eardrums: "Sounds are represented initially in
a cortical structure in the inner part of the superior (upper)
temporal lobes. As in vision, the raw auditory input is organized
and represented in the auditory buffer prior to high-level processing." S.M.
Kosslyn and O. Koenig, Wet Mind. New York, 1992. p.214.
a distance: "True nature, as we should understand
it, is acoustic. Acoustic space has no center. It consists of boundless
random resonations. It is the kinds of orientation we have when
we are swimming, or riding a bicycle--multisensuous, full of kinetic
spaces. Euclidean mathematics has not a real grasp of the acoustic;
it is too rational." M. McLuhan. In, M. McLuhan and B.R. Powers, The
Global Village. New York, 1989. p.133.
umbrella: The temporal lobe, like all lobes, is an
umbrella for many organs, such as the hippocampus and amygdala,
which are, in turn, part of the limbic system.
the Canadian psychologist Dr. Michael Persinger got hold of (a device
that stimulates specific sections of the brain) a few years ago, he
chose...to stimulate parts of his temporal lobes. And he found to his
amazement that he experienced God for the first time in his life." V.S.
Rahachadran and S. Blakeslee, Phantoms of the Brain. New York,
far as neurologists can tell from studying stroke patients, the reorganized
human temporal lobe is all about categories...Epileptic patients who
have had a temporal tip surgically removed sometimes say that they're
always having to write down a new name, that their recall of proper
names isn't what it used to be, pre-op." W.H.Calvin and D. Bickerton, Lingua
ex Machina. Cambridge, MA., 2000. p.60.
ministers: From, "Letter of Pope Gelasius to
Emperor Anastasius (on the superiority of the spiritual over temporal
power)." J. H. Robinson, Readings in European History.
Boston, MA., 1905. pp. 72-3.
Posterior temporal lobe is critical in storing the meaning of words.
A realization when explained
can seem prosaic, ordinary, if not obvious. While to the subject
it is something unique, because it had an inexplicable edge, one
that is not intelligible, but biological. It is more energy than
thought, and transforms the individual organism, but not the environment.
Which is why a realization is always personal, never sociological,
nor directly transmittable.
are the most highly valued, slowest paced, lowest pitched, most complex
and most beautiful chants and melodies used in Tibetan Buddhist music.
The melodies of dbyangs are "intoned" in a drawn-out and
complex manner which makes use of almost infinite varieties and combinations
of the components of melody. In Western terms, their melodies consist
of sequences of smoothly and continuously varying intonational contours,
including changes of pitch, loudness, and/or configurations of resonance
(overtone) mixtures." Q. H. Tran, "Overtones used in Tibetan
Buddhist Chanting and in Tuvin Shamanism." National Centre for
Scientific Research, France. http://www.phapviet.com/~tranqh/france/tibetan.htm
it hear: "we apparently turn off the temporal
lobe neurons that perceive speech sounds for a brief period when
we produce speech. Thus neurons specializing in speech production
and speech perception seem to be separate. But they are often nearby,
so if you record activity from several neurons at once, the whole
population of neurons is active with both speech production and
perception." W.H. Calvin and G.A. Ojemann, Conversations
With Neil's Brain. p. 249. Reading, MA., 1994.
on Madison St., Brooklyn NY. circa 1933. My father is the
unmasked man in the middle.
recall: "Each time Ulysses has to be wary,
lest he forget on the instant. Forget what? The Trojan War?
of Troy? The wooden horse? No. His home, the course to steer,
the purpose of the voyage. The expression Homer uses on these
is 'forget the return.' Ulysses must not forget the route he
has to travel, the form of his destiny. In short, he must not
the Odyssey." I. Calvino, "The Odysseys
Within the Odyssey." The Literature Machine. London, England,
perform: W. Dunham, "Study Finds Brain Irregularities
in Stutterers." © 2001 Reuters Limited. All rights reserved.
is a stuttering: http://www.greatbooks.org/programs/religions/judaism/moses
bridge: Completed in 1973, the Fremont Bridge is Portland's
below: "The senses most concerned with location--the
somatosensory senses of touch, balance, and body position--are
clustered together near the posterior parietal cortex at the end
of the 'where' processing stream, while the senses more concerned
with the identity of an object, like smell and hearing, are grouped
at the temporal lobe, standing at the end of the 'what' stream." J.
McCrone, Going Inside. New York, 2001. p.173.
Dream: "Born in Revere, Massachusetts, January
13, 1832, Horatio Alger, Jr., grew up in a Calvinist home with
a strong focus on education and religion. He graduated Phi Beta
Kappa from Harvard Divinity School in 1852. During the Harvard
days he studied under renowned writer Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
with the intention of one day becoming a poet....Alger captured
the essence, emotion, soul and especially the spirit of an emerging
America. His books all had the same message: no matter who they
were, poor, orphaned or powerless, that if they would persevere,
if they would do their best, if they would always try to do the
right thing, they would succeed. Through honesty, hard work, and
strong determination, the American Dream was available to anyone
willing to make the journey." J. Bickford, http://www.usdreams.com/Alger12.html
Einstein showed us that time and space are part of the physical world,
just as much as matter and energy. Indeed, time can be manipulated
in the laboratory. Dramatic time warps occur, for example, when subatomic
particles are accelerated to near the speed of light. Black holes stretch
time by an infinite amount. It is therefore wrong to think of time
as simply 'there,' as a universal, eternal backdrop to existence. So
a complete theory of the universe need to explain not only how matter
and energy came to exist; it must explain the origin of time,
too." P. Davies, "What Happened Before the Big Bang?" In,
R. Stannard, God for the 21st Century. Philadelphia, PA.,
transitory figure of the Flâneur was a partly real and partly literary
persona documented by Charles Baudelaire and Walter Benjamin. He...was
a social type who flourished in the second half of the 19th C and frequented
the arcades of Paris. His activity was that of flanerie -to stroll
the streets and observe the bustling life of the modern city. Since
his beginnings, the figure of the Flâneur moved on to Vienna (Robert
Musil, The Man Without Qualities), Berlin (Walter Benjamin, Berlin
Chronicle) and has been witnessed in Sartre's Nausea.
