Feminist Theory Website

Feminism and Science


Individual Feminists:

Donna Haraway

Evelyn Fox Keller

Helen Longino

Ma Huidi

Margarete Maurer

Other Feminists:

Ruth Bleier

Lynda Birke

Sandra Harding

Hilary Rose

Dorothy Smith

Adrienne Zihlman

Internet Links

The "Nobel Prize Internet Archive" has a list of women Nobel Prize Laureates in Physics, Chemistry, and Physiology & Medicine. You can reach this list here.

Edinburgh University Press is launching a new feminist series on Gender, Science, and Technology. For more information, please contact the General Editor, Dr. Lynda Birke, here.

You can order copies of the journal, "Women and Health," edited by Jeanne Mager Stellman, from The Haworth Press, at this postal address: The Haworth Press, Inc., 10 Alice Street, Binghamton, NY 13904-1580. Free samples copies of this journal are available to libraries and faculty with library recommendation.

Science and
Feminism is also
available on
these country pages:


























      This page includes information on both the Natural and Social Sciences. The specific topics are: Science in General, Biology, Health & Medicine, Nature & Animals, Research Methodology, and Social Life.


      Science in General

      Ambrose, Susan A., ed. Journeys of Women in Science and Engineering. Temple Univ. Press, 1998.

      Barr, Jean and Lynda Birke. Common Science? Women, Science and Knowledge. Indiana University Press, 1998.

      Benjamin, Marina, ed. A Question of Identity: Women, Science, and Literature. Rutgers Univ. Press, 1993.

      Clarke, Bruce. Dora Marsden and Early Modernism: Gender, Individualism, Science. Univ. of Michigan Press, 1996.

      Duran, Jane. Philosophies of Science: Feminist Theories. Westview Press, 1997.

      Hager, Lori, ed. Women in Human Evolution. Routledge, 1997.

      Hanen, Marsha and Kai Nielsen, ed. Science, Morality and Feminist Theory. 1987.

      Haraway, Donna. Modest-Winess, Second-Millenium: Femaleman Meets Oncomouse: Feminism and Technoscience. Routledge, 1997.

      Haraway, Donna. Primate Visions: Gender, Race, and Nature in the World of Moden Science. Routledge, 1989.

      Haraway, Donna. Simians, Cyborgs and Women: the Reinvention of Nature. Free Association Press, 1991.

      Harding, Sandra. Is Science Multicultural? Postcolonialisms, Feminisms, and Epistemologies. Indiana Univ. Press, 1998.

      Harding, Sandra. The 'Racial' Economy of Science: Toward a Democratic Future. Indiana University Press, 1993.

      Harding, Sandra. The Science Question in Feminism. Cornell Univ. Press, 1986.

      Harding, Sandra and Jean F. O'Barr, ed. Sex and Scientific Inquiry. Univ. of Chicago Press, 1987.

      Harding, Sandra and Merrill B. Hintikka, ed. Discovering Reality: Feminist Perspectives on Epistemology, Metaphysics, Methodology, and Philosophy of Science. D. Reidel Pub. Co., 1983.

      Harvey, Joy. "Almost a Man of Genius": Clemence Royer, Feminism, and Nineteenth-Century Science. Rutgers Univ. Press, 1997.

      Jacobus, Mary, Evelyn Fox Keller and Sally Shuttleworth, ed. Body / Politics: Women and the Discourses of Science. 1990.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox. A Feeling for the Organism: The Life and Work of Barbara McClintock. W.H. Freeman, 1983.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox. Reflection on Gender and Science. Yale University Press, 1985.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox and Helen E. Longino, ed. Feminism and Science. Oxford Univ. Press, 1996.

      Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory and Helen E. Longino, ed. Women, Gender, and Science: New Directions. Univ. Chicago Press, 1998.

      Longino, Helen E. Can There Be a Feminist Science? 1986.

      Longino, Helen E. Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry. Princeton Univ. Press, 1990.

      Lykke, Nina and Rosi Braidotti, ed. Between Monsters, Goddesses and Cyborgs: Feminist Confrontations with Science, Medicine and Cyberspace. 1996.

      Nelson, Lynn Hankinson and Jack Nelson, ed. Feminism, Science, and the Philosophy of Science. Kluwer Academic Pub., 1996.

      Newman, Louise Michele, ed. Men's Ideas/Women's Realities: Popular Science, 1870-1915. Elsevier Science Ltd., 1985.

      Pattatucci, Angela M., ed. Women in Science: Meeting Challenges and Transcending Boundaries. Sage, 1998.

      Paxton, Nancy L. George Eliot and Herbert Spencer: Feminism, Evolutionism, and the Reconstruction of Gender. princeton Univ. Press, 1991.

      Rose, Hilary. Love, Power and Knowledge: Towards a Feminist Transformation of the Sciences. Indiana Univ. Press, 1994.

      Rosser, Sue, ed. Teaching the Majority: Breaking the Gender Barrier in Science, Mathematics and Engineering. Teachers College Press, 1995.

      Schiebinger, Londa. The Mind Has No Sex? Women in the Origins of Modern Science. Harvard University Press, 1989.

      Schiebinger, Londa. Nature's Body: Sexual Politics and the Making of Modern Science. Beacon Press, 1993.

      Tuana, Nancy, ed. Feminism and Science. Indiana Univ. Press, 1989.

      Tuana, Nancy. The Less Noble Sex: Scientific, Religious, and Philosophical Conceptions of Woman's Nature. Indiana Univ. Press, 1993.


