Manuel Delanda

Annotated Bibliography

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This page comprises an annotated bibliography of the work of philosopher Manuel DeLanda (1952-). DeLanda addresses a broad range of scientific and cultural concerns, and has written on topics as diverse as warfare, linguistics, economics, evolution, chaos theory, self-organizing matter, nonlinear dynamics, artificial life and intelligence, the internet and architecture, amongst many others. He draws especially on the work of the late French philosopher Gilles Deleuze, and many of his essays explicitly seek to demonstrate the utility of Deleuze's work for thinking about current scientific and philosophical problems. DeLanda is a professor of Graduate Architecture and Urban Design at Pratt Institute in New York.

Comments, corrections, additional texts and broken links can be reported to . Bibliography compiled by Tom Tyler.
Manuel DeLanda, 'Wittgenstein at the Movies'
presented at Cinema Histories, Cinema Practices I, University of Southern California, Monterey, California, May 1981
in Patricia Mellencamp & Phil Rosen (eds), Cinema Histories, Cinema Practices, American Film Institute Monograph Series Vol 4, Los Angeles CA: University Publications of America, 1984, pp. 108-19, ISBN 0313270031 (pbk)
Basing his analysis on Gilbert Ryle's account of dispositional verbs, DeLanda argues that a spectator attributes possible worlds and likely behaviours to a film's characters, and is hence actively involved in the plot. He goes on to compare and contrast the relative merits of Saussure's (semiotic) and Wittgenstein's (use) accounts of meaning for film theory, arguing that the latter is especially well suited to account for a spectator's labour in producing and inhabiting these possible
Scott MacDonald & Manuel DeLanda, 'Raw Nerves: An Interview with Manuel DeLanda'
interview by Scott MacDonald in Afterimage, Vol 13, No 6, January 1986, pp. 12-15
reprinted in Scott MacDonald, A Critical Cinema: Interviews with Independent Filmmakers, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988, pp334-352, ISBN 0-520-05801-1 (pbk)
Amongst biographical details, DeLanda discusses magic mushrooms, film noir, his 3D cityscape software, phone freaks, computers, AIDS, secret societies in Grand Central tunnels, Professor Momboozoo's performances, the Spring Street incident, and his short films Shit (1975), Song of a Bitch (1976), Saliva Dildo (1976), Itch Scratch Itch Cycle (1976), Incontinence (1978), Ismism (1979), Raw Nerves (1980), Harmful or Fatal if Swallowed (1982), Judgement Day (1983), Porking Jesus, Public Enema and My Dick. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Policing the Spectrum'
in Michel Feher & Sanford Kwinter (eds), Zone 1/2: City, New York: Urzone/Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986, pp. 177-87
DeLanda tracks the surveillance system's attempt to police the abstraction process. Baudrillard and others have reduced this varied process to the single vector of signification (simulacra), whereas its variety, and need for concrete instantiation, is vital. DeLanda discusses military crypotology, the covert mapping of Tibet, Enigma and the Turing machine, the NSA and CIA, early hacking, cellular automata, and the abstraction/extraction of bodily knowledge, and knowledge of the body, for the purposes of discipline, control and chemical weapons. Just as controllers improvise concrete policing methods for new abstract spaces, theorists must multiply levels of analysis (epistemological anarchism) in order to trace cracks and escape routes in the policing machine. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Virtual Environments as Intuition Synthesizers'
presented at The Third International Symposium on Electronic Art, Sydney, Australia , 09-13.11.92
in Cultural Diversity in the Global Village, TISEA Catalogue, Australian Network for Art and Technology, 1992
DeLanda examines various ways in which virtual environments can help us to synthesize fresh intuitions. He discusses emergent properties and their implications for reductionistic methods of analysis; population thinking and its use in combating essentialism; game theory and Axelrod's breakthrough in the prisoner's dilemma; and the implications of artificial intelligence for rationalism. This essay was revised and expanded as 'Virtual Environments and the Emergence of Synthetic Reason', 1993. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘DeLanda Destratified’
interview by Erik Davis in Mondo 2000, No 8, Winter 1992, pp. 44-48
