as the seeds: W.I. Thompson, The Time Falling Bodies Take to Light. New York, 1981. p.132.

walk beneath: The cerebellum is involved in the coordination of voluntary motor movement, balance and equilibrium and muscle tone. Located just above the brain stem and toward the back of the brain, it is relatively well protected from trauma. Injury to this area can result in sluggish and uncoordinated movements, swaying and staggering when walking.

high-relief: "The memory of the goddess known to the Romans as Ceres (Greek: Demeter) was possibly the result of ancient encounters with the Celestial Hierarchy of Ascended and Cosmic Beings. Their mythology had descended from the elder days and dim memories of earth's first three Golden Ages. After thousands of years, however, the gods and goddesses assumed human characteristics in the minds of the people because of the degeneration of their faculties of inner sight and their tendency toward idolatry. Therefore, what is presently ascribed to the mythological Ceres may or may not reflect the actuality of the true Ascended Being." Pearls of Wisdom, Vol. 21, No. 24 Malibu, CA.,1978 p. 118.

prosplt.gif (5746 bytes)

Ceres: Ceres is a daughter of Saturn and Ops. She is the goddess of grain, the giver of law, and presider over birth. marriage, and death.

planting: Identified with the Greek Demeter, "Farmers viewed her as the source of all food and kept her rites faithfully, for fear of crop failure. This was true not only of Roman farmers but even of Christian farmers. Ceres's greatest annual festival, the Cerealia, was celebrated in the British Isles almost to the present day." B.G. Walker, Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets, New York, 1983., p.158.


heart: Quite simply—but likely, for some, quite surprisingly—the facts reviewed in the hypothesis militate the conclusion that the cerebellum (the 'little brain'; the 'arbor vitae') is, if not in fact the 'seat of the soul' then, at least, is the heart of the matter. "Heart" of what? Heart of "thinking" (and perhaps of "consciousness" itself). Heart of sleep. Heart of appetite and "feeding". Heart of memory, and "attention". Perhaps heart of 'motivation' (or 'drive'; 'volition'; 'impetus'; 'energy'; 'will'). Heart, of course, of movement, posture, balance and muscle tonus....'Heart' is a little strong. 'Central' is not. What separates what some may see as synonyms (heart/central) is -- subtlety. Indeed, the working title of the hypothesis once simply read: 'The Cerebellum as Central'. With more appreciation, 'Subtly Central' became more apt." P.R. Celsus, http://www-personal.umich.edu/~prcelsus/central.html

excited: "The output of the cerebellum is excitatory, while the basal ganglia are inhibitory. The balance between these two systems allows for smooth, coordinated movement, and a disturbance in either system will show up as movement disorders." http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html

hexagonal heads: From Canada's Globe and Mail:  "Since 1993, the students at Glasgow Anarchist summer school have been playing three-sided soccer. The game, designed by a Danish artist, is played on a hexagonal field. Unlike conventional two-sided soccer, which the anarchists describe as a "homoerotic, psychosexual drama," the gentler three-sided game involves negotiations and alliances during the match. Team members beg and threaten one of the other teams to join their assault on the third, says the London Observer. Because of duplicitous tactics, such as claiming to be on the side of both the other teams, and the fact that anarchist soccer teams don't wear conventional uniforms and can pretend to be on another side, the game can become very cerebral."

the virtues: "The beauty of Pleistocene 'work' is that as such it hardly exists in the sense of the modern concept of labor and hourly drudgery. The work week is about seventeen hours, and although carrying meat or wood to camp may have its tedious moments, most of the hunting and gathering activities, as well as dancing and games, exercise those muscle and coordination complexes that we now see as beneficial exercise. Running is particularly evident." P. Shepard, Coming Home to the Pleistocene. Washington, D.C., 1998. p.73.

