vibrating eardrums: "Sounds are represented initially in a cortical structure in the inner part of the superior (upper) temporal lobes. As in vision, the raw auditory input is organized and represented in the auditory buffer prior to high-level processing." S.M. Kosslyn and O. Koenig, Wet Mind. New York, 1992. p.214.

at a distance: "True nature, as we should understand it, is acoustic. Acoustic space has no center. It consists of boundless random resonations. It is the kinds of orientation we have when we are swimming, or riding a bicycle--multisensuous, full of kinetic spaces. Euclidean mathematics has not a real grasp of the acoustic; it is too rational." M. McLuhan. In, M. McLuhan and B.R. Powers, The Global Village. New York, 1989. p.133.

an umbrella: The temporal lobe, like all lobes, is an umbrella for many organs, such as the hippocampus and amygdala, which are, in turn, part of the limbic system.

God: "When the Canadian psychologist Dr. Michael Persinger got hold of (a device that stimulates specific sections of the brain) a few years ago, he stimulate parts of his temporal lobes. And he found to his amazement that he experienced God for the first time in his life." V.S. Rahachadran and S. Blakeslee, Phantoms of the Brain. New York, 1998. p.175.

another: "So far as neurologists can tell from studying stroke patients, the reorganized human temporal lobe is all about categories...Epileptic patients who have had a temporal tip surgically removed sometimes say that they're always having to write down a new name, that their recall of proper names isn't what it used to be, pre-op." W.H.Calvin and D. Bickerton, Lingua ex Machina. Cambridge, MA., 2000. p.60.

the ministers: From, "Letter of Pope Gelasius to Emperor Anastasius (on the superiority of the spiritual over temporal power)." J. H. Robinson, Readings in European History. Boston, MA., 1905. pp. 72-3.

coherently: The Posterior temporal lobe is critical in storing the meaning of words.

A realization when explained can seem prosaic, ordinary, if not obvious. While to the subject it is something unique, because it had an inexplicable edge, one that is not intelligible, but biological. It is more energy than thought, and transforms the individual organism, but not the environment. Which is why a realization is always personal, never sociological, nor directly transmittable.

dbyangs: "Dbyangs are the most highly valued, slowest paced, lowest pitched, most complex and most beautiful chants and melodies used in Tibetan Buddhist music. The melodies of dbyangs are "intoned" in a drawn-out and complex manner which makes use of almost infinite varieties and combinations of the components of melody. In Western terms, their melodies consist of sequences of smoothly and continuously varying intonational contours, including changes of pitch, loudness, and/or configurations of resonance (overtone) mixtures." Q. H. Tran, "Overtones used in Tibetan Buddhist Chanting and in Tuvin Shamanism." National Centre for Scientific Research, France.

Does it hear: "we apparently turn off the temporal lobe neurons that perceive speech sounds for a brief period when we produce speech. Thus neurons specializing in speech production and speech perception seem to be separate. But they are often nearby, so if you record activity from several neurons at once, the whole population of neurons is active with both speech production and perception." W.H. Calvin and G.A. Ojemann, Conversations With Neil's Brain. p. 249. Reading, MA., 1994.marine1.gif (6503 bytes)

Garage on Madison St., Brooklyn NY. circa 1933. My father is the unmasked man in the middle.

I recall: "Each time Ulysses has to be wary, lest he forget on the instant. Forget what? The Trojan War? The siege of Troy? The wooden horse? No. His home, the course to steer, the purpose of the voyage. The expression Homer uses on these occasions is 'forget the return.' Ulysses must not forget the route he has to travel, the form of his destiny. In short, he must not forget the Odyssey." I. Calvino, "The Odysseys Within the Odyssey." The Literature Machine. London, England, 1986. p.137.

to perform: W. Dunham, "Study Finds Brain Irregularities in Stutterers." © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved.

Moses is a stuttering:

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the bridge: Completed in 1973, the Fremont Bridge is Portland's news bridge.

what's below: "The senses most concerned with location--the somatosensory senses of touch, balance, and body position--are clustered together near the posterior parietal cortex at the end of the 'where' processing stream, while the senses more concerned with the identity of an object, like smell and hearing, are grouped at the temporal lobe, standing at the end of the 'what' stream." J. McCrone, Going Inside. New York, 2001. p.173.

American Dream: "Born in Revere, Massachusetts, January 13, 1832, Horatio Alger, Jr., grew up in a Calvinist home with a strong focus on education and religion. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Harvard Divinity School in 1852. During the Harvard days he studied under renowned writer Henry Wadsworth Longfellow with the intention of one day becoming a poet....Alger captured the essence, emotion, soul and especially the spirit of an emerging America. His books all had the same message: no matter who they were, poor, orphaned or powerless, that if they would persevere, if they would do their best, if they would always try to do the right thing, they would succeed. Through honesty, hard work, and strong determination, the American Dream was available to anyone willing to make the journey." J. Bickford,

Time: "Albert Einstein showed us that time and space are part of the physical world, just as much as matter and energy. Indeed, time can be manipulated in the laboratory. Dramatic time warps occur, for example, when subatomic particles are accelerated to near the speed of light. Black holes stretch time by an infinite amount. It is therefore wrong to think of time as simply 'there,' as a universal, eternal backdrop to existence. So a complete theory of the universe need to explain not only how matter and energy came to exist; it must  explain the origin of time, too." P. Davies, "What Happened Before the Big Bang?" In, R. Stannard, God for the 21st Century. Philadelphia, PA., 2000. p.10.

flâneur: "The transitory figure of the Flâneur was a partly real and partly literary persona documented by Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin. He...was a social type who flourished in the second half of the 19th C and frequented the arcades of Paris. His activity was that of flanerie -to stroll the streets and observe the bustling life of the modern city. Since his beginnings, the figure of the Flâneur moved on to Vienna (Robert Musil, The Man Without Qualities), Berlin (Walter Benjamin, Berlin Chronicle) and has been witnessed in Sartre's Nausea. The Flâneur would mingle with the crowd, endeavouring to remain anonymous, seeing and being seen, but not recognised." S.Goldate, "The 'Cyberflâneur' -Spaces and Places on the Internet."

