Feminist Theory Website

Feminist Aesthetics


Feminists on this site:

Teresa de Lauretis

Bracha Lichtenberg-Ettinger

Adrian Piper

Griselda Pollock

Christina von Braun

Feminists on other sites

Judy Chicago

Lucy Lippard

Cindy Sherman

Other Individual Feminists:

Laura Mulvey

Linda Nocklin

Constance Penley

Jacqueline Rose

Internet Links

The National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, DC can be reached here.

There is a fascinating feminist art journal called N Paradoxa -- International Feminist Art Journal, which you can reach here.

Another wonderful feminist art journal, which is celebrating its 10th year, is Women and Performance: a journal of feminist theory. You can reach it here.

An excellent resource for feminist theory of cinema is Women in Cinema: A Reference Guide, which is here.

A good source for feminist theories of music can be found here.

The Inside the Visible: Alternative Views of 20th Century Art Through Women's Eyes at MIT press here.

A Link to the back issues of Third Text: Third World Perspectives on Contemporary Art and Culture, can be reached here.

You can reach "Early Music by Women Composers" here.

The Guerilla Girls homepage is here.

You can access the classic feminist film theory journal, Camera Obscura, here.

Filmographies are
available on these
country pages:





Burkina Faso




















South Africa













      This page includes information on Aesthetic Theory, Art in General, History of Women Artists, Architecture, Dance, Film, Music, Painting and Sculpture, Performance Art, and Theatre.


      Aesthetic Theory

      Allan, Tuzyline Jita. Womanist and Feminist Aesthetics: A Comparative Review. Ohio Univ. Press, 1995.

      Battersby, Christine. Gender and Genius: Towards a Feminist Aesthetics. Indiana Univ. Press, 1989.

      Brand, Peggy Zeglin and Carolyn Korsmeyer, ed. Feminism and Tradition in Aesthetics. Penn State Univ. Press, 1995.

      Deepwell, Katy, ed. New Feminist Artr Criticism: Critical Strategies. Manchester Univ. Press, 1995.

      Deutsche, Rosalyn. Evictions: Art and Spatial Politics. MIT Press, 1996.

      Ecker, Gisela, ed. Feminist Aesthetics. Trans. Harriet Anderson. Beacon Press, 1986.

      Frueh, Joanna, Cassandra L. Langer, and Arlene Raven. New Feminist Criticism: Art, Identity, Action. 1993.

      Hein, Hilde and Carolyn Korsmeyer, ed. Aesthetics in Feminist Perspective. Indiana Univ. Press, 1993.

      Kipnis, Laura. Ecstasy Unlimited: On Sex, Capital, Gender, and Aesthetics. Univ. Minnesota Press, 1993.

      Langer, Cassandra L. Feminist Art Criticism: An Annotated Bibliography. G.K. Hall, 1993.

      Langer, Cassandra L. A Feminist Critique. Harper Collins, 1996.

      Piper, Adrian, Lowery S. Sims and Ted Potter. Next Generation: Southern Black Aesthetic. Univ. North Carolina Press, 1990.

      Piper, Adrian. Out of Order, Out of Sight. MIT Press, 1996.

        Volume I: Selected Writings in Meta-Art, 1968-1992.

        Volume II: Selected Writings in Art Criticism, 1967-1992.

      Pollock, Griselda. Trouble in the Archives. Differences 4/3.

      Raven, Arlene, Cassandra Langer, and Joanna Frueh, ed. Feminist Art Criticism. 1991.

      Art in General

      Battersby, Christine. Gender and Genius: Towards a Feminist Aesthetics. Indiana Univ. Press, 1990.

      Bigwood, Carol. Earth Muse: Feminism, Nature, and Art. Temple Univ. Press, 1993.

      Broude, Norma and Mary D. Garrard, ed. The Expanding Discourse: Feminism and Art History. NY: Icon Editions, 1992.

      Broude, Norma and Mary D. Garrard, ed. Feminism and Art History: Questioning the Litany. Icon Editions, 1982.

      Caputi, Mary. Voluptuous Yearnings: A Feminist Theory of the Obscene. Rowman and Littlefield, 1994.

      Isaak, Jo Anna. Feminism and Contemporary Art: The Revolutionary Power of Women's Laughter. Routledge, 1996.

      Lambert, Ellen Zetzel. The Face of Love: Feminism and the Beauty Question. Beacon Press, 1995.

      Hoorn, Jeanette, ed. Strange Women: Essays in Art and Gender. Melbourne Univ. Press, 1994.

      Moore, Catriona, ed. Dissonance: Feminism and the Arts, 1970-1990. St. Leonards: Allen and Unwin Australia, 1994.

