the seeds: W.I. Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies
Take to Light. New York, 1981. p.132.
walk beneath: The
cerebellum is involved in the coordination of voluntary motor movement,
balance and equilibrium and muscle tone. Located just above the
brain stem and toward the back of the brain, it is relatively well
from trauma. Injury to this area can result in sluggish and uncoordinated
movements, swaying and staggering when walking.
memory of the goddess known to the Romans as Ceres (Greek: Demeter)
was possibly the result of ancient encounters with the Celestial Hierarchy
of Ascended and Cosmic Beings. Their mythology had descended from the
elder days and dim memories of earth's first three Golden Ages. After
thousands of years, however, the gods and goddesses assumed human characteristics
in the minds of the people because of the degeneration of their faculties
of inner sight and their tendency toward idolatry. Therefore, what
is presently ascribed to the mythological Ceres may or may not reflect
the actuality of the true Ascended
Being." Pearls of Wisdom, Vol. 21, No. 24 Malibu, CA.,1978 p. 118.
is a daughter of Saturn and Ops. She is the goddess of grain, the giver
of law, and
presider over birth. marriage, and death.
with the Greek Demeter, "Farmers viewed her as the source of all
food and kept her rites faithfully, for fear of crop failure. This
was true not only of Roman farmers but even of Christian farmers. Ceres's
greatest annual festival, the Cerealia, was celebrated in the British
Isles almost to the present day." B.G. Walker, Woman's Encyclopedia
of Myths and Secrets, New York, 1983., p.158.
simply—but likely, for some, quite surprisingly—the facts
reviewed in the hypothesis militate the conclusion that the cerebellum
'little brain'; the 'arbor vitae') is, if not in fact the 'seat
of the soul' then, at least, is the heart of the matter. "Heart" of
what? Heart of "thinking" (and perhaps of "consciousness" itself).
Heart of sleep. Heart of appetite and "feeding". Heart
of memory, and "attention". Perhaps heart of 'motivation'
(or 'drive'; 'volition'; 'impetus'; 'energy'; 'will'). Heart, of
of movement, posture, balance and muscle tonus....'Heart' is a
little strong. 'Central' is not. What separates what some may see
(heart/central) is -- subtlety. Indeed, the working title of the
hypothesis once simply read: 'The Cerebellum as Central'. With
'Subtly Central' became
more apt." P.R. Celsus, http://www-personal.umich.edu/~prcelsus/central.html
output of the cerebellum is excitatory, while the basal ganglia are
inhibitory. The balance between these two systems allows for smooth,
coordinated movement, and a disturbance in either system will show
up as movement disorders." http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html
hexagonal heads: From
Canada's Globe and Mail: "Since 1993, the students
at Glasgow Anarchist summer school have been playing three-sided soccer.
The game, designed by a Danish artist, is played on a hexagonal field.
Unlike conventional two-sided soccer, which the anarchists describe
as a "homoerotic, psychosexual drama," the gentler three-sided
game involves negotiations and alliances during the match. Team members
beg and threaten one of the other teams to join their assault on the
third, says the London Observer. Because of duplicitous tactics, such
as claiming to be on the side of both the other teams, and the fact
that anarchist soccer teams don't wear conventional uniforms and can
pretend to be on another side, the game can become very cerebral."
the virtues: "The
beauty of Pleistocene 'work' is that as such it hardly exists in the
sense of the modern concept of labor and hourly drudgery. The work
week is about seventeen hours, and although carrying meat or wood to
camp may have its tedious moments, most of the hunting and gathering
activities, as well as dancing and games, exercise those muscle and
coordination complexes that we now see as beneficial exercise. Running
evident." P. Shepard, Coming Home to the Pleistocene. Washington,
is good among the !Kung San in terms of diet as well as social
relationships. They eat 80 of the 262 species of animals they know,
but with no effect
on the animal populations. James V. Neel observes 'The high level
of maternally derived antibodies, early exposure to pathogens, the
period of lactation, and the generally excellent nutritional status
of the child make it possible for a relatively smooth
transition from passive to active immunity to many of the agents
of disease to
which he is exposed.'" Ibid., p.72; J.V. Neel, "Lessons
Primitive People." Science, 20 November 1970. p.818.
to the rain: "Pliny
writes to his architect Mustius that in compliance with the advice
of the haruspices, he is intending to repair and rebuild a
temple of Ceres which stands on his estate. The tone in which he announces
this proposal indicated less veneration for the goddess than solicitude
for the faithful. He anticipates that he will require a new Ceres,
'for age has maimed parts of the ancient wooden one which stands there
at present.' His major concern, however, is the erection of a colonnade
near the sanctuary: 'great numbers of people from all the country round
assemble there, and many cows are paid and offered; but their is no
shelter hard by against rain or sun." J. Carcopino, Daily
Life in Ancient Rome.