DeLanda discusses self-organizing matter, nonlinear science, stratometers, stratification and destratification, Deleuze & Guattari and their disciples, tripping in Mexico, materialism over mysticism, cellular automata, liquidity as natural computing, progress vs increasingly complex layers (strata), the Himalayas as a ripple, flows over rocks, the ethics of destratified living, Nazis, Jim Morrison, Weathermen, the dangers of destratification. top
Manuel DeLanda, War in the Age of Intelligent Machines
New York: Zone, 1992, ISBN 0-942299-75-2 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Nonorganic Life’
in Jonathan Crary & Sanford Kwinter (eds), Zone 6: Incorporations, New York: Urzone, 1992, pp. 129-67, ISBN 0-942299-29-9 (pbk) (9.2mb, 7 pages missing: pp. 130, 131, 140, 141, 151, 158, 159)
Manuel DeLanda, Mark Pauline & Mark Dery, ‘Out of Control’
'trialogue' in Wired, #1.04, September/October 1993
The three briefly discuss DeLanda's notion of the machinic phylum and self-assembling machines, and Survival Research Laboratories' robot weaponry performances. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Virtual Environments and the Emergence of Synthetic Reason'
in Mark Dery (ed), Flame Wars: The Discourse of Cyberculture: South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol 92, No 4, Fall 1993, Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 793-815, ISBN 0-8223-1540-8 (pbk)
presented at Virtual Futures 94 Conference, Warwick University, UK, 08.05.94
reprinted in Joan Broadhurst Dixon and Eric J. Cassidy (eds), Virtual Futures: Cyberotics, Technology and Post-Human Pragmatism, London: Routledge, 1998, pp. 65-76, ISBN 0-415-13380-7 (pbk)
In this wide-ranging paper DeLanda argues that, in order to take full advantage of virtual environments as research tools, we must purge ourselves of various philosophical notions. Replacing ideal types with population thinking allows us to see evolutionarily stable systems as the result of selection pressures operating within a variable population. Similarly, we should not view these stable systems as closed and static, but open and dynamic, and thus capable of producing emergent properties. He contrasts synthetic, bottom-up, connectionist approaches, typical of Artificial Life, with the analytic, top-down approaches typical of early Artificial Intelligence, and examines Robert Axelrod's study of the evolution of co-operation. These themes are examined more briefly in 'Virtual Environments as Intuition Synthesizers', 1992. He closes by suggesting how virtual environments might also benefit research into economics and linguistics, themes developed more fully in A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History, 1997. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Manuel DeLanda on Speed’
interview in Blam! Interactive CD-ROM Magazine, 1993
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Homes: Meshwork or Hierarchy?’
presented at Doors of Perception 2 @ Home Conference, Netherlands Design Institute, Amsterdam, Holland, 05.11.94
in John Sellars (ed), Pli: The Warwick Journal of Philosophy, Volume 7: Nomadic Trajectories, Coventry: University of Warwick, 1998, ISBN 1-897646-03-8
Starting from the theme of 'home', and ranging over diverse academic fields, DeLanda draws on the literally analogous example of bird territories in order to argue that highly ordered structures (minds, languages, bird song, homes, cities) can arise without being (entirely) planned by a centred agency. As ever, the crucial importance of matter-energy flows, and of mixtures of meshwork and hierarchy, is emphasized. During the course of the essay DeLanda refers to the work of Lorenz & Tinbergen, Daniel Dennett, Deleuze & Guattari, Pattie Maes (competing symbolic and behavioural approaches to AI), James Gibson (affordances), Andy Clark, Richard Dawkins (memes) and Nelson & Winter (evolutionary economics). (The essay anticipates some material that DeLanda develops more fully in 'Immanence and Transcendence in the Genesis of Form', 1997) top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Embedded Intelligence and Processes of Self-Organization: The Case of Intelligent Vehicle/Highway Systems’
presented at the Ars Electronica 94: Intelligent Ambience Festival Symposium, Ars Electronica Center, Linz, Austria, 1994
Delanda discusses two attempts to use embedded computer intelligence for traffic control: artificial intelligence which takes a centralized, hierarchical, top-down, analytic approach, and artificial life which takes a decentralized, meshwork, bottom-up, synthetic approach. DeLanda argues that centralized control always operates within the constraints of a larger, self-organised system in which critical thresholds determine behaviour. He advocates communication between vehicles in order to create a mutually beneficial, decentralized 'swarm intelligence'. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Interview with Manuel DeLanda’
interview by Karlo Pirc, 1994