"Health is good among the !Kung San in terms of diet as well as social relationships. They eat 80 of the 262 species of animals they know, but with no effect on the animal populations. James V. Neel observes 'The high level of maternally derived antibodies, early exposure to pathogens, the prolonged period of lactation, and the generally excellent nutritional status of the child make it possible for a relatively smooth transition from passive to active immunity to many of the agents of disease to which he is exposed.'" Ibid., p.72; J.V. Neel, "Lessons From a Primitive People." Science, 20 November 1970. p.818.

to the rain: "Pliny writes to his architect Mustius that in compliance with the advice of the haruspices, he is intending to repair and rebuild a temple of Ceres which stands on his estate. The tone in which he announces this proposal indicated less veneration for the goddess than solicitude for the faithful. He anticipates that he will require a new Ceres, 'for age has maimed parts of the ancient wooden one which stands there at present.' His major concern, however, is the erection of a colonnade near the sanctuary: 'great numbers of people from all the country round assemble there, and many cows are paid and offered; but their is no shelter hard by against rain or sun." J. Carcopino, Daily Life in Ancient Rome. New Haven, CT., 1967. pp.124-25.

if we enlarge: http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html

everything:  H. Matisse, 1942. Letter to André Rouveyre.

symbolically: "I want to suggest that the neuroanatomical evidence of massively altered brain proportions and the anthropological and clinical evidence for universality of symbol learning across a wide spectrum of circumstances indicate that the human brain has been significantly over-built for learning symbolic associations. Human brain structure is an exaggerated reflection--a caricature almost--of the special demands imposed by symbol learning, but for fail-safe symbol learning." T.W. Deacon, The Symbolic Species. New York, 1997. p.413.

mundus: "Much controversy surrounds the mundus; its appearance, exact location, and origins are all open to debate. Nevertheless, the literary evidence shows that the mundus represented a threshold between the world of the living and that of the dead, and that Ceres is the divinity associated with this liminal; structure." B.S. Spaeth, The Roman Goddess Ceres. Austin, TX., 1996. p.63.

"To the Greek and the Romans, the purpose of (opening the mundus) was to propitiate the dead by allowing them briefly to visit the world of the living; in this way,  it was thought, they would remain content throughout the rest of the year and cause no trouble for the living. The rupturing of the boundary between the living and the dead in the end serves to reinforce that boundary." Ibid.; p.65.

uncannily: "Freud defines the uncanny as 'that class of the terrifying which leads back to something long known to us, once very familiar,' a specific instance of the return of the repressed. Often it arises where the boundary between living and nonliving is blurred, where the subject 'doubts whether an apparently animate being is really alive; or conversely, whether a lifeless object might not in fact animate.' Why is this disturbing? Because we have repressed that idea of our own mortality, but the uncanny haunts us with the spectre of death. The appearance of life in the nonliving threatens us with the possibility of the intrusion of death into life." A. Gravois, Rhizome Contentbase 5.25.97. www.rhizome.org

hounds: "Dog is an Anglo-Saxon term from a verbal form 'to dog.' which originally meant 'to guard.' It is the term hound that is the English form of an extremely widespread morpheme whose universality may be ascribed either to the domesticated dog's introduction into Eurasian cultures from a single central Asian source, or to the onomatopoetic sound of the dog's bark. Whatever the case, the word for hound is etymologically quite constant not only among Ero-European languages, but also in the Semitic languages and throughout the languages of Central Asia, from Hungary to Tartary, or perhaps even in Chinese." D.G. White, Myths of the Dog-Man. Chicago, IL., 1991. p.13.

interact: Society for Neuroscience. http://www.sfn.org/backgrounders/cerebellum.html

mirrors: "If appearance is claimed as the face of reality, of things-as-they-are, apparition is the emergence of things-as-they-could be. However, our insight into the ways in which reality is constructed in our consciousness, leaves us in no doubt that the processes of apparition are authentic and that appearance is a fraud. Representation in art was always essentially mendacious, illusory, and counterfeit. The mirror always lies." Roy Ascott, "From Appearance to Apparition: Communications and Culture in the Cybersphere." Leonardo Electronic Almanac. No.2, 1993.

the folds: "The cerebellum ('little brain') has convolutions similar to those of cerebral cortex, only the folds are much smaller. Like the cerebrum, the cerebellum has an outer cortex, an inner white matter, and deep nuclei below the white matter."
http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html

depression: "High up in the cerebellar cortex are the big nerves cells called Purkinje cells. They participate in the process of learning new motor skills. During learning, the glutamate receptors which cover these Purkinje cells undergo a curious change. On previous occasions, when glutamate had been release onto its receptors, these large cells would have become excited by it. But now, during motor learning, a local depression occurs. Where? At the site of certain of these former glutamate excitations. So that now, as part of motor learning, the big Purkinje cells become less excitable than before, even during the first training session. This local 'learning' depression can last for as long as ten minutes. Later phases can persist for several hours." J.H. Austin, Zen of the Brain. Cambridge, MA., 1998. p. 677.