New Haven, CT., 1967. pp.124-25.
if we enlarge: http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html
Matisse, 1942. Letter to André Rouveyre.
want to suggest that the neuroanatomical evidence of massively altered
brain proportions and the anthropological and clinical evidence for
universality of symbol learning across a wide spectrum of circumstances
indicate that the human brain has been significantly over-built for
learning symbolic associations. Human brain structure is an exaggerated
reflection--a caricature almost--of the special demands imposed by
symbol learning, but
for fail-safe symbol learning." T.W. Deacon, The Symbolic Species. New
controversy surrounds the mundus; its appearance, exact location, and
origins are all open to debate. Nevertheless, the literary evidence
shows that the mundus represented a threshold between the world of
the living and that of the dead, and that Ceres is the divinity associated
with this liminal; structure." B.S. Spaeth, The Roman Goddess
Ceres. Austin, TX., 1996. p.63.
"To the Greek and the Romans, the
purpose of (opening the mundus) was to propitiate the dead by allowing
them briefly to visit the world of the living; in this way, it
was thought, they would remain content throughout the rest of the
year and cause no trouble for the living. The rupturing of the boundary
between the living and the dead in the end serves to reinforce that
boundary." Ibid.; p.65.
defines the uncanny as 'that class of the terrifying which leads back
to something long known to us, once very familiar,' a specific instance
of the return of the repressed. Often it arises where the boundary
between living and nonliving is blurred, where the subject 'doubts
whether an apparently animate being is really alive; or conversely,
whether a lifeless object might not in fact animate.' Why is this disturbing?
Because we have repressed that idea of our own mortality, but the uncanny
haunts us with the spectre of death. The appearance of life in the
nonliving threatens us with the possibility of the intrusion of death
into life." A. Gravois, Rhizome Contentbase 5.25.97.
is an Anglo-Saxon term from a verbal form 'to dog.' which originally
meant 'to guard.' It is the term hound that is the English form of
an extremely widespread morpheme whose universality may be ascribed
either to the domesticated dog's introduction into Eurasian cultures
from a single central Asian source, or to the onomatopoetic sound of
the dog's bark. Whatever the case, the word for hound is etymologically
quite constant not only among Ero-European languages, but also in the
Semitic languages and throughout the languages of Central Asia, from
Hungary to Tartary, or perhaps even in Chinese." D.G.
White, Myths of the Dog-Man. Chicago, IL., 1991. p.13.
for Neuroscience. http://www.sfn.org/backgrounders/cerebellum.html
appearance is claimed as the face of reality, of things-as-they-are,
apparition is the emergence of things-as-they-could be. However, our
insight into the ways in which reality is constructed in our consciousness,
leaves us in no doubt that the processes of apparition are authentic
and that appearance is a fraud. Representation in art was always essentially
mendacious, illusory, and counterfeit. The mirror always lies." Roy
Ascott, "From Appearance to Apparition: Communications and Culture
Cybersphere." Leonardo Electronic Almanac. No.2, 1993.
the folds: "The
cerebellum ('little brain') has convolutions similar to those of cerebral
cortex, only the folds are much smaller. Like the cerebrum, the cerebellum
has an outer cortex, an inner white matter, and deep nuclei below the
depression: "High up in the cerebellar
cortex are the big nerves cells called Purkinje cells. They participate
in the process of learning new motor skills. During learning, the glutamate
receptors which cover these Purkinje cells undergo a curious change.
On previous occasions, when glutamate had been release onto its receptors,
these large cells would have become excited by it. But now, during
motor learning, a local depression occurs. Where? At the site of certain
of these former glutamate excitations. So that now, as part of motor
learning, the big Purkinje cells become less excitable than before,
even during the first training session. This local 'learning' depression
can last for as long as ten minutes. Later phases can persist for several
hours." J.H. Austin, Zen of the Brain. Cambridge, MA.,
In the course: B.
Frissell. Preface to L. Orr, Breaking the Death Habit. Berkeley,
climbing vines: "cells
in the olive have axons that pass to the contralateral cerebellum
as climbing fibers. These fibers go to all parts of the cerebellum,
that is, they are not restricted to a particular zone. The drawing
above shows that a climbing fiber sends a collateral to
deep cerebellar nuclei, which is excitatory, and then "climbs" up
and like ivy, entwines and synapses all over the dendrites of the Purkinje cell.
