The cerebellum is located just above the brain stem and toward the back of the brain, where it is well-protected from trauma. Called the "little brain" because it is folded in similar convolutions to those of cerebral cortex, only smaller, like the cerebrum the cerebellum has an outer cortex, with white matter inside and nuclei below. Acting as an excitatory counter to the basal ganglia's inhibitory mode, this organ coordinates movement, balance, and equilibrium.

The first temple of Ceres at Rome was dedicated in 496 B.C., and soon assumed considerable political importance, as her temple became somewhat of a state library, in which senatorial decrees and other official documents were deposited for public inspection. She was called "Ceres the Lawgiver." She also presided over rites of birth, marriage, divorce, and death, "tracing just frontiers" of the Roman Empire.

By synthesizing data from brain stem, spinal cord, and cerebral cortex with input from muscles and other areas, the cerebellum censors articulations of the muscles and joints, and thus may play a major role in the development of these activities. Here instructions for skilled repetitive movements are refined and then rerouted. Here, also new skills, learned by trial and error, are coded into the cerebellum's memory.

The root of Ceres may be crescere "to come forth, grow, arise, be born, and to create. After arriving in Rome, she assumed the myth of Demeter, the Greek Goddess of the fertility of the fields. Demeter's daughter, Persephone, "Queen of the Underworld," was re-named Proserpina. She also has an association with Dionysus, with the grape vine and libation.  

Injury to the cerebellum can result in movements that are slow and uncoordinated. There can also be an inability to judge distance and perform rapidly alternating movements, slurred speech, and a tendency to stagger and to fall. Although it only makes up 1/10th of the brain's volume, the cerebellum contains more than 50% its neurons, causing researchers suspect that it plays a larger role in Brain's schema than is presently known.

Ceres is depicted sitting on the chest, the kiste, that contains the sacred objects of Demeter's mysteries that were carried from Athens to Eleusus. She is a liminal figure, then, generally connected with rites of passage, and intensification, in which beliefs in an afterlife, and in the cosmological scheme, were reaffirmed. In addition, Ceres is the most massive asteroid so far discovered in our solar system.