"There are always such men in cities. Solitary wanderers in long-outmoded overcoats, they sit in modest restaurants and side-street cafeterias eating a soft piece of cake. They are deadly pale, have tired eyes, and their lapels are covered with crumbs." C. Simic, Dome-Store Alchemy--The Art of Joseph Cornell. Hopewell, NJ., 1992. p.7.

monstrous SUV: "Magnitude Motors presents the Godzilla SUV. Here's something you want to say about yourself. Say it with the new Godzilla SUV. The Godzilla is big--extremely big. Excessive. Extravagant. Deadly? Of course. But not to you. Because when you think about it, who do you really care about? Yourself, perhaps your loved ones. Everyone else is just in the way. When you're driving the Godzilla, they will run for cover. And if they don't? Well, it's not like they weren't warned. Exciting features include the "Sure-Crush" collision-attrition system, guaranteed to obliterate even those measly little first-generation SUVs. To let them know you're coming, "Insta-Dazzle" extra-high floodlight-rated headlights. Forward battering ram. Onboard oil refinery. Choice of couch or Barcalounger driver's seating. It's been said that SUV owners are selfish, gluttonous, even anti-social. That's exactly the customer we are looking for--and we're finding more every day! After all, somebody is going to hog the road and waste gasoline. It might as well be you."

Green Man: "A name coined by Lady Raglan in 1939, is a mediaeval image usually found in churches. Carved in stone or wood, depicted on stained glass, illuminated manuscripts and where else, he can be recognized as a face, often grotesque, with foliage sprouting from his mouth, nose, eyes or ears. Alternatively, he may be a face composed entirely of leaves. Exterior or interior, he features on capitals, corbels, choir stalls, bench ends, fonts, screens, roof bosses - indeed, any surface open to ornamentation." R. Rylie, "The Green Man: Variations on a Theme." This is a crusty old Green Man, with a crooked cigar in the corner of his mouth; unlighted, as there's a drought this year.

mantra: "Generally the mantra is considered a holy or divine name, word, or syllable by the one that says or thinks them. Mantras, frequently common in Hinduism and Buddhism, also are found in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The Old Testament renders a mantric characteristic to the personal name of God, Yahweh which is known as the Tetragrammation. It was so awesome that in ancient times it was just pronounced by the high priests only on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement..."

understands: The right temporal lobe gives us the ability to speak, while the left lobe interprets words heard in speech.

scent: The sense of smell is a minor function of the temporal lobe. Signals from the nose enter the brain through the olfactory bulb, after which some of the information may be passed on to the temporal lobe for higher integration and processing. "From the viewpoint of the Montpellier school the woman at that point in her cycle was conveying the vitality of nature; she was emitting the products of a strong animality; she was making an appeal for fertilization, dispersing seducative effluvia." A. Corbin, The Foul and the Fragrant. London, England, 1994. p.44.

"In a paper published July 12 in the journal Nature, Novotny and co-workers at Harvard Medical School in Boston headed by Linda Buck reported that the vomeronasal organ can actually detect both odorants and pheromones. The VNO detected odorants classified as animalic, camphoraceous, citrus, floral, fruity, green/minty, musky, sweet or woody. Like pheromones, these odorants were detected at extremely small concentrations. 'This suggests that in mammals, as in insects, odorous compounds released from plants or other animal species may act as 'semiochemicals' -- signaling molecules that elicit behaviors that are advantageous to the sender or the receiver, (Milos) Novotny said." 16 July 2001

trees: "Variously the dogs barked, the trees/stuck their fingers to their noses. No/poet has come. No poet has come." W.C. Williams, Paterson. New York, 1963. p.98.

munchkin: These little people first appeared in L.F. Baum's novel, The Wizard of Oz. First published on May 15, 1900, it was made into a movie by MGM in 1939. “The Wicked Witch of the East had kept the little Munchkin people ‘in bondage for many years, making them slave for her night and day.’ Just what this slavery entailed is not immediately clear.” H.M. Littlefield, "The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism" (10917 bytes)

communal mansion: I lived in this San Rafael mansion for one and one-half years, along with eight other persons, including the owner.

phantoms: "The temporal lobes, in particular, provide many susceptible links in a person's lifelong chain of subliminal associations. Tugging on these links, the stressed human brain can take off on solo flights of imagination, and can even fill up a fuselarge behind the pilot with surrealistic, phantom spirits." J.H. Austin, Zen and the Brain. Cambridge, MA., 1998. p.494.

dog-from-hell: "Cerberus: A giant three-headed dog, son of Typhon and Echidne, who guards the gate of Hell. Orpheus was the only man able to put him to sleep. Heracles was later to conquer him." J. Tondriau and R. Villeneuve, Devils & Demons: A Dictionary of Demonolgy. New York, 1972.

strolling: "Psychically, strolling means rehearsing human reality as a series of episodes; that is, as events without a past and with no consequences. It also means rehearsing meetings as mis-meetings, as encounters without impact: the fleeting fragments of other persons' lives the stroller spun off into stories at will; it was his perception that made them into actors in the play he scripted without their knowing that they were actors, let alone the plot of the drama they play." Z. Bauman, Life in Fragments. Oxford, England, 1995.