The Flâneur would mingle with the crowd, endeavouring to remain anonymous,
seeing and being seen, but not recognised." S.Goldate, "The
'Cyberflâneur' -Spaces and Places on the Internet." http://home.vicnet.net.au/~claynet/flaneur.htm
"There are always
such men in cities. Solitary wanderers in long-outmoded overcoats,
they sit in modest restaurants and side-street cafeterias eating
a soft piece of cake. They are deadly pale, have tired eyes, and
their lapels are covered with crumbs." C. Simic, Dome-Store
Alchemy--The Art of Joseph Cornell. Hopewell, NJ., 1992. p.7.
SUV: "Magnitude Motors presents the Godzilla
SUV. Here's something you want to say about yourself. Say it with
the new Godzilla SUV. The Godzilla is big--extremely big. Excessive.
Extravagant. Deadly? Of course. But not to you. Because
when you think about it, who do you really care about? Yourself,
perhaps your loved ones. Everyone else is just in the way. When
you're driving the Godzilla, they will run for cover. And if they
don't? Well, it's not like they weren't warned. Exciting features
include the "Sure-Crush" collision-attrition system,
guaranteed to obliterate even those measly little first-generation
SUVs. To let them know you're coming, "Insta-Dazzle" extra-high
floodlight-rated headlights. Forward battering ram. Onboard oil
refinery. Choice of couch or Barcalounger driver's seating. It's
been said that SUV owners are selfish, gluttonous, even anti-social.
That's exactly the customer we are looking for--and we're finding
more every day! After all, somebody is going to hog the road and
waste gasoline. It might as well be you." http://slate.msn.com/Features/GodzillaSUV/page2.asp
Man: "A name coined by Lady Raglan in 1939, is
a mediaeval image usually found in churches. Carved in stone or
wood, depicted on stained glass, illuminated manuscripts and where
else, he can be recognized as a face, often grotesque, with foliage
sprouting from his mouth, nose, eyes or ears. Alternatively, he
may be a face composed entirely of leaves. Exterior or interior,
he features on capitals, corbels, choir stalls, bench ends, fonts,
screens, roof bosses - indeed, any surface open to ornamentation." R.
Rylie, "The Green Man: Variations on a Theme." http://www.indigogroup.co.uk/edge/greenmen.htm.
This is a crusty old Green Man, with a crooked cigar in the corner
of his mouth; unlighted, as there's a drought this year.
the mantra is considered a holy or divine name, word, or syllable by
the one that says or thinks them. Mantras, frequently common in Hinduism
and Buddhism, also are found in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. The
Old Testament renders a mantric characteristic to the personal name
of God, Yahweh which is known as the Tetragrammation. It was so awesome
that in ancient times it was just pronounced by the high priests only
on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement..." http://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/m/mantra.html
right temporal lobe gives us the ability to speak, while the left
lobe interprets words heard in speech.
sense of smell is a minor function of the temporal lobe. Signals from
the nose enter the brain through the olfactory bulb, after which some
of the information may be passed on to the temporal lobe for higher
integration and processing. "From the viewpoint of the Montpellier
school the woman at that point in her cycle was conveying the vitality
of nature; she was emitting the products of a strong animality; she
was making an appeal for fertilization, dispersing seducative effluvia." A.
Corbin, The Foul and the Fragrant. London, England, 1994.
a paper published July 12 in the journal Nature, Novotny and co-workers
at Harvard Medical School in Boston headed by Linda Buck reported
that the vomeronasal organ can actually detect both odorants and
pheromones. The VNO detected odorants classified as animalic, camphoraceous,
citrus, floral, fruity, green/minty, musky, sweet or woody. Like
pheromones, these odorants were detected at extremely small concentrations.
'This suggests that in mammals, as in insects, odorous compounds
released from plants or other animal species may act as 'semiochemicals'
-- signaling molecules that elicit behaviors that are advantageous
to the sender or the receiver, (Milos) Novotny said." 16 July
the dogs barked, the trees/stuck their fingers to their noses. No/poet
has come. No poet has come." W.C. Williams, Paterson.
New York, 1963. p.98.
little people first appeared in L.F. Baum's novel, The Wizard of
Oz. First published on May 15, 1900, it was made into a movie
by MGM in 1939. The Wicked Witch of the East had kept the little
Munchkin people in bondage for many years, making
them slave for her night and day. Just what this slavery entailed
is not immediately clear. H.M. Littlefield, "The Wizard
of Oz: Parable on Populism" http://www.amphigory.com/oz.htm
mansion: I lived in this San Rafael mansion for
one and one-half years, along with eight other persons,
including the owner.
temporal lobes, in particular, provide many susceptible links in a
person's lifelong chain of subliminal associations. Tugging on these
links, the stressed human brain can take off on solo flights of imagination,
and can even fill up a fuselarge behind the pilot with surrealistic,
phantom spirits." J.H. Austin, Zen and the Brain. Cambridge,
MA., 1998. p.494.