In the course: B. Frissell. Preface to L. Orr, Breaking the Death Habit. Berkeley, CA., 1997. p.xxvii.

climbing vines: "cells in the olive have axons that pass to the contralateral cerebellum as climbing fibers. These fibers go to all parts of the cerebellum, that is, they are not restricted to a particular zone. The drawing above shows that a climbing fiber sends a collateral to the deep cerebellar nuclei, which is excitatory, and then "climbs" up and like ivy, entwines and synapses all over the dendrites of the Purkinje cell. Each Purkinje cell receives input from only 1 climbing fiber axon, but each climbing fiber axon can split to enervate several Purkinje cells. These climbing fiber-Purkinje cell synapses are excitatory. Since climbing fibers have synapses all over the dendritic tree of a Purkinje cell, their total excitatory action is extremely strong. In fact, the synaptic connection between the climbing fiber and the Purkinje cell is one of the most powerful in the nervous system." "Cerebellum - Circuitry - Climbing - Fibers Circuitry." http://www.anatomy.wisc.edu/cere/text/P4/climb.htm< 

Cro-Magnon art: "the main technique of Cro-Magnon art...involved not brushes but a kind of oral spray-painting: blowing pigment dissolved in saliva on the wall...Spitting is a way of projecting yourself onto the wall, becoming one with the horse you are painting. Thus the action melds with the myth. Perhaps the shamans did this as a way of passing into the world beyond."  M. Lorbianchet. Director, National Center of Scientific Research. Paris, France.

a Jewish practice: V.J. Smith, The Human Hand in Primitive Art. Austin, TX., 1925.

dogs hesitate: "When the British writer Horace Walpole crossed the Alps en route to Rome in about 1740, he took with him his King Charles Spaniel, named Tory. He incautiously let Tory out of the carriage to relieve himself, whereupon Tory was eaten by a wolf." H. Kenner, The Elsewhere Community. New York, 2000. p.130.

grass: "Many people have a tree planted in their head, but the brain itself is much more like grass..." G. Deleuze & F. Guattari. On the Line, NY, 1983.

the vestibulocerebellum: M. Salmon, "Cerebellum The Cerebellum."  http://www.science.mcmaster.ca/Biology/4S03/cerebellum.html

first two: "The cerebellum is likely to be important in long-term memory storage; a great deal of evidence indicates that one of its major functions is to back up the cortex regarding motor activities. Thus the cerebellum might contain, in motor language, duplicate action plans (memories) of virtually all our activities, both executed or fantasized." F.M. Levin and D.M. Vuckovich, "Brain Plasticity, Learning and Psychoanalysis." In, F.M. Levin, Mapping the Mind. Hillsdale, NY., 1991. p.76.

around my fire: "The circle is the oldest, most universal symbol of Deity, from the stationary disc representing the Sun God, to the great turning Wheel of the Universe, representing both the Creator and the Created, where everything in the Cosmos finds its appointed p[lace. This is the greatest of Amerindian Mandalas, corresponding to the Hindu Mandala...The Mexican Great Calendar Stone, the Egyptian Lotus, the Alchemists' Flower of Gold, Dante's Mystical Rose, the Zodiacal Circle, the Round Table of the Arthurian Knights, and the Great Medicine Wheel of the Indians represent the same truths." E. Eaton, Snowy Earth Comes Gliding. Independence, CA., 1974.

a connection: B.S. Spaeth, The Roman Goddess Ceres. Austin, TX., 1996. p.17

the pig: "When the earth yawned and the girl sank down it happened that a herd of pigs fell in the chasm too. The pig, which is sacred to Demeter (Ceres), was sacrificed for her in many agrarian fertility rites. At the Thesmophoria, the woman's festival held near Eleusis, three women buried a pig; later, its remains were uncovered and placed on the altar with grain and scattered on the field with seed corn." N. Hall, The Moon & The Virgin: Reflections on the Archetypal Feminine. New York, 1980. pp.80-1.