God?: "'The brain is set up in such a way as to have spiritual experiences and religious experiences,' said Andrew Newberg, a Philadelphia scientist who wrote the book Why God Won't Go Away. 'Unless there is a fundamental change in the brain, religion and spirituality will be here for a very long time. The brain is predisposed to having those experiences and that is why so many people believe in God.'"  H. Vedantam, "Researchers Examine Relationship Between Brain and Religion." Washington Post, 17 June 01. P.A01.

schizophrenics: "In 1911, a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler coined the term 'schizophrenia.' It originated from the Greek words, schizo, which translates to "split" and phrenia, meaning "mind." When Bleuler conveyed the meaning of this term, it was not to label a person as a "split personality," but rather as a split between what is believed, what is perceived, and what is objectively real. Throughout history, the disorder has been confused and misunderstood by the general public. The idea of 'split' has led people to equate schizophrenia with multiple personality disorder which is a psychiatric condition that is different and much less common. Bleuler did not want to label schizophrenia as the disorder where a person is split into two personalities; instead he wanted to explain that in schizophrenia, there is a splitting away of the personality from reality." B.Varadian, "Sense of Self: Schizophrenia and I."

"This post-mortem study of the brains of 29 controls and 25 patients with schizophrenia investigated the length and gyral folding of the temporal lobes, and the asymmetries and inter-relationships of these two measures. The degree of gyral folding was significantly increased in schizophrenia, but the orientation of the sulci was not changed. Neither gender nor side affected any of the measures of gyral anatomy, nor were there any significant interactions of these variables with diagnosis. The temporal lobes were significantly shortened in schizophrenia, on two different measures, and on one of these, females had shorter temporal lobes than males…The temporal lobe shortening remained after controlling for brain weight and was not statistically related to gyral folding. These two structural changes may reflect an alteration of the cortico-cortical connectivity of the brain in schizophrenia." J.R. Highley, et al., "Temporal lobe length is reduced, and gyral folding is increased in schizophrenia: a post-mortem study."  Schizophr. Res. 34: 1-12. (1998)

Why is: "During dream sleep, people were deeply asleep, but at the same time the eye movements and neural activity of the brain were indistinguishable from those signals generated by an awake person. Only the body's muscle tone indicated a difference."
C. McPhee, Stop Sleeping Through Your Dreams. New York, 1995. p.27.

thurman.jpg (17448 bytes)bridge: The Thurman Street Bridge was built in 1905 for the Lewis and Clark World's Fair and Oriental Exposition. It's rare hanging truss is the oldest of its kind in Oregon. It was moved to breach Balch Gulch, and also serves as a gateway to Forest Park's Lower McCleay Trail.

brown silt: Balch Creek "is home to 2,000-4,000 cutthroat trout...These days their main threats are land-clearing, tree-cutting and the by-products of development. And these days, developers go after every buildable parcel in the West Hills....On Oct 4, a water main installed under the bridge (across Balch Ravine) ruptured, releasing a stream of water that soon turned Balch Creek a dark shade of brown." L. Kreifels, "Clear As Mud." The Northwest Examiner. December, 2001. pp.1,8.

circuitous route: "The La Cerra and Bingham idea is essentially that human neurocognitive systems (the neurocognitive 'architecture') are 'constructed' during individual development and experience, rather than inherited as preformed circuits (structures) selected by evolutionary pressures during and before the Pleistocene epoch. The authors term their approach 'constructivist.'" Science-Week Focus Report

Dostoyevsky: Fyodor Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky. (1823-1881)

epileptic: "Fyodor Mikhaylovich is without doubt the most well-known of all famous people who had epilepsy. Dostoyevsky's illness is a known fact to many people who otherwise have no knowledge of epilepsy, and indeed, for many people, reading Dostoyevsky's works is the first intensive contact that they have with a person with epilepsy. More than anyone else, Dostoyevsky used his own illness and the suffering that went with it as a theme in his writing. The writer made many people in his stories and novels have epilepsy." © German Epilepsymuseum Kork - Museum for Epilepsy and the History of  Epilepsy.

"'Sacred illness' was what the ancient Greek called epilepsy, because they believed that people stricken with it had been sought out by the gods and possessed soothsaying abilities....Accounts of the psychic perceptions of epileptics during their attacks reveal many mystic and shamanic features. The descriptions of Fyodor Dostoyevsky, himself an epileptic, are classic. In The Idiot, he writes that during the few seconds of an attack, one feels an infinite cosmic harmony for which one would be willing to give one's whole life." H. Kalweit, Shamans, Healers, and Medicine Men. Boston, MA., 1992. p.214

subway: "Every man has some reminiscences which he would not tell to everyone, but only to his friends. He has others which he would not reveal even to his friends, but only to himself, and that in secret. But finally there are still others which a man is even afraid to tell himself, and every decent man has a considerable number of such things stored away. That is, one can even say that the more decent he is, the greater the number of such things in his mind." F. Dostoevsky, Notes From the Underground. R.S. Matlaw, translator. New York, 1960.

brightly-lighted: "Temporal lobe, or temporolimbic, epilepsy (TLE) is an often disabling neurological disorder. TLE is manifested by bizarre sensory and somatic seizures that can be triggered by light and sound. In some patients TLE is accompanied by hypergraphia, a compulsive urge to write detailed diaries and poems - and sometimes to draw with similar intensity." E. LaPlante. Quoted in, X-Philes Anonymoous.

the gun: J.M. Coetzee, "The Narrative of  Jacobus Coetzee." In, Dusklands. New York 1974.