Each Purkinje cell receives input from only 1 climbing fiber axon, but each climbing
fiber axon can split to
enervate several Purkinje cells. These climbing
synapses are excitatory. Since climbing fibers have
synapses all over the dendritic tree of a Purkinje cell, their total
excitatory action is extremely strong. In fact, the synaptic connection
climbing fiber and the Purkinje cell is one of the most powerful in
system." "Cerebellum - Circuitry - Climbing - Fibers Circuitry."
Cro-Magnon art: "the
main technique of Cro-Magnon art...involved not brushes but a kind
of oral spray-painting: blowing pigment dissolved in saliva on the
wall...Spitting is a way of projecting yourself onto the wall, becoming
one with the horse you are painting. Thus the action melds with the
myth. Perhaps the shamans did this as a way of passing into the world
beyond." M. Lorbianchet. Director, National Center of Scientific
Research. Paris, France.
a Jewish practice: V.J.
Smith, The Human Hand in Primitive Art. Austin, TX., 1925.
dogs hesitate: "When
the British writer Horace Walpole crossed the Alps en route to Rome
in about 1740, he took with him his King Charles Spaniel, named Tory.
He incautiously let Tory out of the carriage to relieve himself, whereupon
Tory was eaten by a wolf." H. Kenner, The
Elsewhere Community. New York, 2000. p.130.
people have a tree planted in their head, but the brain itself is much
grass..." G. Deleuze & F. Guattari. On the Line, NY, 1983.
the vestibulocerebellum: M. Salmon, "Cerebellum
The Cerebellum." http://www.science.mcmaster.ca/Biology/4S03/cerebellum.html
first two: "The
cerebellum is likely to be important in long-term memory storage; a
great deal of evidence indicates that one of its major functions is
to back up the cortex regarding motor activities. Thus the cerebellum
might contain, in motor language, duplicate action plans (memories)
of virtually all our activities, both executed or fantasized." F.M.
and D.M. Vuckovich, "Brain Plasticity, Learning and Psychoanalysis." In,
Levin, Mapping the Mind. Hillsdale, NY., 1991. p.76.
around my fire: "The
circle is the oldest, most universal symbol of Deity, from the stationary
disc representing the Sun God, to the great turning Wheel of the Universe,
representing both the Creator and the Created, where everything in
the Cosmos finds its appointed p[lace. This is the greatest of Amerindian
Mandalas, corresponding to the Hindu Mandala...The Mexican Great Calendar
Stone, the Egyptian Lotus, the Alchemists' Flower of Gold, Dante's
Mystical Rose, the Zodiacal Circle, the Round Table of the Arthurian
Knights, and the Great Medicine Wheel of the Indians represent the
same truths." E. Eaton, Snowy
Earth Comes Gliding. Independence, CA., 1974.
a connection: B.S.
Spaeth, The Roman Goddess Ceres. Austin, TX., 1996. p.17
the pig: "When the earth yawned
and the girl sank down it happened that a herd of pigs fell in the
chasm too. The pig, which is sacred to Demeter (Ceres), was sacrificed
her in many agrarian fertility rites. At the
Thesmophoria, the woman's festival held near Eleusis,
three women buried a pig; later, its remains were uncovered and placed on the
altar with grain
and scattered on the field with seed corn." N. Hall, The Moon & The
Virgin: Reflections on the Archetypal Feminine. New York, 1980. pp.80-1.
it would seem: C.
Rausch and J.B. Ashbrook, Where God Lives in the Brain. Naperville,
Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili was born on December 21, 1879 in the small
Russian town of Gori, Georgia. When he was 11years old, his father
died from wounds received in a bar-room brawl. In 1898 Iosif joined
a secret group called the Mesame Dasi, which were nationalistic and
socialistic supporters. On April 18, 1902, Iosif was arrested, and
sent into exile in Siberia, from which he escaped. A few years before
World War I, Dzhugashvili, a journalist, began to use the pen-name
Stalin, "Man of Steel."
On April 11, 1917, Joseph Stalin was elected to the Bolshevik Partys
main committee. He backed Lenin throughout his campaign the overthrow of the
Imperial government, even though he played only a minor role in the actual
revolution. After Lenin's death, Stalin gained dictatorial power, and set out
to make Russia a modern nation by forming collective farms, ordering many of
the wealthier peasants to be killed, deported, or sentenced to labor camps,
from which over half of the prisoners never returned. Then he began to execute
military leaders, political figures, poets, anybody who disagreed with his
policies. After his second wife committed suicide, writing a letter that attacked
personal and his political life, Stalin became utterly paranoid.