A giant three-headed dog, son of Typhon and Echidne, who guards the
gate of Hell. Orpheus was the only man able to put him to sleep. Heracles
was later to conquer him." J. Tondriau and R. Villeneuve, Devils & Demons:
A Dictionary of Demonolgy. New York, 1972.
strolling means rehearsing human reality as a series of episodes; that
is, as events without a past and with no consequences. It also means
rehearsing meetings as mis-meetings, as encounters without impact:
the fleeting fragments of other persons' lives the stroller spun off
into stories at will; it was his perception that made them into actors
in the play he scripted without their knowing that they were actors,
let alone the plot of the drama they play." Z. Bauman, Life
in Fragments. Oxford, England, 1995.
brain is set up in such a way as to have spiritual experiences and
religious experiences,' said Andrew Newberg, a Philadelphia scientist
who wrote the book Why God Won't Go Away. 'Unless there is
a fundamental change in the brain, religion and spirituality will be
here for a very long time. The brain is predisposed to having those
experiences and that is why so many people believe in God.'" H.
Vedantam, "Researchers Examine Relationship Between Brain and
Religion." Washington Post, 17 June 01. P.A01.
1911, a Swiss psychiatrist named Eugen Bleuler coined the term 'schizophrenia.'
It originated from the Greek words, schizo, which translates
to "split" and phrenia, meaning "mind." When
Bleuler conveyed the meaning of this term, it was not to label a person
as a "split personality," but rather as a split between what
is believed, what is perceived, and what is objectively real. Throughout
history, the disorder has been confused and misunderstood by the general
public. The idea of 'split' has led people to equate schizophrenia
with multiple personality disorder which is a psychiatric condition
that is different and much less common. Bleuler did not want to label
schizophrenia as the disorder where a person is split into two personalities;
instead he wanted to explain that in schizophrenia, there is a splitting
away of the personality from reality." B.Varadian, "Sense
of Self: Schizophrenia and I." http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro99/web1/Varadian.html
post-mortem study of the brains of 29 controls and 25 patients with
schizophrenia investigated the length and gyral folding of the temporal
lobes, and the asymmetries and inter-relationships of these two measures.
The degree of gyral folding was significantly increased in schizophrenia,
but the orientation of the sulci was not changed. Neither gender
nor side affected any of the measures of gyral anatomy, nor were
there any significant interactions of these variables with diagnosis.
The temporal lobes were significantly shortened in schizophrenia,
on two different measures, and on one of these, females had shorter
temporal lobes than males
The temporal lobe shortening remained
after controlling for brain weight and was not statistically related
to gyral folding. These two structural changes may reflect an alteration
of the cortico-cortical connectivity of the brain in schizophrenia." J.R.
Highley, et al., "Temporal lobe length is reduced, and gyral
folding is increased in schizophrenia: a post-mortem study." Schizophr. Res.
34: 1-12. (1998) http://www.psychiatry.ox.ac.uk/powic/robins_paper1.html
is: "During dream sleep, people were deeply asleep,
but at the same time the eye movements and neural activity of the
brain were indistinguishable from those signals generated by an
awake person. Only the body's muscle tone indicated a difference."
C. McPhee, Stop Sleeping Through Your Dreams. New York, 1995. p.27.
Thurman Street Bridge was built in 1905 for the Lewis and Clark World's
Fair and Oriental Exposition. It's rare hanging truss is the oldest
of its kind in Oregon. It was moved to breach Balch Gulch, and also
serves as a gateway to Forest Park's Lower McCleay Trail.
silt: Balch Creek "is home to 2,000-4,000 cutthroat
trout...These days their main threats are land-clearing, tree-cutting
and the by-products of development. And these days, developers
go after every buildable parcel in the West Hills....On Oct 4,
a water main installed under the bridge (across Balch Ravine) ruptured,
releasing a stream of water that soon turned Balch Creek a dark
shade of brown." L. Kreifels, "Clear As Mud." The
Northwest Examiner. December, 2001. pp.1,8.
route: "The La Cerra and Bingham idea is essentially
that human neurocognitive systems (the neurocognitive 'architecture')
are 'constructed' during individual development and experience,
rather than inherited as preformed circuits (structures) selected
by evolutionary pressures during and before the Pleistocene epoch.