When the bullets: Dostoyevsky was arrested on April 23, 1849, for voicing radical opinions in favor of freedom of the press, abolition of serfdom, and the like. He was sentenced to death by firing squad.

he fell: Although the death sentence was commuted by Tzar Nicholas I to four years of hell in a Siberian prison, followed by an unspecified number of years of military service, Dostoyevsky and his fellow prisoners were not told that their lives would be spared until the last moment.

blossomed: "Two wedge-shaped flowerings of tissue sandwiched between the frontal and occipital lobes, approximately at the midline of the skull. The temporal lobes contain portions of the limbic system, a constellation of brain structures that house the most important emotional circuitry of the brain." K. Ablow, "The Man Who Loved Trains." Discover, October 1997. p.36.

the music: ”Professional musicians use their left brain more than other people when listening to music, a magnetic-resonance study suggests...musicians, unlike others, may process music much as a language....When played a recording of Bach's Italian Concerto, all the study's 28 subjects showed activity in the planum temporale, part of the temporal lobe above the ear canal that is thought to be responsible for many auditory tasks. Non-musicians' brain activity was concentrated in the right side of the planum temporale, but in musicians the left side dominated." E. Klarreich, "Musicians' brains may use language modules listening to music."

The Music of the Spheres: a form of "sacred geometry," was coined by Pythagoras, who was born in Ionia on the island of Sámos, and eventually settled in Crotone, a Dorian Greek colony in southern Italy, in 529 B.C.E, where he lectured in philosophy and mathematics. He started an academy which became a brotherhood called the Order of the Pythagoreans.

"Dostoevsky spoke of an ‘eternal harmony’ that he occasionally experienced: 'There are moments, and it is only a matter of five or six seconds, when you feel the presence of the eternal harmony...a terrible thing is the frightful clearness with which it manifests itself and the rapture with which it fills you. If this state were to last more than five seconds, the soul could not endure it and would have to disappear. During these five seconds I live a whole human existence, and for that I would give my whole life and not think that I was paying too dearly...
"I read this first in Oliver Sacks', The Man Who Mistook His Wife For a Hat and Other Clinical Takes, (Summit Books, 1985. p.162) and then found T. Alajouanine's (1963) paper on Dostoevsky's epilepsy (Brain 86:209-221), where I learned that this specific expression of temporal lobe epilepsy is rather uncommon.  (How many prophets can we stand!?) It also recalls Oliver Wendell Holmes' comment, 'A moment's insight is sometimes worth a life's experience.'
"Studying art, the connection we make is to Joseph Campbell's 'aesthetic arrest' Like perfectly transparent crystal, it is there, yet as though not there; and all things, when seen through it, become luminous in its light--after the experience, NOTHING will be perceived in the old way again. A mind once stretched by an idea never regains its former shape.--also Oliver Wendell Holmes." N.Greenberg, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. E-mail, February 8, 2002.

Christ: "One time we had a strobe light going and this individual actually saw Christ in the strobe...(another) individual experienced God visiting her. Afterwards we looked at her EEG (electroencephalogram) and there was this classic spike and slow-wave seizure over the temporal lobe at the precise time of the experience--the other parts of the brain were normal." I Cotton, "Dr. Persinger's God Machine." Independent on Sunday. 2 July 1995.

There are "certain medieval theories that Christ was conceived through the ear of the Virgin Mary. The angel of the Annunciation appeared and told her she would conceive and bear a child; some theologians took that to mean Christ was supernaturally conceived through the word entering by the ear, and that is called the conceptio per aurem, conception by the ear." M-L. von Franz, Alchemy. Toronto Canada, 1980. p.268.

"In Phantoms of the Brain, V.S. Ramachandran stated--or misstated, rather--that Persinger 'experienced God' while stimulating his own temporal lobes with the God machine. Persinger has tried out his own invention, but he assured me that he has never had any religious or mystical sensations, either while wearing the Octopus (the name of the machine) or in any other context." J. Horann, Rational Mysticism: Dispatches From the Border Between Science and Mysticism. Boston, MA., 2003. p.99.

a flower: Long ago, the Buddha was at Mount Grdhrakuta to give a talk. Instead, he held up a flower. No one understood, expect one man, who smiled. Seeing this, the Buddha said, "I have transmitted the True Dharma, the formless form that is outside all scriptures." This incident is Buddhism's Sermon on the Mount (delivered some 500 years before the birth of Christ). Whether it actually occurred---most bibliographers have their doubts, as it can be found in no Sanskrit scriptures, an ironic place to look for it!--it still holds the seed to all Buddhist teaching.  

foams: "There are many types of Epilepsy from the feeling an bit dizzy so people carry on talking to people but they feel as they say out of it some people have an standing fit where they kind of close they eyes for a bit some just faint. They are the lucky few who know when they are going to have one so can warn people. I am one of the unlucky few who have what are called Grande Mal fits (French for big/large illness) or it is also known as tonic-clonic, this means I have no warning of having an fit I just go and have a big fit full works shaking all over and sometimes foaming at the mouth."

born: "While teasing out the molecular signals that govern neural development in fruit flies, researchers have discovered how brain cells 'remember' the order in which they are 'born' from precursor stem cells. This type of molecular memory appears to determine the specific cell type the newly born cells will become and influences where in the developing brain those cells will reside permanently. In an article published in the August 24, 2001, issue of the journal Cell, Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator Chris Q. Doe and colleagues at the University of Oregon reported that Drosophila neural precursor cells, called neuroblasts, sequentially activate four different transcription factors. Transcription factors are proteins that activate or repress the expression of genes. This sequence of transcription factor activation allows the neuroblasts to give rise to a series of different daughter cells, which ultimately become neurons and glial cells in the fruit fly brain. The scientists found that the daughter cells continue to produce the particular transcription factor that was active in the neuroblast at the time of their birth – a 'memory' that allows neurons to maintain differences based on their time of birth.....In their experiments, the scientists sought to understand in what order the fly neuroblasts expressed four transcription factors that were good candidates for regulating the birth order of daughter cells. These transcription factor genes are called hunchback, Krüppel, pdm and castor....The experiments revealed that the neuroblasts sequentially and transiently expressed hunchback, Krüppel, pdm and then castor — in that order. 'We found these windows of expression in which a neuroblast would express just one of the transcription factors,' said Doe. 'Then the daughter cells born during that window – say, the window during which hunchback was being expressed – would maintain hunchback expression permanently. And that’s one way the daughter cells can have a molecular memory of their birth order.' This order of genes is critical for normal brain development, because when one of the first genes in the sequence (hunchback, for example) is artificially turned ‘on’ continuously in a stem cell, that cell will repeatedly make first-born neurons and never make the later-born neurons that it would normally, Doe explained. Thus, the sequential expression of all four genes is necessary to make different neurons from a single stem cell....'The bottom line is that we have found four genes that work in a concerted way in every stem cell lineage,' said Doe. 'So, it’s not that each stem cell has its own set of genes, but rather all of the Drosophila stem cells that we’ve been working on use that same set of four genes.'” "How Brain Cells “Remember” their Birth Order."  ©2001 Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