      Mulvey, Laura. Fetishism and Curiosity. British Film Institute, 1996.

      Nochlin, Linda. Women, Art, and Power and Other Essays. Icon Editions, 1989.

      Pacteau, Francette. The Symptom of Beauty. Belknap Press, 1994.

      Parker, Rozsika and Griselda Pollock, ed. Framing Feminism: Art and the Women's Movement, 1970-85. Harper San Francisco, 1987.

      Pollock, Griselda. Avant-Garde Gambits: Gender and the Colour of Art History. London: Thames, 1992.

      Pollock, Griselda. Differencing the Canon: Feminist Desire and the Writing of Art Histories. New York: Routledge, 1999.

      Pollock, Griselda. Vision and Difference: Femininity, Feminism, and the Histories of Art. Methuen Drama, 1988.

      Pollock, Griselda and Rozsika Parker. Framing Feminism: Art and the Women's Movement, 1970-1985. London: Pandora Books, 1987.

      Pollock, Griselda. Generations and Geographies in the Visual Arts: Feminist Readings. London: Routledge, 1996.

      Pollock, Griselda. Vision and Difference: Femininity, Feminism and the Histories of Art. London: Routledge, 1988.

      Suleiman, Susan Rubin. Subversive Intent: Gender, Politics, and the Avant-Garde. Harvard Univ. Press, 1990.

      History of Women Artists

      Benzel, Kathryn N. and Lauren Pringle De La Vars, ed. Images of the Self as Female: The Achivement of Women Artists in Re-Envisioning Feminine Identity. Mellen Press, 1991.

      Bentz, Valerie Malhotra and Philip E.F. Mayes, ed. Women's Power and Roles as Portrayed in Visual Images of Women in the Arts and Mass Media. Mellen Press, 1993.

      Bissell, R. Ward. Artemisia Gentileschi and the Authority of Art. Penn State Univ. Press, 1998.

      Chicago, Judy. Beyond the Flower: The Autobiography of a Feminist Artist. Penguin USA, 1996.

      Deepwell, Katy, ed. Women Artists and Modernism. Manchester University Press, 1998.

      Fine, Elsa Honig. Women and Art: A History of Women Painters and Sculptors from the Renaissance to the 20th Century. 1991.

      Jenefsky, Cindy and Ann Russo. Without Apology: Andrea Dworkin's Art and Politics. Westview Press, 1997.

      Jones, Amelia, ed. Sexual Politics: Judy Chicago's Dinner Party in Feminist Art History. Univ. of California Press, 1996.

      Jones, Suzanne W., ed. Writing the Woman Artist: Essays on Poetics, Politics, and Portraiture. Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

      Lippard, Lucy. The Pink Glass Swan: Selected Essays on Feminist Art. New Press, 1995.

      Meskimmon, Marsha. The Art of Reflection: Women Artists' Self-Portraiture in the Twentieth Century. Columbia Univ. Press, 1996.

      Nemser, Cindy. Art Talk: Conversations with 15 Women Artists. Westview Press,1996.

      Piland, Sherry. Women Artists: An Historical, Contemporary and Feminst Bibliography. Scarecrow Press, 1994.

      Pollock, Griselda and Rozsika Parker. Old Mistresses: Women, Art and Ideology. London: Pandora Books, 1981.

      Pollock, Griselda. Mary Cassatt. London: Jupiter Books, 1980.


      Coleman, Debra, Elizabeth Danze, Carol Henderson, and Courtney Mercer, ed. Architecture and Feminism: Yale Publications on Architecture. Princeton Architectural Press, 1996.


      Banes, Sally. Dancing Women: Female Bodies on Stage. Routledge, 1998.

      Manning, Susan. Ecstacy and the Demon: Feminism and Nationalism in the Dances of Mary Wigman. Univ. of California Press, 1993.

      Thomas, Helen, ed. Dance, Gender, and Culture. St. Martins Press, 1993.


      Anderson, Lisa M. Mammies No More: The Changing Image of Black Women on Stage and Screen. Rowman and Littlefield, 1997.

      Byers, Jackie. All That Hollywood Allows: Re-Reading Gender in the 1950s Melodrama. Univ. of North Carolina Press, 1991.

      Carson, Diane, Linda Dittmar, and Janice R. Welsch, ed. Multiple Voices in Feminist Film Criticism. Univ. of Minnesota Press,1994.

      Christensen, Inger. Literary Women on the Screen: The Representation of Women in Films Based on Imaginative Literature. Peter Lang Pub., 1991.

      Cowie, Elizabeth. Representing the Woman: Cinema and Psychoanalysis. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1996.