The authors term their approach 'constructivist.'" Science-Week
Focus Report http://scienceweek.com
Mikhaylovich Dostoyevsky. (1823-1881)
Mikhaylovich is without doubt the most well-known of all famous people
who had epilepsy. Dostoyevsky's illness is a known fact to many people
who otherwise have no knowledge of epilepsy, and indeed, for many people,
reading Dostoyevsky's works is the first intensive contact that they
have with a person with epilepsy. More than anyone else, Dostoyevsky
used his own illness and the suffering that went with it as a theme
in his writing. The writer made many people in his stories and novels
have epilepsy." © German Epilepsymuseum Kork - Museum for Epilepsy
and the History of Epilepsy.
was what the ancient Greek called epilepsy, because they believed
that people stricken with it had been sought out by the gods and
possessed soothsaying abilities....Accounts of the psychic perceptions
of epileptics during their attacks reveal many mystic and shamanic
features. The descriptions of Fyodor Dostoyevsky, himself an epileptic,
are classic. In The Idiot, he writes that during the few
seconds of an attack, one feels an infinite cosmic harmony for which
one would be willing to give one's whole life." H. Kalweit, Shamans,
Healers, and Medicine Men. Boston, MA., 1992. p.214
man has some reminiscences which he would not tell to everyone, but
only to his friends. He has others which he would not reveal even to
his friends, but only to himself, and that in secret. But finally there
are still others which a man is even afraid to tell himself, and every
decent man has a considerable number of such things stored away. That
is, one can even say that the more decent he is, the greater the number
of such things in his mind." F. Dostoevsky, Notes From the
Underground. R.S. Matlaw, translator. New York, 1960.
lobe, or temporolimbic, epilepsy (TLE) is an often disabling neurological
disorder. TLE is manifested by bizarre sensory and somatic seizures
that can be triggered by light and sound. In some patients TLE is accompanied
by hypergraphia, a compulsive urge to write detailed diaries and poems
- and sometimes to draw with similar intensity." E. LaPlante.
Quoted in, X-Philes Anonymoous. http://xpa.simplenet.com/reports/4demons.html
gun: J.M. Coetzee, "The Narrative of Jacobus
Coetzee." In, Dusklands. New York 1974.
the bullets: Dostoyevsky was arrested on April 23,
1849, for voicing radical opinions in favor of freedom of the press,
abolition of serfdom, and the like. He was sentenced to death by
fell: Although the death sentence was commuted by
Tzar Nicholas I to four years of hell in a Siberian prison, followed
by an unspecified number of years of military service, Dostoyevsky
and his fellow prisoners were not told that their lives would
be spared until the last moment.
wedge-shaped flowerings of tissue sandwiched between the frontal and
occipital lobes, approximately at the midline of the skull. The temporal
lobes contain portions of the limbic system, a constellation of brain
structures that house the most important emotional circuitry of the
brain." K. Ablow, "The Man Who Loved Trains." Discover,
October 1997. p.36.
music: Professional musicians use their left
brain more than other people when listening to music, a magnetic-resonance
study suggests...musicians, unlike others, may process music much
as a language....When played a recording of Bach's Italian Concerto,
all the study's 28 subjects showed activity in the planum temporale,
part of the temporal lobe above the ear canal that is thought to
be responsible for many auditory tasks. Non-musicians' brain activity
was concentrated in the right side of the planum temporale, but
in musicians the left side dominated." E. Klarreich, "Musicians'
brains may use language modules listening to music." http://www.nature.com/nsu/010816/010816-4.html.
Music of the Spheres: a form of "sacred geometry," was
coined by Pythagoras, who was born in Ionia on the island of Sámos,
and eventually settled in Crotone, a Dorian Greek colony in southern
Italy, in 529 B.C.E, where he lectured in philosophy and mathematics.
He started an academy which became a brotherhood called the Order
of the Pythagoreans.
of an eternal harmony that he occasionally experienced:
'There are moments, and it is only a matter of five or six seconds,
when you feel the presence of the eternal harmony...a terrible
thing is the frightful clearness with which it manifests
itself and the rapture with which it fills you. If this
state were to last more than five seconds, the soul could not endure
it and would have to disappear. During these five seconds
I live a whole human existence, and for that I would give my
whole life and not think that I was paying too dearly...
"I read this
first in Oliver Sacks', The Man Who Mistook His Wife For a Hat and
Other Clinical Takes, (Summit Books, 1985. p.162) and then found
T. Alajouanine's (1963) paper on Dostoevsky's epilepsy (Brain 86:209-221),
where I learned that this specific expression of temporal lobe epilepsy
is rather uncommon. (How many prophets can we stand!?) It also
recalls Oliver Wendell Holmes' comment, 'A moment's insight is sometimes
worth a life's experience.'
"Studying art, the connection we make is to Joseph Campbell's 'aesthetic
arrest' Like perfectly transparent crystal, it is there, yet as though not
there; and all things, when seen through it, become luminous in its light--after
the experience, NOTHING will be perceived in the old way again. A mind once stretched
by an idea never regains its former shape.--also Oliver Wendell Holmes." N.Greenberg,
University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology.
http://www.bio.utk.edu/neils.nsf/. E-mail, February 8, 2002.
time we had a strobe light going and this individual actually saw Christ
in the strobe...(another) individual experienced God visiting her.
Afterwards we looked at her EEG (electroencephalogram) and there was
this classic spike and slow-wave seizure over the temporal lobe at
the precise time of the experience--the other parts of the brain were
normal." I Cotton, "Dr. Persinger's God Machine." Independent
on Sunday. 2 July 1995.
There are "certain
medieval theories that Christ was conceived through the ear of
the Virgin Mary. The angel of the Annunciation appeared and told
her she would conceive and bear a child; some theologians took
that to mean Christ was supernaturally conceived through the word
entering by the ear, and that is called the conceptio per aurem,
conception by the ear." M-L. von Franz, Alchemy.
Toronto Canada, 1980. p.268.