What: "the temporal lobe is devoted to the what-type issues." W.H. Calvin and D. Bickerton, Lingua ex Machina. Cambridge, MA., 2000. p.59.

dowsing : "The evening prior to the great enterprise, you shall go and find a rod or verge of wild hazel which has never been touched and which is precisely similar to the one illustrated, said rod being forked. You shall touch it only with your eyes, waiting until the morrow, the day of action, when you shall go and cut it at sunrise. You shall remove all the leaves and small branches from it, if it has any, with a steel blade that has been used to cut the throat of a sacrificial animal, Begin your cut when the sun emerges, which uttering the following words: 'I ask you, O great Adinay, Elohim, Ariel and Jehovah, to give this rod the force and virtue of those of Jacob, Moses and the great Joshua.'" Le Dragon Rouge on L'Art de Commander les Esprits (The Red Dragon or the Art of Commanding Spirits.) Célestes, Nismes, 1823. First published in 1521.

a dragon: It was believed "by the ancient Chinese that water flowed in subterranean courses called 'veins of the dragon.' Passing to and fro out of sight, the hidden veins of water served, like the bloodstream of animals, to remove impurities from the body of the earth, considered not a pile of rock but a living being, and to deposit curative minerals, often in hardly detectable trace quantities. within it." C. Bird, The Divining Hand. New York, 1979. p.74.

seizures: "Seizure disorders with behavioral disturbance, may initially be interpreted as psychiatric in origin. Many such problems relate to the temporal lobe of the brain. The features of temporal lobe epilepsy and non-epileptic dysfunction of the temporal lobe are so varied and so protean that it is necessary to classify them. I have suggested the term "Possible temporal lobe symptoms" (PTLSs) relate to features which can be induced by stimulating areas of the temporal lobe during neurosurgery. These symptoms only become specific symptoms of temporal lobe dysfunction if their occurrence is validated empirically during a seizure - either through observation or by the electroencephalogram (hence the word "possible" in possible temporal lobe seizures). Great care must be taken in interpretation of such features : For example, using a phenomenological analysis, I demonstrated that the symptom of deja vu commonly regarded as symptomatic of temporal lobe epilepsy indeed had a very special phenomenologic quality in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Like many other such focal symptoms, this involves its association with post-ictal features such as sleepiness, headache and clouded consciousness and its link in time with these features. This association provides an excellent clue to the existence of temporal lobe epilepsy. However, deja vu is a normal phenomenon occurring in 70 percent of the population and unless such phenomenological detail is obtained, patients' symptomatology may be misinterpreted." V.M Neppe, "Possible Temporal Lobe Symptoms."

trying to find: "I speculate that our right temporal lobe allows humans to interact with a timeless space-less "non-local" reality. The clinical experience of accessing that reality is an important component in religious experiences. The existence of such a reality is predicted by modern quantum theoretical physics. Such a theory has value in that it provides a theoretical explanation for many well-documented phenomena which currently exist outside our current theoretical scientific model." M. Morse, "The Right Temporal Lobe and Associated Limbic Lobe Structures as the Biological Interface with an Interconnected Universe."

thumb: "Viewed from the side, each of the overarching cerebral hemispheres of the brain resembles an old, wrinkled boxing glove. The front, middle, and back of the glove correspond to the brain's frontal, parietal (from the Latin for wall), and occipital (back of the head) lobes, while the thumb of the boxing glove corresponds to the temporal lobe." R. Restak, Brainscapes. New York, 1995. p.13

gazes: "The public purpose of zoos is to offer visitors the opportunity of looking at animals. Yet nowhere in a zoo can a stranger encounter the look of an animal. At the most, the animal's gaze flickers and passes on. The look sideways. They look blindly beyond. They scan mechanically. They have been immunised to encounter, because nothing can any more occupy a central place in their attention." J. Berger, "Why Look At Animals?" In, About Looking. New York, 1980. p.26.

their children: If the human brain "is a collection of systems designed to perform functions that...enhance reproductive success," then built into this collective is a self-destructive mechanism, as it is our very reproductive success that is compromising the quality of life, all life, and life-supporting systems, of this planet. This seems reasonable, as all systems are self-limiting. It is not that many humans believe that their species can reproduce exponentially without catastrophic consequences, it is the belief that I can reproduce to the limit of my desire, as if I am insignificant to the problem. Such a disassociated consciousness is how the mind justifies what it knows to be an outdated and dangerous compulsion of the system from which it arose. 