At the outbreak of World War II, Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Adolf
Hitler. However, when Hitler violated this pact in 1941, Russia joined the
Allies against Germany and maintained a close diplomatic relationship with
Allied nations. Joseph Stalin died on
March 5, 1953.
glancing at her: Damage
to the cerebellum can produce: loss of coordination of motor movement
the inability to judge distance and when to stop (dysmetria); the inability
perform rapid alternating movements (adiadochokinesia); movement tremors
(intention tremor); staggering, wide based walking (ataxic gait); tendency toward
falling; weak muscles (hypotonia); slurred speech (ataxic dysarthria), and abnormal
the figuration: P.
Klossowski, The Women of Rome. Boston, MA., 1990. p.91.
("Earth"), associated with Ceres, had a temple on the Forum
Pacis, in Rome,
built in 268 BCE. At her festival, the Fordicidia, held on April 15,
cows were sacrificed. On January 24 - 26 the Sementivae were held in
honor of Tellus and Ceres. During these days the two goddesses were called upon
for protection of
the sower and the seed.
muddy etymology: "Sow," from
the Greek sau, Latin sus, swine, pig; and from the
Greek saat, seed, and the Latin serere to scatter,
so to plant or
scatter seed, in English, bares two attributes of Ceres.
the promoter of bread and guardian of sacred laws, Ceres was the protectoress
of the common people in their early struggles for liberation under
the Roman Empire." M.
Sjöö and B. Mor, The Great Cosmic Mother. San Francisco, CA., 1987.
they are aware: "Like
when a flower opens and reveals the heart it doesn't have." A.
this dream: "Cells
in the cerebellum fire continuously throughout periods of waking and
sleeping and are very active during REM sleep, even though actual changes
in posture and most movement (except the eyes and some facial twitching)
are inhibited. Instead, we experience fictive movement and imaginary
posture changes in our dreams, the constant animation that typifies
most dreams Not surprisingly, given what we know about the cerebellum's
role during waking states, neurobiologists tend to think all this REM
activity in the cerebellum must have influence on the development and
maintenance of the motor system
and motor memories." J.A. Hobson, Order From Chaos." In, R. Conlan,
of Mind. New York, 1999. pp.191-92.
one thinks of portals, one is mindful of an implied barrier. The distinction
between inside and outside bears a number of connotations cross-culturally:
known/unknown, safety/danger, sacred/profane. As Victor
Turner states, portals define thresholds and liminality presenting new
possibilities for being. G.F. Macdonald, et al., Mirrors, Portals, and Multiple
Realities." Zygon, (March 1989.) p.40.
ruled Rome through her sacred matronae, during that lost period of
four centuries before 200 B.C., a period whose written records were
destroyed by later patriarchal historians, leaving only a residue of
myths and religious customs that were
only vaguely explained." B.G. Walker, Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and
Secrets. New York, 1983. p.158.
Alzheimer's Disease: "Psychologic
disturbances, and those diseases affecting the nervous system, are
perhaps the next most (after those of the endocrine system) commonly
encountered clinical situations which are associated with predictable
physical effects in the hands." Theodore J. Berry, M.D., The
Hands as a Mirror of Systemic Disease. F.A. Davis Co., Philadelphia.
without speaking: "A
Ch'an monastery like Puu Jih. with its thirteen monks, was Buddha's
boot camp, a place where you went to get empty. Rough brown robes.
A spare, unheated cell. Poor food. Hard work. Duty. Tedious unrelenting
practice. And finally high atop a mountain, at the end of a dangerous,
torturous climb, in a freezing cave, a barefoot maniac, a fierce saint,
a Buddha, your teacher was waiting not to talk to you." G. Crane, Bones
the Master. New York, 2000. p.130.
Nazi use of the swastika has stained the symbol's reputation for a
long damned time. Hitler's adoption of the swastika is logical when
looked at in a historical context. A few German magickal groups in
the late 1800's started to adopt the swastika. The symbol was the pagan
sign for the
German Thunder God Donner (or Thor). Wilhelm Schwaner displayed a swastika
on the title page of 'Der Volkserzieher' in 1897, an early 'volkisch' periodical.
These periodicals were designed to instill their readers with German and Nordic
pride. After this, the Swastika started to appear often on Volkisch periodicals
and other items meant to signify racial and national pride. The German generation
that fought in World War I saw
swastikas. After World War I, the swastika was taken up by dissident and
militant groups, and its darker implications started to develop. Dr. Friedrich
Krohn designed the classic Nazi Swastika in 1919. Unlike the rest of Germany,
Dr. Krohn acknowledged the ancient Buddhist use of the symbol, and argued that
the Nazi Swastika should point 'anti-clock-wise' because to Buddhists this signifies
'fortune and well-being'. Hitler demanded that the Nazi Swastika point 'clock-wise',
which to Buddhists signifies
'cessation' or 'away from God'. http://heathenworld.com/swastika/history.html.