"In Phantoms of
the Brain, V.S. Ramachandran stated--or misstated, rather--that
Persinger 'experienced God' while stimulating his own temporal lobes
with the God machine. Persinger has tried out his own invention,
but he assured me that he has never had any religious or mystical
sensations, either while wearing the Octopus (the name of the machine)
or in any other context." J. Horann, Rational Mysticism:
Dispatches From the Border Between Science and Mysticism. Boston,
MA., 2003. p.99.
flower: Long ago, the Buddha was at Mount Grdhrakuta
to give a talk. Instead, he held up a flower. No one understood,
expect one man, who smiled. Seeing this, the Buddha said, "I
have transmitted the True Dharma, the formless form that is outside
all scriptures." This incident is Buddhism's Sermon on the
Mount (delivered some 500 years before the birth of Christ). Whether
it actually occurred---most bibliographers have their doubts, as
it can be found in no Sanskrit scriptures, an ironic place to look
for it!--it still holds the seed to all Buddhist teaching.
are many types of Epilepsy from the feeling an bit dizzy so people
carry on talking to people but they feel as they say out of it some
people have an standing fit where they kind of close they eyes for
a bit some just faint. They are the lucky few who know when they are
going to have one so can warn people. I am one of the unlucky few who
have what are called Grande Mal fits (French for big/large illness)
or it is also known as tonic-clonic, this means I have no warning of
having an fit I just go and have a big fit full works shaking all over
and sometimes foaming at the mouth." http://www.geocities.com/blackcat37_uk/ep.html
teasing out the molecular signals that govern neural development in
fruit flies, researchers have discovered how brain cells 'remember'
the order in which they are 'born' from precursor stem cells. This
type of molecular memory appears to determine the specific cell type
the newly born cells will become and influences where in the developing
brain those cells will reside permanently. In an article published
in the August 24, 2001, issue of the journal Cell, Howard
Hughes Medical Institute investigator Chris Q. Doe and colleagues at
the University of Oregon reported that Drosophila neural precursor
cells, called neuroblasts, sequentially activate four different transcription
factors. Transcription factors are proteins that activate or repress
the expression of genes. This sequence of transcription factor activation
allows the neuroblasts to give rise to a series of different daughter
cells, which ultimately become neurons and glial cells in the fruit
fly brain. The scientists found that the daughter cells continue to
produce the particular transcription factor that was active in the
neuroblast at the time of their birth a 'memory' that allows
neurons to maintain differences based on their time of birth.....In
their experiments, the scientists sought to understand in what order
the fly neuroblasts expressed four transcription factors that were
good candidates for regulating the birth order of daughter cells. These
transcription factor genes are called hunchback, Krüppel, pdm and castor....The
experiments revealed that the neuroblasts sequentially and transiently
expressed hunchback, Krüppel, pdm and then castor in that order.
'We found these windows of expression in which a neuroblast would express
just one of the transcription factors,' said Doe. 'Then the daughter
cells born during that window say, the window during which hunchback
was being expressed would maintain hunchback expression permanently.
And thats one way the daughter cells can have a molecular memory
of their birth order.' This order of genes is critical for normal brain
development, because when one of the first genes in the sequence (hunchback,
for example) is artificially turned on continuously in
a stem cell, that cell will repeatedly make first-born neurons and
never make the later-born neurons that it would normally, Doe explained.
Thus, the sequential expression of all four genes is necessary to make
different neurons from a single stem cell....'The bottom line is that
we have found four genes that work in a concerted way in every stem
cell lineage,' said Doe. 'So, its not that each stem cell has
its own set of genes, but rather all of the Drosophila stem cells that
weve been working on use that same set of four genes.' "How
Brain Cells Remember their Birth Order." http://www.hhmi.org/news/doe.html ©2001
Howard Hughes Medical Institute.
temporal lobe is devoted to the what-type issues." W.H.
Calvin and D. Bickerton, Lingua ex Machina. Cambridge, MA.,
: "The evening prior to the great enterprise, you shall
go and find a rod or verge of wild hazel which has never been touched
and which is precisely similar to the one illustrated, said rod being
forked. You shall touch it only with your eyes, waiting until the
morrow, the day of action, when you shall go and cut it at sunrise.
You shall remove all the leaves and small branches from it, if it
has any, with a steel blade that has been used to cut the throat
of a sacrificial animal, Begin your cut when the sun emerges, which
uttering the following words: 'I ask you, O great Adinay, Elohim,
Ariel and Jehovah, to give this rod the force and virtue of those
of Jacob, Moses and the great Joshua.'" Le Dragon Rouge
on L'Art de Commander les Esprits (The Red Dragon or the Art
of Commanding Spirits.) Célestes, Nismes, 1823. First published in
dragon: It was believed "by the ancient Chinese
that water flowed in subterranean courses called 'veins of the
dragon.' Passing to and fro out of sight, the hidden veins of water
served, like the bloodstream of animals, to remove impurities from
the body of the earth, considered not a pile of rock but a living
being, and to deposit curative minerals, often in hardly detectable
trace quantities. within it." C. Bird, The Divining Hand.
New York, 1979. p.74.
disorders with behavioral disturbance, may initially be interpreted
as psychiatric in origin. Many such problems relate to the temporal
lobe of the brain. The features of temporal lobe epilepsy and non-epileptic
dysfunction of the temporal lobe are so varied and so protean that
it is necessary to classify them. I have suggested the term "Possible
temporal lobe symptoms" (PTLSs) relate to features which can be
induced by stimulating areas of the temporal lobe during neurosurgery.