Disneyfied machine: "The aesthetic disguise of Disney's films, TV shows, and theme parks, in other words, hides what is really the machine-making function of his rigidly limited and spuriously wholesome brand of 'realism.' The only personal dream he allowed himself to realize in any of his projects was a small-town tinkerer's money-making vision of a 'dream machine,' a show-biz mechanism for manipulating other's dreams, including the dreams of children." D.C.Noel, "Realizing Dreams: Star Wars, 'Star Tours.' and the Anima Machinae." Spring (1988). pp.27-39. 

deer got to say: B.K. Loren tells of doing an internal Martial Arts exercise of animal forms, called "frolics." "I performed the Crane, the Monkey, and, finally, began the Deer. By this time, I was in an altered state--not an altered state like I thought I was going to channel some ancient spirit or relive my past lives, but an altered state like an athlete or artist enters when she loses herself to her work. I stepped forward slowly, lifted my hands, looked over my left shoulder, as the form requires. I repeated the movement, the world around me taking on a kind of blur---which suddenly came into focus. In front of me stood a herd of deer...I relaxed and, as if they were not there, continued the form." (Then the herd moved away, all except one doe.) "Before I finished the next move, however, I heard a strange sound...The sound I heard was a pinched sort of squeaking noise, like a nuthatch, but more drawn out than a nuthatch's peeps. It was connected, sustained, resonant...I looked straight in front of me and noticed the throat of the doe moving...She was moving toward me, slowly, making the odd noise as she approached." The author was able to imitate the deer's sound, until she was "carrying on what seemed very much like a conversation with the large doe."   B.K. Loren, The Way of the River. Guilford, CT., 2001. pp.163-165.

"The human voice box or larynx was thought to be unique, but now researchers have found two species of deer with 'dropped larynxes' similar to those of humans. For the deer at least, it's all about the advantages of having a deep voice. A newborn baby's larynx resembles that of other mammals. It pokes up into the nasal passage like a snorkel, so babies can drink and breathe at the same time. But at three months old, the larynx descends, opening up a cavity behind the tongue." J. Randerson,

from the sky: "What is quite beyond doubt is that there is an almost universal belief in a celestial divine being, who created the universe  and guarantees the fecundity of the earth (by pouring rain down upon it). These beings are endowed with infinite foreknowledge and wisdom; moral laws and often tribal ritual as well were established by them during a brief visit to earth; they watch to see that their laws are obeyed, and lightning strikes all who infringe them." M. Eliade, Myths, Rites, Symbols: A Mircea Eliade Reader. New York, 1976. p.352. wtc.jpg (10150 bytes)


it's hard to be up: "To be lifted to the summit of the World Trade Center is to be carried away by the city's hold....Just to be at this seeing point creates the fiction of knowledge. Must one then redescend into the sobre space through which crowds of people move about, crowds that, visible from above, cannot see there (sic) below? The fall of Icarus. On the 107th floor, a poster poses the same sphinx, a riddle to the stroller who has been in an instant changed into a seer: "It's hard to be down when you're up". M. de Certeau, "Practice of Space." In, M. Blonsky, Editor, On Signs. Baltimore, MD., 1985. pp.122-23.

genetic map: "What makes maps so interesting is that the epigenetic events that create form from place early in embryonic development must to some extent 'anticipate' future interactions of the two-dimensional surfaces of sensory receptor sheets (for example, the retina or skin) with the three-dimensional world in which the animal moves and receives stimuli." G.M. Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire. New York, 1991. p.25.

The glimmer: "We're asking: `How can we give animals control over their lives?' " Dr. Reiss said. " `How can we give them the chance to make their own choices? To deal with challenges? To solve problems and use their brains? To develop trust and good relationships with their keepers? To teach them to learn for themselves?' "But first, Dr. Reiss said, scientists had to decide if animals had minds. "It's new in zoos," she said, "the idea that animals can think and feel." B. Stewart, “Recall of the Wild.” The New York Times

Wailing Wall: "despite all the deathly sounds that pass through the wailing wall, it can still provide life to one individual, (Wole) Soyinka. The sound of the different events that occur on the other side of the wall gives Soyinka contact with the outside world. He is able to keep track of the days through the processions occurring in the yard. The wall offers a reprieve from complete isolation thus possibly contributing to Soyinka's continued existence. In a sense, the wailing wall has a role similar to the mountain in Shelley's 'Mont Blanc' where 'so much of life and joy is lost.' Every time Mont Blanc becomes active, living beings on the mountain are killed by avalanches. Yet, the rivers which result from these avalanches help to sustain life in another area. Every time the wall sounds, death fills the court yard. Yet it is these sounds that help Soyinka to survive in the prison." F.Huang, "Shelley, Hopkins and Soyinka's 'Wailing Wall.'''

its caves: The Paleolithic caves were not the West's cultural beginning, as by then we were skilled artists, a measure of our determination to become a being separate from the animal, while remaining related to it. The cave is both inside and outside, dream and function, ritual and discovery--there are borders, an ego, a flickering shadow, and the labyrinth, the mythic path where imagination crawls in, only to come up against a wall.

the poets listens: "Among the mountain tribes of South-eastern Africa the ear was supposed to be the seat of intelligence. Numerous instances could be given of the widespread customs and beliefs connected with the ear as something more than a mere organ of hearing." D.A. MacKenzie, The Migration of Symbols. New York, 1926. p.143.

easily heard: "If one explores the microscopic network of synapses with electrodes to detect what results of electrical firing, the majority of synapes are not expressed, that is, they show no detectable firing activity. They have been called 'silent synapes.'" G.M. Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire. New York, 1991. p.27.

Hermes: "I like to believe that the Gods in their frustration try in every which way to awaken our imagining capacities by forcing images upon us--- in dreams, in fantasies, in memories, in fears and pornographies. Since the secular world no longer invites the Gods into its images---having banned beauty from its schools of image-making and confined the invisible powers to 'religious' art and art of the "insane" and their therapies---- what can these powers do but press their presence upon us in distorted forms....Their desperation, their imageless homelessness drives them into the last place available: the human mind. As Heinrich Zimmer said years ago, 'All the Gods are within.' And as Jung continued, 'The gods have become diseases.' Their insanity has become the root of ours." J. Hillman, "A note on Hermes Inflation."