According to Joseph Campbell, the earliest known swastika was found near Kiev,
in the Ukraine,
carved into mammoth ivory. (J. Campbell, The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology.
New York, 1987. p.257.)
ancient symbol: "One
of the oldest and most complex of symbols, prehistoric and universal
except for parts of Africa and Sumeria; found extensively in all Asia
and the pre-Aryan Indis Valley civilization, used widely by Jaina,
Buddhists and devotees of Vishnu; general in Pre-Columbian America,
both North and South...It's exact symbolism, however, is unknown. J.C.
Cooper, An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Symbols.
Ceres: The English word "cereal" is
Ceres. (From Latin cerealis, "of grain", from "Ceres".)
Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Boston,
neural canals: "The
nervous system runs on sodium ions, potassium ions, and chloride ions.
If sodium and potassium move in, they excite the synapse. If chloride
ions flow in, they inhibit
it." Ion channels look like "a funnel and a gate large enough to pass
one ion at a time. The inner wall of the channel is made up of what look like
five barrel staves, which tilt in to close the channel. When the transmitter
binds to the receptor, the staves untilt and the channel opens. At least this
is one theory. The actual mechanism remains a
mystery." B. Sakmann, "Brain Cells at Work." In, T.A. Bass, Reinventing
the Future: Conversations with the World's Leading Scientists. Reading,
not declared: Nondeclarative
memory, represented by performance, influences changes in behavior
originate from experiences, without consciousness recollection.
may at first appear surprising that monsters had not already received
their visual shape in the imagination of the earliest human communities
but that the conscious creation of such creatures is a product of the
earliest known civilizations, as far as we can now tell, in the period
around 3000 B.C. The first pictorial records of monsters are to be
found in that period in Egypt and Mesopotamia and, perhaps a little
later, in India, in the civilizations of what is called the ancient
Near East. The representation of monsters was later to reach its most
flourishing period in classical Greece, in ancient Italy and to a lesser
extent in the Roman period." H. Mode, Fabulous Beasts and Demons.
London, England, 1973..
of modernity: "But much more extensive has always
been the effect of the ruins of Rome. Rome is accessible; its progressive
ruining has been observed closely, and without intermission, by
citizens and travellers for nearly two thousand years. Rome's fame,
her power and glory, her secular and religious authority, created
a mystique necessarily unique; Rome in ruins is a symbol of a lost
world; the emotional impact is intense.Age by age, piece by piece,
history falls with Rome; age by age, piece by piece, history rises
as Rome rises;
it is the tale of Western historical man."" R. Macaulay, Pleasure
Ruins. New York, 1967. p.165.
it is suggested: J.
Bisso. Invent-L, University of Florida, Gainesville.
Line: Built from 1930 to1937,
consisting of 87 miles of underground forts facing Germany, the Maginot Line,
named after the French Minister of Defense, was thought to be impregnable. Above
ground were tank traps, barbed wire, pill-boxes, and rows of gun walled in concrete10
feet thick. But when the German's began their attack, and their tanks easily
outmaneuvered the French emplacements, it quickly became evident that the age
static warfare was over.
fibers are one of two main sources of input to the cerebellar cortex.
A mossy fiber is an axon
terminal that ends in a large, bulbous swelling." an outer cortex, an inner
white matter, and deep nuclei below the white matter.
spirits: "The Cerebel (cerebellum) is a peculiar
fountain of animal Spirits designed for some works, wholly distinct
from the Brain. Within the Brain...all the spontaneous motions,
to wit, of which we are knowing and willing, are performed...But
the Spirits inhabiting the Cerebel perform unperceivedly and silently
their works of Nature without our knowledge or
care." T. Willis, Cerebi anatome: cui nevorum descripto et usus.
cerebellum's role is largely anticipatory, based upon learning and
previous experience, and also upon preliminary, highly digested sensory
from some of the association cortex...." J. Eccles. In, J. Massion and K.
Editors, Cerebro-Cerebellar Interactions. Amsterdam, The Netherlands,
the process of individulation very often the same problems comes up
again and again; they seem to be settled, but after a while they reappear.
If we look at that negatively, we are discouraged, saying here it is
again, the same old thing, but when looked at more closely one generally
sees the circulatio, for it has simply reappeared on another
level." M-L von Franz, Alchemy. Toronto, Canada, 1980.