Includes a brief biography, plus discussion of top-down analysis and bottom-up synthesis, artificial (life) ecosystems, colony intelligence and flock behaviour, DeLanda's paper at Ars Electronica 94 , bottom-up economic simulations (and SimCity), chaos theory and the non-‘progressive’ study of society, socialism and anarchism, the need to liquefy (decentralize) society, consumer culture, meshworks of producers, Japanese zaibatsus (big corporations), the Internet and corporate take-over, Chomsky & Saussure’s top-down (structured) approaches to linguistics, memes and norms, the emergence of English, the idea of bottom-up linguistics. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘The Geology of Morals: A Neomaterialist Interpretation’
presented at Virtual Futures 95 Conference, Warwick University, UK, 26.05.95
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Metropolises and Virtual Environments’
presented at Interfacing Realities: Architecture & Media, V2_Organisation, Rotterdam, Holland, 13.08.95 (see abstract here)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Virtual Environments and the Concept of Synergy’
in Leonardo, Vol 28, No 5, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, October/November 1995, pp. 357-60
Manuel DeLanda, 'Uniformity and Variability: An Essay in the Philosophy of Matter'
presented at Doors of Perception 3: On Matter Conference, Netherlands Design Institute, Amsterdam, Holland, 07-11.11.95
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Historical and Political Issues in Human Interface Design’
presented at Berne Museum of Fine Arts, Berne, Switzerland, 1995
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Artificial Life and the Creative Potential of Evolution’
presented at the Institute for Contemporary Arts, London, UK, 1995
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Markets, Antimarkets and Network Economics’
presented at Virtual Futures 96 Conference, Warwick University, UK, 03.05.96
and at 5CYBERCONF Conference, Madrid, Spain, 06-09.06.96
in Found Object, Vol 8, City University of New York: Center for the Study of Culture, Technology and Work, p. 53 and_network_economies.txt (Part 1) (Part 2) delanda_manuel_markets_antimarkets_and_network_economies.htm
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Kicking Social-Constructivist Ass’
presented at Virtual Futures 96 Conference, Warwick University, UK, 03.05.96
Taking his cue from philosopher of science Larry Lauden, DeLanda enumerates six ways in which social-constructivism labours under the same assumptions as positivism, including linguistic reductionism, conventionalism, underdetermination, and the primacy of the algorithm and of cumulativity. He suggests various more productive, functional, procedural, heterogeneous, connectionist alternatives. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Interview’
interview by Konrad Becker and Miss M. at Virtual Futures 96 Conference, Warwick University, UK, May 1996
DeLanda discusses self-organising processes, markets and anti-markets, Adam Smith and the Invisible Hand, Braudel, contemporary command economies, the Internet, micro-payments, bandwidth, instant criticism, commodification, Marx, Lenin, materialism and neomaterialism, hurricanes, Ancient Greece and blacksmiths, Apple Macs, (virtual) money, the material base of virtuality, Gaia, geological philosophy and non-organic life. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Replicators and Interactors'
posting at the Ars Electronica 96 Memesis Symposium, 28.05.96
DeLanda argues that, in order to avoid mere metaphor, we must distinguish two kinds of non-genetic replicator: those based on imitation (memes) and those based on obligatory repetition (norms). We must also attend to interactors, the cultural 'enzymes' which act as catalysts intervening in reality. This post complements comments made in Homes: Meshwork or Hierarchy? top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Sensibilidad Española al Internet'
interview by Vibeke Kløvstad & Hans Christian Arnseth, Morgenbladet, 30.08.96 (in Spanish)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Markets and Anti-markets'
presented at MetaForum III/Under Construction/Budapest Content Festival, Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts, Hungary, 13.10.96 (Part 1) (Part 2) (Part 3) (Part 4)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Computers and the War Machine’
presented at NetAccess Conference, Vienna, Austria, 1996
Manuel DeLanda, 'Markets and Anti-markets in the World Economy'
in Stanley Aronowitz, Barbara Martinsons and Michael Mensen, Technoscience and Cyberculture, London: Routledge, 1996, ISBN 0-415-91175-3 (pbk)
and in Found Object, Vol 5, City University of New York: Center for the Study of Culture, Technology and Work, p. 29