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Green Man: "This tall gold Eros, naked except for red sandals, sidles up to me at the bar and goes, 'Oh, Ms. Torchlight! I can't tell you how much I admire your work.'
                   I went, 'You can tell me. Tell me!'
                   Eros had a sweet laugh. He introduced himself and asked my inspiration for the mask I made Billy Lee. I told him I got  the idea from a 13th-century wood carving of the Green Man in a choirstall of Poitiers cathedral.
                  'Who's the Green Man?' he asked.
                  'An old, old god,' I said. 'Much older than Jesus Christ, and one of Mother Earth's many lovers.'" -H. Nissenson, The Song of the Earth. Chapel Hill, NC., 2001. (Drawing by H. Nissenson.)

the dendrites: S. A. Greenfield, The Human Brain. New York, 1997. p.66.

the differences: D. Darling, Zen Physics. New York, 1996. p.181.

shapes: "The ventral (object-properties-encoding) system in the temporal lobes not on registers key properties of shapes, but also encodes color and texture; this information is matched to that of objects stored in visual memory. Thus temporal-lobe memory stores information in a visual code, which cannot be accessed by input for other sensory modalities. The goal of this processing is to discover which stored object is most like the object being viewed. If a good match is obtained, the object is recognized; however, in some cases the input may not match any particular stored object very well." S.M. Kosslyn and O. Koenig, Wet Mind. New York, 1992. pp.56-7.

apparently died: I have in mind the Zen koan in which the master and his disciple attend a funeral. The master walks up to the coffin, taps it with a stick, and asks, "Dead, or alive?" (Hint: Don't follow the stick.)

appropriately: B.Varadian, "Sense of Self: Schizophrenia and I." Varadian.html

Hallucinations: "In his controversial 1976 book, The Origin of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, Julian Jaynes, a Princeton psychologist, argued that the brain activity of ancient people - those living roughly 3,500 years ago, prior to early evidence of consciousness such as logic, reason, and ethics - would have resembled that of modern schizophrenics. Jaynes maintained that, like schizophrenics, the ancients heard voices, summoned up visions, and lacked the sense of metaphor and individual identity that characterizes a more advanced mind. He said that some of these ancestral synaptic leftovers are buried deep in the modern brain, which would explain many of our present-day sensations of God or spirituality. J. Hitt, ;This Is Your Brain on God."

Masters are funny too: Animation (slightly altered) is by Animation Factory.

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Avebury: "...we have Avebury, England: A thick tree trunk in the left foreground almost covered by vines snaking over each other, forms a slithering Dantean venation struggling for a higher life, while a rotund belly-of-a-stone is alive to itself on the right side of the scene. Further away from the camera than the tree, the stone is deceptively smaller; but as perspective is subordinate to psychological size the stone assumes its actual weight, plump and balanced, complexly crated, confronting the very essence of the living tree. "Go inside a stone..." Charles Simic wrote, "perhaps it is not dark inside at all." J. Weishaus, "The Wise Silence: Photographs by Paul Caponigro, with Text by Marianne Fulton." Artspace. Spring (1985).

the Vagina Tree: "A pivotal performance work in bringing together issues of eroticism and politics, Interior Scroll should be considered one of the fundamental works not only in (Carolee) Schneemann's career but also  in the history of feminist art of the seventies. The layers of interpretation are vast and never cease to provoke new ideas. The performance involved a nude Schneemann unwrapping herself from a sheet while standing on a table, then pulling from her vagina a small scroll on which she had written a 'secret text' to be read to her audience..." R.C. Morgan, The End of the Art World. New York, 1998. p.132.

yellow leaves: "oddly enough...chlorophyll isn't ideally suited to capturing sunlight. The Sun radiates most strongly in the yellow region of the spectrum, whereas chlorophyll absorbs most strongly in the red and blue regions. You might suppose that the premier photosynthetic molecule on Earth would be a specialized yellow-light absorber. The fact that it isn't suggests that no better molecule exists for the purpose than chlorophyll." D. Darling, Life Everywhere. New York, 2001. p.130.

Tassajara Springs: Site of the Zen Mountain Center, in Big Sur, CA. "These mountains are young, in a geologic sense, and even now rising. Streams notch them deeply and have not had time to broaden the steep-walled canyons to gentler slopes and shapes. The sun's heat and long rainless seasons make water scarce, a condition shaping the pattern of plant distribution. The north-facing hillsides are not so dry and are covered with forests of oak, madrone, California laurel, and other board-leafed trees. But south-facing slopes feel the sun longer and more intensely and they support grasses, shrubs, and patches of chaparral, dominated by chamise and manzanita, all plants adapted to drought and fire." S. Bunnell, "Impressions of the Tassajara Landscape." Wind Bell/. Fall 1968. pp.23-5.

Marian Mountain: "On my first day there a woman with long dark hair had stridden past me. There was something unusual about her, a graceful strength, a mysterious air. She didn't appear again until I was waiting for a ride in the laundry truck to Monterey, when she was suddenly at my side. Her name was Marian. I told her I was a poet. She said that she wrote poetry too. Then she asked if I would keep in touch. I agreed, and this we did for the next twenty years. With a need to be a hermit, not a monk, Marian Mountain became somewhat of a legend, living alone in the misty poison-oaked hills of Big Sur--

The east wall of the Pacific Ocean beat on the west wall of the Santa Lucias. With nothing to protect me from my environment, it was not difficult to be at one with it. Many mornings I sat enveloped in cool clouds that drifted  in and out of the small hut I named Half-Dipper Hermitage. -M Mountain, The Zen Environment. New York, 1982. p.33.

From, J. Weishaus, "Reality Dreams-Scroll 10."

memory: "The inferior temporal lobe not only is involved in encoding object properties but also in storing visual memories." S.M. Kosslyn and O Koenig, Wet Mind. New York, 1992. p.80.