These symptoms only become specific symptoms of temporal lobe dysfunction
if their occurrence is validated empirically during a seizure - either
through observation or by the electroencephalogram (hence the word "possible" in
possible temporal lobe seizures). Great care must be taken in interpretation
of such features : For example, using a phenomenological analysis,
I demonstrated that the symptom of deja vu commonly regarded as symptomatic
of temporal lobe epilepsy indeed had a very special phenomenologic
quality in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Like many other
such focal symptoms, this involves its association with post-ictal
features such as sleepiness, headache and clouded consciousness
and its link in time with these features. This association provides
an excellent clue to the existence of temporal lobe epilepsy. However,
deja vu is a normal phenomenon occurring in 70 percent of the population
and unless such phenomenological detail is obtained, patients' symptomatology
may be misinterpreted." V.M Neppe, "Possible Temporal Lobe
to find: "I speculate that our right temporal
lobe allows humans to interact with a timeless space-less "non-local" reality.
The clinical experience of accessing that reality is an important
component in religious experiences. The existence of such a reality
is predicted by modern quantum theoretical physics. Such a theory
has value in that it provides a theoretical explanation for many
well-documented phenomena which currently exist outside our current
theoretical scientific model." M. Morse, "The Right Temporal
Lobe and Associated Limbic Lobe Structures as the Biological Interface
with an Interconnected Universe." http://www.melvinmorse.com/e-tlp.htm
thumb: "Viewed from
the side, each of the overarching cerebral hemispheres of the
brain resembles an old, wrinkled boxing glove. The front, middle,
and back of the glove correspond to the brain's frontal, parietal
(from the Latin for wall), and occipital (back of the head) lobes,
while the thumb of the boxing glove corresponds to the temporal
lobe." R. Restak, Brainscapes. New York, 1995. p.13
public purpose of zoos is to offer visitors the opportunity of looking
at animals. Yet nowhere in a zoo can a stranger encounter the look
of an animal. At the most, the animal's gaze flickers and passes on.
The look sideways. They look blindly beyond. They scan mechanically.
They have been immunised to encounter, because nothing can any more
occupy a central place in their attention." J. Berger, "Why
Look At Animals?" In, About Looking. New York, 1980.
children: If the human brain "is a collection
of systems designed to perform functions that...enhance reproductive
success," then built into this collective is a self-destructive
mechanism, as it is our very reproductive success that is compromising
the quality of life, all life, and life-supporting systems, of
this planet. This seems reasonable, as all systems are self-limiting.
It is not that many humans believe that their species can reproduce
exponentially without catastrophic consequences, it is the belief
that I can reproduce to the limit of my desire, as if I
am insignificant to the problem. Such a disassociated consciousness
is how the mind justifies what it knows to be an outdated and dangerous
compulsion of the system from which it arose.
machine: "The aesthetic disguise of Disney's
films, TV shows, and theme parks, in other words, hides what is
really the machine-making function of his rigidly limited and spuriously
wholesome brand of 'realism.' The only personal dream he allowed
himself to realize in any of his projects was a small-town tinkerer's
money-making vision of a 'dream machine,' a show-biz mechanism
for manipulating other's dreams, including the dreams of children." D.C.Noel, "Realizing
Dreams: Star Wars, 'Star Tours.' and the Anima Machinae." Spring (1988).
got to say: B.K. Loren tells of doing an internal
Martial Arts exercise of animal forms, called "frolics." "I
performed the Crane, the Monkey, and, finally, began the Deer.
By this time, I was in an altered state--not an altered state like
I thought I was going to channel some ancient spirit or relive
my past lives, but an altered state like an athlete or artist enters
when she loses herself to her work. I stepped forward slowly, lifted
my hands, looked over my left shoulder, as the form requires. I
repeated the movement, the world around me taking on a kind of
blur---which suddenly came into focus. In front of me stood a herd
of deer...I relaxed and, as if they were not there, continued the
form." (Then the herd moved away, all except one doe.) "Before
I finished the next move, however, I heard a strange sound...The
sound I heard was a pinched sort of squeaking noise, like a nuthatch,
but more drawn out than a nuthatch's peeps. It was connected, sustained,
resonant...I looked straight in front of me and noticed the throat
of the doe moving...She was moving toward me, slowly, making the
odd noise as she approached." The author was able to imitate
the deer's sound, until she was "carrying on what seemed very
much like a conversation with the large doe." B.K.
Loren, The Way of the River. Guilford, CT., 2001. pp.163-165.
"The human voice
box or larynx was thought to be unique, but now researchers have
found two species of deer with 'dropped larynxes' similar to those
of humans. For the deer at least, it's all about the advantages
of having a deep voice. A newborn baby's larynx resembles that
of other mammals. It pokes up into the nasal passage like a snorkel,
so babies can drink and breathe at the same time. But at three
months old, the larynx descends, opening up a cavity behind the
tongue." J. Randerson, http://www.newscientist.com/news/news.jsp?id=ns99991211
the sky: "What is quite beyond doubt is that
there is an almost universal belief in a celestial divine being,
who created the universe and guarantees the fecundity of
the earth (by pouring rain down upon it). These beings are endowed
with infinite foreknowledge and wisdom; moral laws and often tribal
ritual as well were established by them during a brief visit to
earth; they watch to see that their laws are obeyed, and lightning
strikes all who infringe them." M. Eliade, Myths, Rites,
Symbols: A Mircea Eliade Reader. New York, 1976. p.352.
hard to be up: "To be lifted to the summit
of the World Trade Center is to be carried away by the city's
to be at this seeing point creates the fiction of knowledge.
