A(o)IR Ethics Working Group

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Other Resources

Web Resources

Prof. Ess's Internet Research Course
IS Research Ethics: Defining Ethical, Barely Ethical and Unethical Behaviour
Science Ethics Bibliography by Vince Hammer
Codes of Conduct/Practice/Ethics from Around the World by J.A.N. Lee, et. al.
Codes of Professional Ethics/Standards from IIT
Ethics in Science
Office of Human Research Protection, U.S. Gov.
Association for Practical and Professional Ethics
Online Resource for Instruction in Responsible Conduct of Research from UCSD
Web sites:
Codes of Professional Ethics/Standards,
I recommend the site at Illinois Institute of Technology. Vivial Weil has
put together a very nice collection at

In addition, there are a number of research ethics sites including the

Ethics in Science: http://www.chem.vt.edu/ethics/ethics.html

Office of Human Research Protection: http://ohrp.osophs.dhhs.gov/

The Association for Practical and Professional Ethics:

The Online Resource for Instruction in Responsible Conduct of Research:

The Web site for Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research is

The Applied Research Ethics National Association (ARENA) is part of PRIMR
and their site is

A Brief and Randon Bibliography: Internet Ethics

(Kate S. O'Riordan)

Behaviour in Public?: Ethics in Online Ethnography

By Allison Cavanagh, University of Manchester, England.



Ethical and Legal Aspects of Human Subjects Research on the Internet.

Mark S. Frankel and Sanyin Siang

Available as PDF: http://www.aaas.org/spp/dspp/sfrl/projects/intres/main.htm


TITLE: Privacy and Research with Human Beings

AUTHOR: Kelman, Herbert C.


JOURNAL_CITATION: Journal of Social Issues; 33, 3, 169-95, Sum 77

ABSTRACT: This paper explores the psychological significance of preserving privacy, the ways in which different kinds of research may threaten privacy, the requirements for minimizing or counteracting such threats, and the conditions under which research representing a certain degree of invasion of privacy can nevertheless be justified.


DESCRIPTORS: Civil Liberties; *Codes of Ethics; Confidential Records; *Confidentiality; *Privacy; *Research Methodology; Research Needs; Research Problems; *Research Utilization; *Social Science Research


Fair Information Practices with Computer

Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)

by Rob Kling (kling@ics.uci.edu)



The Digital Ethnographer

By Bruce Mason & Bella Dicks, Cardiff University, Wales.



TITLE: Public Flames and Private Fantasies: When Is Computer-Mediated Communication Private?

AUTHOR: Penkoff, Diane


ABSTRACT: Noting that corporations and academic institutions are struggling with issues of balance between system security and freedom of speech, this paper reviews current literature concerning privacy in computer-mediated communication (CMC) from the perspectives of both the individual user and the system administration. Focusing on the

communicative rather than the technical aspects of CMC, the paper considers personal rights to privacy and freedom of expression, weighed against system administrator liabilities and responsibilities to users. The paper notes that system administrators and owners of academic systems join private and corporate sectors in walking an ethical and legal tightrope and notes that researchers, apart from legal considerations, are wrestling with the ethics and moral responsibilities of sampling text from public bulletin boards and mailing lists. The paper suggests that users engage in riskycommunication in spite of system limitations for security and privacy. The paper concludes that CMC is evolving

minute-by-minute, offering communication scholars new opportunities for research with every new development.

(Contains 54 refrences.) (RS)

DESCRIPTORS: *Communication Research; *Computer Mediated Communication; Ethics; *Freedom of Speech;

Higher Education; Literature Reviews; *Privacy; Research Needs; Technological Advancement

IDENTIFIERS: *Communication Behavior

Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western States Communication Association (65th, San

Jose, CA, February 23-27, 1994).


Ethical Research in the Information Age: Beginning the Dialog.

AUTHOR: Schrum, Lynne


JOURNAL_CITATION: Computers in Human Behavior; v13 n2 p117-25 May 1997

ABSTRACT: Qualitative researchers who study electronic communities or describe online communications must change their research tools and adapt their activities to new environments to continue ethical practices. Possibilities of online research within the context of ethical qualitative practice are explored, and suggestions are offered for

appropriate ways in which to use these tools. (Author/AEF)

DESCRIPTORS: Codes of Ethics; *Computer Mediated Communication; *Ethics; Information Seeking; Information Technology; *Online Systems; Research Design; Research Methodology; Researchers

IDENTIFIERS: Information Age



Azar, Beth,  Monitor on Psychology, April   2000   Volume 31   Number 4 (A
Web of research  They're fun, they're fast and they save money, but do Web
experiments yield quality results?)

Siang, Sanyin, Researching ethically with human subjects in cyberspace.
Professional Ethics Report, Vol XII, #4, Fall, 1999 Online at

Privacy and Ethics Survey among Computer Professionals by Frank Maldacker,
Pace University and Stuart A. Varden, Pace University February, 1997


Birnbaum, M.H. (Ed.). (2000). "Psychological Experiments on the Internet."
San Diego: Academic Press.   (A group of chapters that deal with
comparability and other issues, some of this is quite good)

Birnbaum, M.H. (2000). "Introduction to Behavioral Research on the
Internet." Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. (A methods text with a
CD of examples and software, no chapter on ethics)

Mann, C., & Stewart, F. (2000).  Internet communication and qualitative
research: A handbook for researching online.  Sage Publications.  (Has an
interesting chapter on the ethical framework of online research.  Probably
the most relevant information).