      Adams, Alice E. Reproducing the Womb: Images of Childbirth in Science, Feminist Theory, and Literature. Cornell Univ. Press, 1994.

      Birke, Lynda. Women, Feminism and Biology: The Feminist Challenge. Methuen, 1986.

      Birke, Lynda and Ruth Hubbard. Reinventing Biology: Respect for Life nad the Creation of Knowledge. Indiana University Press, 1995.

      Bleier, Ruth. Science and Gender: A Critique of Biology and Its Theories on Women. Elsevier Science Ltd., 1984.

      Fausto-Sterling, Anne. Myths of Gender. Basic Books, 1992.

      Hager, Lori D., ed. Women in Human Evolution. Routledge, 1997.

      Hubbard, Ruth. The Politics of Women's Biology. Rutgers University Press, 1990.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox. Refiguring Life: Metaphors of Twentieth Century Biology (The Welleck Lectures). Columbia University Press, 1995.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox. Secrets of Life, Secrets of Death. Routledge, 1992.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox and Elizabeth Lloyd, ed. Keywords in Evolutionary Discourse. Harvard University Press, 1992.

      Rosser, Sue. Biology and Feminism: A Dynamic Interaction. Twayne, 1992.

      Spanier, Bonnie B. Im/partial Science: Gender Ideology in Molecular Biology. Indiana Univ. Press, 1995.

      Tobach, Ethel and Betty Rosoff, ed. Challenging Racism and Sexism: Alternatives to Genetic Explanations. Feminist Press, 1994.

      van den Wijngaard, Marianne. Reinventing the Sexes: The Biomedical Construction of Femininity and Masculinity. Indiana Univ. Press, 1997.

      Wilson, Elizabeth A. Neural Geographies: Feminism and the Microstructure of Cognition. Routledge, 1998.

      Health & Medicine

        For information on Medical Ethics, click here.

      Clarke, Adele E. and Virginia Olesen, ed. Revisioning Women, Health and Healing: Feminist, Cultural and Technoscience Perspectives. Routledge, 1998.

      Delamont, Sara and Lorna Duffin, ed. The Nineteenth-Century Woman: Her Cultural and Physical World. 1978.

      Koblinsky, Marge, Judith Timyan, and Jill Gay, ed. The Health of Women: A Global Perspective. 1992.

      Rosser, Sue V., ed. Feminism within the Science and Health Care Professions: Overcoming Resistance. 1988.

      Rosser, Sue V. Teaching Science and Health from a Feminist Perspective: A Practical Guide. 1986.

      Rowold, Katharina, ed. Gender and Science: Late Nineteenth-Century Debates on the Female Mind and Body. Theommes Press, 1996.

      Stacey, Jackie. Teratologies: A Cultural Study of Cancer. Routledge, 1997.

      Walker, Anne E. The Menstrual Cycle. Routledge, 1997.

      Wilkinson, Sue and Celia Kitzinger, ed. Women and Health: Feminist Perspectives. Taylor and Francis, 1994.

      Nature & Animals

      Birke, Lynda. Feminism, Animals, and Science: The Naming of the Shrew. Open Univ. Press, 1994.

      Devine, Maureen. Woman and Nature: Literary Reconceptualizations. Scarecrow Press, 1992.

      Merchant, Carolyn. The Death of Nature: Women, Ecology and the Scientific Revolution. Harper San Francisco, 1990.

      Midgley, Mary. Animals and Why They Matter. University of Georgia Press, 1998.

      Plumwood, Val. Feminism and the Mastery of Nature. Routledge, 1993.

      Research Methodology

        [Note: Some of these titles were contributed by Stesha Day.]

      Abbott, Pamela and Claire Wallace. Introduction to Sociology: Feminist Perspectives. Routledge, 1996.

      Eichler, M. and Lapointe, J. On the Treatment of the Sexes in Research. 1985.

      Harding, Sandra, ed. Feminism and Methodology: Social Science Issues. Indiana Univ. Press, 1987.

      Herrmann, Anne C. and Abigail J. Stewart, ed. Theorizing Feminism: Parallel Trends in the Humanities and Social Sciences. Westview Press, 1994.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox and Wallerstein, et. al. Open the Social Sciences: Report of the Gulbenkian Commission on the Restructuring of the Social Sciences. Stanford University Press, 1996.

      Keller, Evelyn Fox. Reflection on Gender and Science. Yale University Press, 1985.

      Maynard, Mary and June Purvis, ed. Researching Women's Lives from a Feminist Perspective. Taylor and Francis, 1994.

      Myers, Kristen A., Cynthia D. Anderson, and Barbara J. Risman, ed. Feminist Foundations: Toward Transforming Sociology. Sage, 1998.

      Nebraska Sociological Feminist Collective. A Feminist Ethic for Social Science Research. Edwin Mellen Press, 1988.

      Nielsen, Joyce McCarl, ed. Feminist Research Methods: Exemplary Readings in the Social Sciences. 1990.

      Reinharz, Shulamit. Feminist Methods in Social Research. Oxford Univ. Press, 1992.

      Shrader-Frechette, Kristin. Ethics of Scientific Research. Rowmand and Littlefield, 1994.

      Stanley, Liz, ed. Feminist Praxis: Research, Theory, and Epistemology in Feminist Sociology. 1990.

      Zalk, Sue Rosenberg and Janice Gordon-Kelter, ed. Revolutions in Knowledge: Feminism in the Social Sciences. 1992.

      Social Life

      Millman, Marcia and Rosabeth Moss Kanter. Another Voice: Feminist Perspectives on Social Life and Social Science. 1975.

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