Must one then redescend into the sobre space through which
people move about, crowds that, visible from above, cannot
see there (sic) below? The fall of Icarus. On the
107th floor, a poster poses the same sphinx, a riddle to the
stroller who has
been in an instant changed into a seer: "It's hard to
be down when you're up". M. de Certeau, "Practice
of Space." In,
M. Blonsky, Editor, On Signs. Baltimore, MD., 1985.
map: "What makes maps so interesting is that
the epigenetic events that create form from place early in embryonic
development must to some extent 'anticipate' future interactions
of the two-dimensional surfaces of sensory receptor sheets (for
example, the retina or skin) with the three-dimensional world in
which the animal moves and receives stimuli." G.M. Edelman, Bright
Air, Brilliant Fire. New York, 1991. p.25.
glimmer: "We're asking: `How can we give animals
control over their lives?' " Dr. Reiss said. " `How can
we give them the chance to make their own choices? To deal with
challenges? To solve problems and use their brains? To develop
trust and good relationships with their keepers? To teach them
to learn for themselves?' "But first, Dr. Reiss said, scientists
had to decide if animals had minds. "It's new in zoos," she
said, "the idea that animals can think and feel." B.
Stewart, Recall of the Wild. The New York Times
Wall: "despite all the deathly sounds that pass
through the wailing wall, it can still provide life to one individual,
(Wole) Soyinka. The sound of the different events that occur on
the other side of the wall gives Soyinka contact with the outside
world. He is able to keep track of the days through the processions
occurring in the yard. The wall offers a reprieve from complete
isolation thus possibly contributing to Soyinka's continued existence.
In a sense, the wailing wall has a role similar to the mountain
in Shelley's 'Mont Blanc' where 'so much of life and joy is lost.'
Every time Mont Blanc becomes active, living beings on the mountain
are killed by avalanches. Yet, the rivers which result from these
avalanches help to sustain life in another area. Every time the
wall sounds, death fills the court yard. Yet it is these sounds
that help Soyinka to survive in the prison." F.Huang, "Shelley,
Hopkins and Soyinka's 'Wailing Wall.''' http://18.104.22.168/soyinka/wail3.html
caves: The Paleolithic caves were not the West's cultural
beginning, as by then we were skilled artists, a measure of our
determination to become a being separate from the animal, while
remaining related to it. The cave is both inside and outside, dream
and function, ritual and discovery--there are borders, an ego,
a flickering shadow, and the labyrinth, the mythic path where imagination
crawls in, only to come up against a wall.
poets listens: "Among the mountain tribes of
South-eastern Africa the ear was supposed to be the seat of intelligence.
Numerous instances could be given of the widespread customs and
beliefs connected with the ear as something more than a mere organ
of hearing." D.A. MacKenzie, The Migration of Symbols.
New York, 1926. p.143.
heard: "If one explores the microscopic network
of synapses with electrodes to detect what results of electrical
firing, the majority of synapes are not expressed, that is, they
show no detectable firing activity. They have been called 'silent
synapes.'" G.M. Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire. New
York, 1991. p.27.
like to believe that the Gods in their frustration try in every which
way to awaken our imagining capacities by forcing images upon us---
in dreams, in fantasies, in memories, in fears and pornographies. Since
the secular world no longer invites the Gods into its images---having
banned beauty from its schools of image-making and confined the invisible
powers to 'religious' art and art of the "insane" and their
therapies---- what can these powers do but press their presence upon
us in distorted forms....Their desperation, their imageless homelessness
drives them into the last place available: the human mind. As Heinrich
Zimmer said years ago, 'All the Gods are within.' And as Jung continued,
'The gods have become diseases.' Their insanity has become the root
of ours." J. Hillman, "A note on Hermes Inflation." http://members.home.net/archetypal-psychology/Hillman.
Man: "This tall gold Eros, naked except for red
sandals, sidles up to me at the bar and goes, 'Oh, Ms. Torchlight!
I can't tell you how much I admire your work.'
went, 'You can tell me. Tell me!'
had a sweet laugh. He introduced himself and asked my inspiration for the mask
I made Billy Lee. I told him I got the idea from a 13th-century wood carving
of the Green Man in a choirstall of Poitiers cathedral.
the Green Man?' he asked.
old, old god,' I said. 'Much older than Jesus Christ, and one of Mother Earth's
many lovers.'" -H. Nissenson, The Song of the Earth. Chapel Hill,
NC., 2001. (Drawing by H. Nissenson.)
dendrites: S. A. Greenfield, The Human Brain. New
York, 1997. p.66.
differences: D. Darling, Zen Physics. New
York, 1996. p.181.
ventral (object-properties-encoding) system in the temporal lobes not
on registers key properties of shapes, but also encodes color and texture;
this information is matched to that of objects stored in visual memory.