      Creed, Barbara. The Monstrous-Feminine: Film, Feminism, Psychoanalysis. Routledge, 1994.

      deLauretis, Teresa. Alice Doesn't: Feminism, Semiotics, Cinema. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.

      deLauretis, Teresa and Stephen Heath, ed. The Cinematic Apparatus. London: Macmillan, 1980.

      deLauretis, Teresa. Technologies of Gender: Essays on Theory, Film, and Fiction. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987.

      Erens, Patricia, ed. Issues in Feminist Film Criticism. Indiana Univ. press, 1991.

      Freeland, Cynthia A. "Feminist Film Theory." You can read this article here.

      Grant, Barry Keith, ed. The Dread of Difference: Gender and the Horror Film. Univ. of Texas Press, 1996.

      Green, Philip. Cracks in the Pedestal: Ideology and Gender in Hollywood. Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1998.

      Haskell, Molly. Holding My Own in No Man's Land: Women and Men and Film and Feminists. Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

      hooks, bell. Reel to Real: Race, Sex, and Class at the Movies. Routledge, 1997.

      Humm, Maggie. Feminism and Film. Indiana Univ. Press, 1997.

      Jayamanne, Laleen. Kiss Me Deadly: Feminism and Cinema for the Moment. Power Pub., Inc., 1996.

      Kaplan, E. Ann. Looking for the Other: Feminism, Film, and the Imperial Gaze. Routledge, 1997.

      Kuhn, Annette. Women's Pictures: Feminism and Cinema. Verso Books, 1994.

      Lee, Gia B. Revisions of Feminism: An Analysis of Contemporary Film and Video Directed by Asian American Women. 1992.

      Mellencamp, Patricia. A Fine Romance ... Five Ages of Film Feminism. Temple Univ. Press, 1995.

      Modelski, Tania. The Women Who Knew Too Much: Hitchcock and Feminist Theory. Routledge, Kegan and Paul, 1996.

      Mueller, Roswitha. Valie Export: Fragments of the Imagination (Women Artists in Film). Indiana Univ. Press, 1994.

      Mulvey, Laura. Fetishism and Curiosity. British Film Institute, 1996.

      O'Sickey, Ingerborg Majer and Ingerborg Von Zadow, ed. Triangulated Visions: Women in Recent German Cinema. SUNY Press, 1998.

      Penley, Constance. Feminism and Film Theory. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1988.

      Penley, Constance. The Future of an Illusion: Film, Feminism, and Psychoanalysis. 1989.

      Penley, Constance and Sharon Willis, ed. Male Trouble (Camera Obscura). Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1993.

      Penley, Constance, Elisabeth Lyon, Lynn Spigel, and Janet Bergstrom, ed. Close Encounters: Film, Feminism, and Science Fiction. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1990.

      Pietropaolo, Laura and Ada Testaferri, ed. Feminisms in the Cinema. Indiana Univ. Press, 1995.

      Rainer, Yvonne, et. al. The Films of Yvonne Rainer. Indiana Univ. Press, 1989.

      Rich, B. Ruby. Chick Flicks: Theories and Memories of the Feminist Film Movement. Duke Univ. Press, 1998.

      Silverman, Kaja. The Threshold of the Visible World. Routledge, 1996.

      Smelik, Anneke. And the Mirror Cracked: Feminist Cinema and Film Theory. St. Martins Press, 1998.

      Staiger, Janet. Bad Women: Regulating Sexuality in Early American Cinema. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1995.

      Straayer, Chris. Deviant Eyes, Deviant Bodies: Sexual Re-Orientation in Film and Video. Columbia Univ. Press, 1996.

      Studlar, Gaylyn. In the Realm of Pleasure: Von Sternberg, Dietrich, and the Masochistic Aesthetic. Columbia Univ. Press, 1988.

      Thornham, Sue. Passionate Detachments: An Introduction to Feminist Film Theory. Edward Arnold, 1998.

      Walker, Janet. Couching Resistance: Women, Film, and Psychoanalytic Psychiatry. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1993.

      Whatling, Clare. Screen Dreams: Fantasising Lesbians in Film. Manchester Univ. Pres, 1997.

      Williams, Linda. Hard Core: Power, Pleasure, and the 'Frenzy of the Visible'." Univ. of California Press, 1999.


      Bolen, Jean Shinoda. Ring of Power: Symbols and Themes in Wagner's Ring Cycle, a Jungian Feminist Perspective. Nicolas Hays, 1999.

      Clément, Catherine. Opera, or the Undoing of Women. Trans. by Betsy Wing. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1989.

