China and foretells the discovery
of the circulation of the blood, Similar expressions are the 'circular
thrust' (periousis) in Plato's Timaeus, prana in
Indian psycho-physiology, the notion of breath in Avicenna, the essence
of which circulates in The Secret of the Golden Flower.
Freud's notion of the libido, of the damning by repression and channeling
by the ego, of its special connection with the sexual instinct--even
sexual fluids--is a modern restatement of the same archetypal hydrodynamic
model of the psyche." (Ibid.).
illuminating gas: The
illuminating gas is "continuously transformed-from gas to solid
to liquid and finally to an optical quality with no physical dimension
whatsoever-by various types of equipment including molds, tubes, sieves,
and charts." D. Joselit, Infinite Regress: Marcel Duchamp,
1910-1941. Cambridge, MA., 1998. p.114.
mood disorders: "The
myth proceeds in a nonlinear way, rhythmically. laying out an irrational
path of development./ The goddess keeps shifting, gaining knowledge
and losing it, embodying power and not knowing what her power is, transforming
the death experience and falling back into depression and grief around
it. She shifts back and forth, embodies and suffers the pain of ignorance
she has denounced while moving deeper and deeper into the transformative
power that pain will draw forth." K. Carlson, Life's Daughter/Death's
Boston, MA., 1997. p.31.
his bride: "That
the connection between marriage and death is in the nature of things,
is indicated by the fact that, according to ancient experience, a marriage
in a dream means a death, and a death in a dream means a marriage.
This correspondence is explained by the fact that any given union presupposes
an extinction of the earlier, still differentiated, state. In the marriage
of man and woman, each gives up part of his or her independence, whereas,
the other way round, death (which in the first instance is a separation)
is followed by the union of the body with the earth and of the soul
with its original essence. On 'chemical marriage' Quicksilver (female)
takes unto itself Sulphur (male), and Sulphur, Quicksilver. Both forces
'die', as foes and lovers. Then the changing and reflective moon of
the soul unites with the immutable sun of the spirit so that it is
extinguished, and yet illumined,
at one and the same time." T. Burckhardt, Alchemy. Dorset, England,
to return: When
the hypothalamus becomes is aware of a problem it sends neural signals
to the autonomic system - the (lateral) hypothalamus projects to the
(lateral) medulla, where the cells that drive the autonomic systems
are located. These include the parasympathetic vagal nuclei and a group
of cells that descend to the sympathetic system in the spinal cord.
In this way, the hypothalamus controls heart rate, vasoconstriction,
returning the system to homeostasis.
bachelors transform raw materials like gas or chocolate to produce
splashes--explosions--but the bride blossoms. She is not alienated in
the manner of the bachelors, who are fueled upon 'not them,' but the price she
pays for her
tautological blossoming is immensurability, her ultimate inaccessibility." Joselit.
thalamus is a particularly interesting centre because of its connectivity
and its obligatory involvement in all types of consciousness....neurons
in the thalamic reticular network are GABAergic. This is not to suggest
that the thalamus is the centre of consciousness, but I would like
to see evidence of any consciousness event that does not have circuits
passing through the thalamus." D.Friend. email@example.com.
Jun 1999. (Journal of Consciousness Studies.)