it would seem: C. Rausch and J.B. Ashbrook, Where God Lives in the Brain. Naperville, IL., 2001. pp.36-7.

stalin.jpg (6667 bytes)

Stalin: Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili was born on December 21, 1879 in the small Russian town of Gori, Georgia. When he was 11years old, his father died from wounds received in a bar-room brawl. In 1898 Iosif joined a secret group called the Mesame Dasi, which were nationalistic and socialistic supporters. On April 18, 1902, Iosif was arrested, and sent into exile in Siberia, from which he escaped. A few years before World War I, Dzhugashvili, a journalist, began to use the pen-name Stalin, "Man of Steel."
On April 11, 1917, Joseph Stalin was elected to the Bolshevik Party’s main committee. He backed Lenin throughout his campaign the overthrow of the Imperial government, even though he played only a minor role in the actual revolution. After Lenin's death, Stalin gained dictatorial power, and set out to make Russia a modern nation by forming collective farms, ordering many of the wealthier peasants to be killed, deported, or sentenced to labor camps, from which over half of the prisoners never returned. Then he began to execute military leaders, political figures, poets, anybody who disagreed with his policies. After his second wife committed suicide, writing a letter that attacked both his personal and his political life, Stalin became utterly paranoid.
At the outbreak of World War II, Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with Adolf Hitler. However, when Hitler violated this pact in 1941, Russia joined the Allies against Germany and maintained a close diplomatic relationship with Allied nations. Joseph Stalin died on March 5, 1953.

glancing at her: Damage to the cerebellum can produce: loss of coordination of motor movement (asynergia); the inability to judge distance and when to stop (dysmetria);  the inability to perform rapid alternating movements (adiadochokinesia);  movement tremors (intention tremor); staggering, wide based walking (ataxic gait); tendency toward falling; weak muscles (hypotonia); slurred speech (ataxic dysarthria), and abnormal eye movements (nystagmus).

the figuration: P. Klossowski, The Women of Rome. Boston, MA., 1990. p.91.

sow: Telles ("Earth"), associated with Ceres, had a temple on the Forum Pacis, in Rome, built in 268 BCE. At her festival, the Fordicidia, held on April 15, pregnant cows were sacrificed. On January 24 - 26 the Sementivae were held in honor of Tellus and Ceres. During these days the two goddesses were called upon for protection of the sower and the seed.

muddy etymology: "Sow," from the Greek sau, Latin sus, swine, pig; and from the Greek saat, seed, and the Latin serere to scatter, so to plant or scatter seed, in English, bares two attributes of Ceres.

emancipating: "As the promoter of bread and guardian of sacred laws, Ceres was the protectoress of the common people in their early struggles for liberation under the Roman Empire." M. Sjöö and B. Mor, The Great Cosmic Mother. San Francisco, CA., 1987. p.167.

they are aware: "Like when a flower opens and reveals the heart it doesn't have." A. Pizarnik.

this dream: "Cells in the cerebellum fire continuously throughout periods of waking and sleeping and are very active during REM sleep, even though actual changes in posture and most movement (except the eyes and some facial twitching) are inhibited. Instead, we experience fictive movement and imaginary posture changes in our dreams, the constant animation that typifies most dreams Not surprisingly, given what we know about the cerebellum's role during waking states, neurobiologists tend to think all this REM activity in the cerebellum must have influence on the development and maintenance of the motor system and motor memories." J.A. Hobson, Order From Chaos." In, R. Conlan, Editor, States of Mind. New York, 1999. pp.191-92.

portal: "When one thinks of portals, one is mindful of an implied barrier. The distinction between inside and outside bears a number of connotations cross-culturally: known/unknown, safety/danger, sacred/profane. As Victor Turner states, portals define thresholds and liminality presenting new possibilities for being. G.F. Macdonald, et al., Mirrors, Portals, and Multiple Realities." Zygon, (March 1989.) p.40.

messages: "Ceres ruled Rome through her sacred matronae, during that lost period of four centuries before 200 B.C., a period whose written records were destroyed by later patriarchal historians, leaving only a residue of myths and religious customs that were only vaguely explained." B.G. Walker, Woman's Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets. New York, 1983. p.158.