Memory is considered to be gathered from different sources. Short-term memory, the ability to retain a limited amount of information for a period of up to an hour, seems to be  located deep in the temporal lobe. Long-term memory involves an interchange between the temporal lobe, midbrain, and various cortical regions.

nose only: "The !Xam words translated as 'snorting power' also means 'nose': power was located in the place from which trance blood flowed and which sniffed out sickness." D. Lewis-Williams and T.A. Dowson, Images of Power: Understanding Bushman Rock Art" Johannesburg, 1989.

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briny smell: "You can smell it from afar off -- when you are on it you are enveloped in its Big Smell. To bring something of this back -- I for one hope that I may -- just a little, that my paint too shall Smell a little smell as a minute equivalent to that great-salty smell out there." J. Marin.                                                                        

                                                                  "Island and Sea off Cape Spirit, Maine."


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Carpathian skills: "when he came to Paris, Brancusi lived in an atmosphere of the artistic avant-garde and yet never abandoned his Carparthian peasant's style of living. He expressed his artistic thought by following models he had found in the Carpathians, but he did not simply copy those models and produce a cheapened form of folklore. He recreated them, he succeeded in inventing those archetypal shapes that dazzled the world because he delved so deeply, right down to the Neolithic tradition, and it was there that he found the roots, the wellsprings." M. Eliade, Mircea Eliade, Ordeal by Labyrinth--Conversations with Claude-Henri Rocquet. Chicago, IL., 1982. p.99.

David Smith: (1906-1965) David Smith was born in Decatur, Indiana, the son and grandson of blacksmiths. Art historian Barbara Rose wrote that "Twentieth-century American sculpture . . . is dominated by a single genius. . . . David Smith."


Brancusi's, "A Muse."

shamans: "The appearance of the shaman must have been impressive. His hair was never cut or combed, and formed a long mat down his back. His costume- typically a hide apron, shoulder robe and crown-could be decorated with animal claws and carved bones. During his wild contorted dance to conjure up the spirit world, he often donned the mask of the desired yek (spirit-helpers). While manipulating rattles, charms and batons, the shaman would chant, groan, hiss, cry, and so forth, until he worked himself into a trance-like state."

Bear: "In bearshit find it in August, / Neat pile on the fragrant trail, in late / August, perhaps by a Larch tree / Bear has been eating the berries.
                  high meadow, late summer, snow gone
                  eating berries, married
     To a woman whose breasts bleed
     From nursing the half-human cubs."
     -G. Snyder. From, A Berry Feast."

Raven: Among all Semitic peoples ravens embodied strange powers. In Syriac stories devils driven out of men take the form of these birds, and evil spirits assail saints in the form of 'black stinking ravens.' The Arabs say they foretell death and disaster. In such places as Timad in North Africa where the ravens perch on the broken columns of the ruined city it is not difficult to believe that the raven is a sinister bird." E.A. Armstrong, The Folklore of Birds. New York, 1970. p.77

Thunderbird: "The Thunder Bird myth is perhaps one of the most wide spread among the Native America. Thunder Bird myth lore can be categorized into two types: as a benevolent (or sometimes malicious) nature deity, or a type in which the bird is not spiritual but corporeal and co-extant with the aboriginal inhabitants of pre-colonial North America. (This latter type, the non-spirit myth, might be the source for legends of giant birds reported in more recent times.) The name Thunder Bird directly refers to a Native American spirit myth." G. Musinsky Thunderbird."

Sacred objects stolen: "We emptied graves, moved sacred objects from secret caves to public vaults, transferred songs to tapes, stored myths on dusty shelves. Reverential became referential, private became public; theirs became ours." E.Carpenter, Introduction to, S.G. Williams, Editor, In the Middle--The Inuit Today. Toronto, Canada, 1983. p.10.

"Today, it may cost us little to admit the shocking origins and suspect ideologies of the great ethnographic collections. Assembled in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, they can be seen as the fruit of colonialism--a fruit whose bitter taste we want to place in the past." M. Torovnick, Gone Primitive: Savage Intellects, Modern Lives. Chicago, IL., 1990. p.78.

windy gaps: "The temporal lobes are also noteworthy in their gestalt processing capabilities. They help us flesh out the overall configuration of things we see, filling in the vacant spaces between a few specific local features. The right posterior temporal cortex is better at helping us fill in these missing gaps. It lends a sense of 'visual closure' to an otherwise incomplete picture." J.H. Austin, Zen and the Brain. Cambridge, MA., 1998. p.248.

the burned soil: S. Kurihara. From, "In the Midst of Destruction."

wheels: Ezekiel was a priest living with the Jewish exiles in Babylon after the taking of Judah and Jerusalem by Babylon, around 580-600 B.C. Ezekiel has visions of God appearing like a Man, yet glowing and dazzling with fire; and, of angelic beings with four faces, wings, hands, and WHEELS within WHEELS that contained all-seeing eyes (Ezekiel 1 and 10; also 8).

"The Bible may contain the oldest recorded case of temporal lobe epilepsy. Ezekiel, the prophet whose visions are recorded in a book of the Old Testament, apparently had all the classic signs of the condition....Eric Altschuler, a neuroscientist at the University of  California at San Diego...says that records in the Bible reveal that Ezekiel, who lived about 2600 years ago, showed extreme classic symptoms of temporal lobe epilepsy." A.Motluk, "Old Testament prophet showed epileptic symptoms."

plasticity: "The architecture of the nervous system is plastic, and it changes continuously. Neurochemicals can affect the system in many ways, and one way is to effectively rewire circuits." P.S. Churchland, "Take It Apart and See How It Runs." In, P. Baumgartner and S. Payr, editors, Speaking Minds. Princeton, NJ., 1995.