      Cook, Susan C. and Judy S. Tsou, ed. Cecilia Reclaimed: Feminist perspectives on Gender and Music. Univ. of Illinois Press, 1994.

      Davis, Angela Y. Blues Legacies and Black Feminism. Pantheon Books, 1998.

      Ericson, Margaret. Woman and Music: A Selective Annotated Bibliography on Women and Gender Issues in Music, 1987-1992. G.K. Hall, 1996.

      McClary, Susan. Feminine Endings: Music, Gender, and Sexuality. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1991.

      Post, Laura and Dar Williams. Backstage Pass: Interviews with Women in Music. New Victoria Pub., 1997.

      Painting and Sculpture

      Betterson, Rosemary, ed. Looking On: Images of Femininity in the Visual Arts and Media.1987.

      Brand, Peggy Zeglin and Carolyn Korsmeyer, ed. Feminism and Tradition in Aesthetics. Penn State Univ. Press, 1995.

      Broude, Norma. Impressionism: A Feminist Reading:The Gendering of Art, Science, and Nature in the Nineteenth Century. Westview Press, 1991.

      Elliott, Bridget and Janice Williamson. Dangerous Goods: Feminist Visual Art Practices. 1990.

      Jones, Suzanne W., ed. Writing the Woman Artist: Essays on Poetics, Politics, and Portraiture. Univ. of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

      Lichtenberg-Ettinger, Bracha. The Matrixial Gaze. Feminist Arts and Histories Network: - Fine Arts, Leeds Univ., 1995.

      Lichtenberg-Ettinger, Bracha. Time is the Breath of the Spirit. (co-authored with Emmanuel Levinas) Museum of Modern Art. Oxford, 1993.

      Lichtenberg-Ettinger, Bracha. A Threshold Where We Are Afraid. (co-authored with Edmund Jabès) Museum of Modern Art. Oxford, 1993.

      Lichtenberg-Ettinger, Bracha. Matrix * Halal(a) -- Lapsus, Notes on Painting. Museum of Modern Art. Oxford, 1993.

      Lichtenberg-Ettinger, Bracha. Matrix et le Voyage a Jerusalem de C.B. (bilingual French and Hebrew) 1990.

      Pollock, Griselda, ed. Generations and Geographies in the Visual Arts: Feminist Readings. Routledge, 1996.

      Schor, Mira. Wet: On Painting, Feminism, and Art Culture. Duke University Press, 1997.

      Todd, Ellen Wiley. The "New Woman" Revised: Painting and Gender Politics on Fourteenth Street. Univ. of California Press, 1993.

      Performance Art

      Frueh, Joanna. Erotic Faculties. Univ. of California Press, 1996.

      Goodman, Lizbeth and Jane de Gay, ed. The Routledge Reader in Gender and Performance. Routledge, 1998.

      Jones, Amelia. Body Art/ Performing the Subject. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1998.

      O'Dell, Kathy. Contract with the Skin: Masochism, Performance Art, and the 1970s. Univ. of Minnesota Press, 1998.

      Phelan, Peggy. Unmarked: The Politics of Performance Routledge, 1993.

      Rapi, Nina and Maya Chowdhry, ed. Acts of Passion: Sexuality, Gender, and Performance. Haworth Press, 1998.

      Schneider, Rebecca. The Explicit Body in Performance. Routledge, 1997.


      Aston, Elaine. An Introduction to Feminism and Theatre. Routledge, 1995.

      Canning, Charlotte. Feminist Theaters in the U.S.A.: Staging Women's Experience. 1996.

      Case, Sue-Ellen. Feminism and Theatre. Routledgge, 1988.

      Case, Sue-Ellen, ed. Performing Feminisms: Feminist Critical Theory and Theatre. Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1990.

      Diamond, Elin. Unmaking Mimesis: Essays on Feminism and Theater. Routledge, 1997.

      Finney, Gail. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theater at the Turn of the Century. Cornell Univ. Press, 1989.

      Keyssar, Helene, ed. Feminist Theory and Theatre. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1996.

      Kintz, Linda. The Subject's Tragedy: Political Poetics, Feminist Theory, and Drama. Univ. of Michigan Press, 1992.

      Laughlin, Karen and Catherine Schuler. Theatre and Feminist Aesthetics. Farleigh Dickinson Univ. Press, 1995.

      Martin, Carol, ed. A Sourcebook of Feminist Theatre and Performance: On and Beyond the Stage. Routledge, 1996.

      Schneider, Rebecca. The Explicit Body in Performance. Routledge, 1997.

      Schroeder, Patricia R. The Feminist Possibilities of Dramatic Realism. Farleigh Dickinson Univ. Press, 1996.

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