Thus temporal-lobe memory stores information in a visual code, which
cannot be accessed by input for other sensory modalities. The goal
of this processing is to discover which stored object is most like
the object being viewed. If a good match is obtained, the object is
recognized; however, in some cases the input may not match any particular
stored object very well." S.M. Kosslyn and O. Koenig, Wet
Mind. New York, 1992. pp.56-7.
died: I have in mind the Zen koan in which the master
and his disciple attend a funeral. The master walks up to the coffin,
taps it with a stick, and asks, "Dead, or alive?" (Hint:
Don't follow the stick.)
appropriately: B.Varadian, "Sense
of Self: Schizophrenia and I." http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/bb/neuro/neuro99/web1/
his controversial 1976 book, The Origin of Consciousness in the
Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind, Julian Jaynes, a Princeton psychologist,
argued that the brain activity of ancient people - those living roughly
3,500 years ago, prior to early evidence of consciousness such as
logic, reason, and ethics - would have resembled that of modern schizophrenics.
Jaynes maintained that, like schizophrenics, the ancients heard voices,
summoned up visions, and lacked the sense of metaphor and individual
identity that characterizes a more advanced mind. He said that some
of these ancestral synaptic leftovers are buried deep in the modern
brain, which would explain many of our present-day sensations of
God or spirituality. J. Hitt, ;This Is Your Brain on God." http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/7.11/persinger.html
are funny too: Animation (slightly altered) is by
Animation Factory. http://www.animationfactory.com
have Avebury, England: A thick tree trunk in the left foreground
almost covered by vines snaking over each other, forms a slithering
Dantean venation struggling for a higher life, while a rotund belly-of-a-stone
is alive to itself on the right side of the scene. Further away from
the camera than the tree, the stone is deceptively smaller; but as
perspective is subordinate to psychological size the stone assumes
its actual weight, plump and balanced, complexly crated, confronting
the very essence of the living tree. "Go inside a stone..." Charles
Simic wrote, "perhaps it is not dark inside at all." J. Weishaus, "The
Wise Silence: Photographs by Paul Caponigro, with Text by Marianne
Fulton." Artspace. Spring (1985).
Vagina Tree: "A pivotal performance
work in bringing together issues of eroticism and politics, Interior
be considered one of the fundamental works not only in (Carolee)
Schneemann's career but also in the history of feminist
art of the seventies. The layers of interpretation are vast
cease to provoke new ideas. The performance involved a
nude Schneemann unwrapping herself from a sheet while standing
table, then pulling from her vagina a small scroll on which
she had written a 'secret text' to be read to her audience..." R.C.
Morgan, The End of the Art World. New York, 1998.
leaves: "oddly enough...chlorophyll isn't ideally
suited to capturing sunlight. The Sun radiates most strongly in
the yellow region of the spectrum, whereas chlorophyll absorbs
most strongly in the red and blue regions. You might suppose that
the premier photosynthetic molecule on Earth would be a specialized
yellow-light absorber. The fact that it isn't suggests that no
better molecule exists for the purpose than chlorophyll." D.
Darling, Life Everywhere. New York, 2001. p.130.
Springs: Site of the Zen Mountain Center, in Big Sur,
CA. "These mountains are young, in a geologic sense, and even
now rising. Streams notch them deeply and have not had time to
broaden the steep-walled canyons to gentler slopes and shapes.
The sun's heat and long rainless seasons make water scarce, a condition
shaping the pattern of plant distribution. The north-facing hillsides
are not so dry and are covered with forests of oak, madrone, California
laurel, and other board-leafed trees. But south-facing slopes feel
the sun longer and more intensely and they support grasses, shrubs,
and patches of chaparral, dominated by chamise and manzanita, all
plants adapted to drought and fire." S. Bunnell, "Impressions
of the Tassajara Landscape." Wind Bell/. Fall 1968.
Mountain: "On my first day there a woman with
long dark hair had stridden past me. There was something unusual
about her, a graceful strength, a mysterious air. She didn't appear
again until I was waiting for a ride in the laundry truck to Monterey,
when she was suddenly at my side. Her name was Marian. I told her
I was a poet. She said that she wrote poetry too. Then she asked
if I would keep in touch. I agreed, and this we did for the next
twenty years. With a need to be a hermit, not a monk, Marian Mountain
became somewhat of a legend, living alone in the misty poison-oaked
hills of Big Sur--
wall of the Pacific Ocean beat on the west wall of the Santa
Lucias. With nothing to protect me from my environment, it was
not difficult to be at one with it. Many mornings I sat enveloped
in cool clouds that drifted in and out of the small hut
I named Half-Dipper Hermitage. -M Mountain, The Zen Environment.
New York, 1982. p.33.
From, J. Weishaus, "Reality
Dreams-Scroll 10." www.cddc.vt.edu/host/weishaus/cont-r.htm
inferior temporal lobe not only is involved in encoding object properties
but also in storing visual memories." S.M. Kosslyn and O Koenig, Wet
Mind. New York, 1992. p.80.
is considered to be gathered from different sources. Short-term
memory, the ability to retain a limited amount of information
for a period of up to an hour, seems to be located deep
in the temporal lobe. Long-term memory involves an interchange
between the temporal lobe, midbrain, and various cortical regions.
!Xam words translated as 'snorting power' also
means 'nose': power was located in the place from which trance
and which sniffed out sickness." D. Lewis-Williams
and T.A. Dowson, Images of Power: Understanding
Bushman Rock Art" Johannesburg,