At birth, sight is one of the least developed of the senses. With a range of a few feet, the world is blurry,
the neural pathways that carry visual signals through the brain are not yet developed. Around a month old,
the baby becomes transfixed on any any objects passed before its eyes, especially those boldly colored, and by eight months its vision is fully developed.

Although the most common way to see is with the eyes, there are other ways. For example, the mantic vision of a seer; or, of a poet, the greatest, and one of the earliest, of whom was named Homer. Perhaps born in Asia Minor, present-day Turkey, sometime during the 8th Century, BCE, Homer may have begged his way through seven cities, all of which claimed him as their native son; of course, after he was safely dead and famous.

The occipital lobe is located at the back of the head. Simply mapped, light first enters the retina of the eye, stimulating fibers of the optic nerve. These fibers form a a chiasma, a crossing which then transmits the information to the thalamus' lateral geniculate bodies, where the perception of depth occurs, and then moves on to the occipital lobes' primary visual cortex. Here light and shade are sorted out, and objects positioned in space.

There are several accredited theories as to who Homer was, one of which is that he wasn't a single person, that the works were composed in different eras, by several persons, not all of them men, the appellation "Homer" attached to the collective, creating the legend of a blind bard, a genius who composed The Iliad, and The Odyssey, two of the most renowned epic poems in Western literature.

From the visual cortex, a portion of the image, called the attention window moves to the temporal lobe, where the interpretation of what is being seen begins. All the other information heads for the parietal lobe, which associates it with other systems, such as those responsible for movement. However, as much as we presently know about the process of seeing, there remains the mystery as to "why electrical signals arriving in the visual cortex should be experienced as vision, while exactly the same kind of electrical signals, arriving in another part of the brain"are experienced as respective senses.1 In other words, we don't know what "sight" is.

If these works were made by several authors over a long period of time, and, as some scholars believe,  someone had to put them together. The question that this theory asks is who was that brilliant editor, or editors, and where did the name Homer originally come from? Was Homer the scribe who wrote the words that a bard sang, signing his own name; or was Homer the bard's name? "There are so many realities that, in trying to encompass them all, one ends in darkness."2

 


(1) S.A. Greenfield, The Human Brain. New York, 1997. p.52.
(2) P. Picasso. In, L. Simon, Editor, Gertrude Stein: A Composite Portrait. New York, 1974. p.107.