discrete soul: "whereas each human individual
has a yega (designation of the soul among the Koyukon Indians)
of its own, in animals and things
these is one yega for each species, but not for each individual." Fr.
Jetté, "Riddles of the Ten'a Indians." Anthropos 8, 1913.
Bestial Soul: In the analogue of man confronting beast
and relating to it we have, while remaining man, taken on beasthood
and now see our former
selves as strange, as from the outside." R. Willis, Man and Beast.
might recognize: G. Semper, The Four Elements
of Architecture and Other
Writings. New York, 1989.
because he walked: A. Ginsberg. From, "Death News."
we been captured: "Caged like an animal, reduced
to a condition humanity imposes at will upon the animal world;
you had never noticed it before, never objected, rarely pitied
even. And now you are this. And the animal within you, the final
basic kernel at the center of being, panics." K. Millett, The Politics
New York, 1994.
to see: A. Pizarnik. From, "Much Further On."
an 'ability to return: S. Tigerman, "The Measure
Architecture" Threshold Spring 1988.
at once wondrous: G. Bataille, Lascaux or The Birth
of Art. Lausanne,
hooked beak: G. Bataille, "The 'Old Mole' and the
Prefix Sur in the Words Surhomme [Superman] and Surrealist." In, Visions
Excess, Selected Writings, 1927-1939. Minneapolis, 1985.
Cowan, "Wild Stones." Studies in Comparative Religion.
his angry voice: With the Nuer "lineage-founders
are invested ex post
facto with honorary twinship, and moreover with the specially memorable kind
twinship that consists in being born twin to an animal." Ibid, Willis.
man-made cave: "It is surprising how much in
common animal and human homes have, basically. In this similarity
of subjective organization and of living space arrangements certainly
lies one of the closest links between animals and man." Ibid; Hediger,
impressive: It is all an exhibit; this zoo, the whole
must remember: H. Hediger, Studies of the Psychology
and Behaviour of
Captive Animals in Zoos and Circuses. New York, 1955.
who have lived: G. Matoré, L'Espace humain.
of: J.V. Andréae, "Les Noces Chimigues de
Christian Rosencreutz. Paris, 1928. Is the situation of the
frustrated lion roaring atop the platform any different from
the bronze sculpture whose simpering smile never changes?
undertaking: W. Giegerich, "Killing: Psychology's
Platonism and the
Missing Link to Reality." Spring 54, 1993.
whose origin: "the animals themselvesCas individual
beings possessing power and souls and existing in their collective
associations under the protection of the guardian spirit of the speciesCwere
probably among the oldest objects of the hunter's veneration; the
game spirits and game gods were perhaps the oldest divine figures
known to mankind." I. Paulson, "The Animal Guardian." History
Religions 3 (1964)
is controlled: R. Willis, Man and Beast. London,
the moment of arrest: K. Millett, The Politics of
New York, 1994.
species to whom: In the background of the African Plains
stands a Hyatt Hotel.
questions here: Hediger; Ibid, 1955.
with ourselves: B. Lopez, Parabola. Spring
articulated only: I have forgotten to look him in the
without expecting meaning.
their surplus: J. Berger, "Ape Theatre." In, Keeping
a Rendezvous. New York, 1991.
recently: J.E. Pfeiffer, The Creative Explosion.
New York, 1982.
thing higher: The first zoos were pits modeled on
bear pits, the animals
observed from above. "Look at our usual blueprints, our usual models. They
are drawn from above as floor plans; the view is down from the ceiling. The place
from which the
gods have fled is now where the planner sits." J. Hillman, "Ceiling." In,
Thomas Moore, ed., A Blue Fire: Selected Writings by James Hillman. New
cast halos: One day Sadna, living with her father,
was kidnapped by a petrel in human form. Her father rescued her,
but the petrel pursued them, and caused a storm that threatened
to sink the kayak. In his fear, Sadna's father threw her overboard.
She clung to the boat, so her father chapped off her hands, which
became the seal and the walrus. Then Sadna then sank to the bottom
of the sea, where she reigns as "Mother of sea
animals." (Eskimo myth)
bears stretch: I love the bears/with their silence./They
are like me when it rains,/imagining it is March/and about to
wake up/with everything changed. R. Pflum.
From, "The Silence of Bears."
on: "It is as though we had told the polar bear
his solitary life and the implacable hunger that made him a persistent
and resourceful hunter had no meaning for
us." Ibid, Lopez.
pace: "Zoo animals, for instance, who are medically
well cared for, well fed and protected from the elements yet
may show bizarre behaviour patterns such as pacing backwards
and forwards, bobbing up and down, masturbation, self-mutilation
on." M.S. Dawkins, Animal Suffering. London, 1980.
the success or failure: J. Nollman, Animal Dreaming.
the animal does not feel: H. Hediger, Man and Animal
Zoo. New York, 1969.
third century: J.R. Luoma, A Crowded Ark. Boston,
own condemned selves: "If indeed poets experience
an affinity for the world of walls, bars, and locks, it is because
it reflects the images of
their own condition." V. Brombert, The Romantic Prison. Princeton,
one of shifting: A. Betsky, "Lebbeus Woods: Materialist
Experiences." Architecture and Urbanism. August, 1991. ("Both" refers
to the architects Lebbeus Woods and Giovanni Battista Piranesi.)
flying circuses: "In the wonderful age of the mythological
beginnings, the offspring of the original eight elephants had wings.
Like clouds, they
freely roamed about the sky.
"But...inadvertently, these blithe, winged elephants alighted
on the branch of a giant tree north of the Himalayas. An ascetic named Dirghatapas,
'Long Austerity,' had his seat beneath it and was at that moment teachingCwhen
the heavy arm of the tree, unable to support the load, broke and fell upon the
pupils' heads. A number were killed, but the elephants, not worrying in the least,
nimbly caught themselves in flight and settled on another bough....The angry
saint cursed them roundly. Henceforth they and their whole race were deprived
of their wings, and remained on the ground subservient to
man." H. Zimmer, Myths and Symbols in Indian Art and Civilization. Princeton,
I understood then: M. Proust, Pleasures and Days.
inside the curl: Two elephants circling a world of bars.
No roaming, no range. Asian and African brought together, both wrinkled
with the meanders of 10 thousand years. Then the third, their baby,
tosses dirt at me, then back over his
shoulder. Now we're both clean.
spate of German: Unlike with the concentration camp
victims, those few who lived to tell their stories, these captive
species cannot write or speak to us. They cannot tell their stories
to us. Thus we must bear their witness to our domination of this
planet, and the consequences of this delirium, one of which is
glossolalia: In the Garden of Eden, Adam could speak
with the animals, and thus knew their names before naming them. They
informed him, and he merely repeated what he heard. But we refuse
to believe in his animal nature, and so give him credit for the names.
For God said he was "human," and he believed this voice,
because it sounded so much like his own.
as axis mundi: J. Hillman, "The Elephant
in The Garden of Eden." Spring 50, 1990.
Ark that is: The Ark was built to save all the species:
we are all pitching in the same boat. But as we toss others overboard,
to make room for more of our own, the Ark is slowly being drained
of its purpose. Lost, too, are the birds who were charged with
scouting ahead for a safe port, having been sacrificed for sport.