Alzheimer's Disease: "Psychologic disturbances, and those diseases affecting the nervous system, are perhaps the next most (after those of the endocrine system) commonly encountered clinical situations which are associated with predictable physical effects in the hands." Theodore J. Berry, M.D., The Hands as a Mirror of Systemic Disease. F.A. Davis Co., Philadelphia. 1963.

without speaking: "A Ch'an monastery like Puu Jih. with its thirteen monks, was Buddha's boot camp, a place where you went to get empty. Rough brown robes. A spare, unheated cell. Poor food. Hard work. Duty. Tedious unrelenting practice. And finally high atop a mountain, at the end of a dangerous, torturous climb, in a freezing cave, a barefoot maniac, a fierce saint, a Buddha, your teacher was waiting not to talk to you." G. Crane, Bones of the Master. New York, 2000. p.130.

swastika: "The Nazi use of the swastika has stained the symbol's reputation for a long damned time. Hitler's adoption of the swastika is logical when looked at in a historical context. A few German magickal groups in the late 1800's started to adopt the swastika. The symbol was the pagan sign for the German Thunder God Donner (or Thor).  Wilhelm Schwaner displayed a swastika on the title page of 'Der Volkserzieher' in 1897, an early 'volkisch' periodical. These periodicals were designed to instill their readers with German and Nordic pride. After this, the Swastika started to appear often on Volkisch periodicals and other items meant to signify racial and national pride. The German generation that fought in World War I saw swastikas.  After World War I, the swastika was taken up by dissident and militant groups, and its darker implications started to develop. Dr. Friedrich Krohn designed the classic Nazi Swastika in 1919. Unlike the rest of Germany, Dr. Krohn acknowledged the ancient Buddhist use of the symbol, and argued that the Nazi Swastika should point 'anti-clock-wise' because to Buddhists this signifies 'fortune and well-being'. Hitler demanded that the Nazi Swastika point 'clock-wise', which to Buddhists signifies 'cessation' or 'away from God'. http://heathenworld.com/swastika/history.html.
According to Joseph Campbell, the earliest known swastika was found near Kiev, in the Ukraine, carved into mammoth ivory. (J. Campbell, The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology. New York, 1987. p.257.)

ancient symbol: "One of the oldest and most complex of symbols, prehistoric and universal except for parts of Africa and Sumeria; found extensively in all Asia and the pre-Aryan Indis Valley civilization, used widely by Jaina, Buddhists and devotees of Vishnu; general in Pre-Columbian America, both North and South...It's exact symbolism, however, is unknown. J.C. Cooper, An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Symbols. London, England, 1978. pp.164-66.

Ceres: The English word "cereal" is derived from Ceres. (From Latin cerealis, "of grain", from "Ceres".) American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Boston, MA, 192.

neural canals: "The nervous system runs on sodium ions, potassium ions, and chloride ions. If sodium and potassium move in, they excite the synapse. If chloride ions flow in, they inhibit it." Ion channels look like "a funnel and a gate large enough to pass one ion at a time. The inner wall of the channel is made up of what look like five barrel staves, which tilt in to close the channel. When the transmitter binds to the receptor, the staves untilt and the channel opens. At least this is one theory. The actual mechanism remains a mystery." B. Sakmann, "Brain Cells at Work." In, T.A. Bass, Reinventing the Future: Conversations with the World's Leading Scientists. Reading, MA., 1994. p.161.

not declared: Nondeclarative memory, represented by performance, influences changes in behavior that originate from experiences, without consciousness recollection.

monstrous: "It may at first appear surprising that monsters had not already received their visual shape in the imagination of the earliest human communities but that the conscious creation of such creatures is a product of the earliest known civilizations, as far as we can now tell, in the period around 3000 B.C. The first pictorial records of monsters are to be found in that period in Egypt and Mesopotamia and, perhaps a little later, in India, in the civilizations of what is called the ancient Near East. The representation of monsters was later to reach its most flourishing period in classical Greece, in ancient Italy and to a lesser extent in the Roman period." H. Mode, Fabulous Beasts and Demons. London, England, 1973..

ruins of modernity: "But much more extensive has always been the effect of the ruins of Rome. Rome is accessible; its progressive ruining has been observed closely, and without intermission, by citizens and travellers for nearly two thousand years. Rome's fame, her power and glory, her secular and religious authority, created a mystique necessarily unique; Rome in ruins is a symbol of a lost world; the emotional impact is intense.Age by age, piece by piece, history falls with Rome; age by age, piece by piece, history rises as Rome rises; it is the tale of Western historical man.""  R. Macaulay, Pleasure of Ruins. New York, 1967. p.165.

it is suggested: J. Bisso. Invent-L, University of Florida, Gainesville.

Maginot Line: Built from 1930 to1937, consisting of 87 miles of underground forts facing Germany, the Maginot Line, named after the French Minister of Defense, was thought to be impregnable. Above ground were tank traps, barbed wire, pill-boxes, and rows of gun walled in concrete10 feet thick. But when the German's began their attack, and their tanks easily outmaneuvered the French emplacements, it quickly became evident that the age of static warfare was over.

mossy: "Mossy fibers are one of two main sources of input to the cerebellar cortex. A mossy fiber is an axon terminal that ends in a large, bulbous swelling." an outer cortex, an inner white matter, and deep nuclei below the white matter. http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html

animal spirits: "The Cerebel (cerebellum) is a peculiar fountain of animal Spirits designed for some works, wholly distinct from the Brain. Within the Brain...all the spontaneous motions, to wit, of which we are knowing and willing, are performed...But the Spirits inhabiting the Cerebel perform unperceivedly and silently their works of Nature without our knowledge or care." T. Willis, Cerebi anatome: cui nevorum descripto et usus. London, 1664. p.111.

direction: "the cerebellum's role is largely anticipatory, based upon learning and previous experience, and also upon preliminary, highly digested sensory information transmitted from some of the association cortex...." J. Eccles. In, J. Massion and K. Sasaki, Editors, Cerebro-Cerebellar Interactions. Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1979. p.14.

circle: "In the process of individulation very often the same problems comes up again and again; they seem to be settled, but after a while they reappear. If we look at that negatively, we are discouraged, saying here it is again, the same old thing, but when looked at more closely one generally sees the circulatio, for it has simply reappeared on another level." M-L von Franz, Alchemy. Toronto, Canada, 1980. p.257.

trill.jpg (12054 bytes)

magenta-stained: The Battle of Magenta (Italy), fought between the Austrian Army and Franco-Sardinian troops, took place on June 4, 1859. Because it was so bloody, magenta, a red dye discovered soon after the battle, was named after the town.

Staining is used to color nerve fibers so that their pathways can be microscopically viewed.For many years the Golgi (violet and neural red) method was recognized as one of the most elegant procedures for studying the morphology of neurons; however proved to be very unpredictable, staining nerve cells and fiber tracts randomly, so that selected sections may appear completely stained, while neighboring areas are devoid of staining. More reliable methods have since been developed. 

Trillium: The trillium's three petals are snowy white; but as they age they become pink, then, approaching death,  magenta.

the first asteroid: http://www.encyclopedia.com/articles/02497.html

The Post office: I. Hilton, The Search for the Panchen Lama. New York, 1999. p.88.

a cult of Ceres: Encyclopedia Britannica. Chicago, IL.,1988. Vol. 3, p. 38.

zafu: A round cushion used for Zen meditation.

Bobcat: "Does pretending to be a machine instead of a tiger make any difference? What counterpart is possible in the city's fabric to the flowing lines of the countryside or the otherness of wild places?" P. Shepard, Encounters With Nature. Washington, D.C., 1999., p.196.

paces: "The cerebellum is involved in the coordination of movement. A simple way to look at its purpose is that it compares what you thought you were going to do (according to motor cortex) with what is actually happening down in the limbs (according to proprioceptive feedback), and corrects the movement if there is a problem." http://pcg.wustl.edu/course/cerebell.html

Painting by Ren Guangrong.