Manuel DeLanda, 'Interview'
part of Grahame Weinbren & James Cathcart's installation March, first exhibited at Art in the Anchorage, Brooklyn Bridge, New York, USA, 04.06.97-03.08.97
Manuel DeLanda, 'Intelligent Computer Interfaces'
presented at 6Cyberconf Conference, University of Oslo, Norway, 05-06.06.97
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Immanence & Transcendence in the Genesis of Form’
in Ian Buchanan (ed), A Deleuzian Century?: South Atlantic Quarterly, Vol 96, No 3, Summer 1997, Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 499-514, ISBN 0-8223-6451-4; reprinted 1999, ISBN 0-8223-2392-3 (pbk)
Using examples from geology, biology and sociology, DeLanda examines Deleuze and Guattari’s claim that form and structure are immanent to matter.  He explains how the same ‘abstract machine’ (diagram) can apply literally to such different domains.  He examines in detail abstract machines for two key sorts of self-generating structure: strata and meshworks.  During the course of the essay, DeLanda provides effective illustrations of key Deleuzian terms such as state space, phase space, singularity, strata, tree, self-consistent aggregate, rhizome, abstract machine, double articulation, content, territorialization, expression, coding, machinic, stratification, body-without-organs, plane of consistency and intensity.  The essay duplicates material from 'The Geology of Morals: a Neo-Materialist Interpretation', 1995. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Interview with Manuel DeLanda'
interview by Brett Stalbaum et al in SWITCH, Vol 3, No 3, Winter 1997, San José State University
DeLanda discusses his increasing interest in theoretical rather than artistic questions, the future role of the artist, the relation of artist to Internet, the artist's relation to strata, low-dimensional deterministic chaos, the current bifurcation in the historical process that is globalization, Napoleon as a catalyst for a new war machine, and the three different non-anthropocentric perspectives he adopts in A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History, 1997. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Deleuze and the Genesis of Form'
presented at Concordia University, Montreal, Canada, 1997
published in Art Orbit, No 1, Stockholm: Art Node, March 1998 (Real Audio, 41 mins) (offline)
Drawing on 'Difference & Repetition' and 'One Thousand Plateaus', and on examples from thermodynamics and chemistry, DeLanda explains Deleuze's theory of matter and immanent form. During the course of the essay he provides clear explanations and illustrations of key Deleuzian terms such as divergent actualization, possible and real, virtual and actual, state space and phase space, singularity, abstract machine and virtual diagram. (The essay duplicates material discussed in 'Immanence & Transcendence in the Genesis of Form', 1997.)  top
Manuel DeLanda, A Thousand Years of Nonlinear History
New York: Zone Books/Swerve Editions, 1997, ISBN 0-942299-32-9 (pbk)
In DeLanda's second book he draws on the insights of thermodynamics and evolutionary biology to provide a philosophically informed nonequilibrium and nonlinear historical account of human social processes over the last thousand years. The three chapters of the book deal with geological history (urban economics, technologies and institutions), biological history (germs, weeds, plants, animals and food in city 'ecosystems') and linguistic history (the evolution and stratification of the 'sonic matter' of dialects, creoles, pidgins and official languages). Each chapter includes a short, philosophical interlude. top
Manuel DeLanda, Netzwerke (Meshrooms)
Wabern: Benteli Verlag, 1997, ISBN 3716510092 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Interview with Manuel DeLanda'
interview by Pablo Lazo Elizondo, La Jornada Semanal, 21.06.98 (in Spanish)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Deleuze and the Open-ended Becoming of the World'
presented at Chaos/Control: Complexity Conference, University of Bielefeld, Germany, 27.06.98
and at Stockholm University, Sweden,1998
Manuel DeLanda, 'Markets, Antimarkets, and the Internet'
presented at DEAF/Autonomedia, Brooklyn, USA, November 1998 Lists-Archives/ nettime-l-9809/msg00087.html
This essay is an edited version of 'Markets, Antimarkets and Network Economics', 1996. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Economics, Computers and the War Machine’
presented at the Ars Electronica 98: Infowar Festival Symposium, Ars Electronica Center, Linz, Austria, 1998
in Gerfried Stocker & Christine Schopf (eds), Infowar: Ars Electronica 98, Proceedings of the Ars Electronica Conference on Information Warfare, Vienna & New York: Springer, 1998
reprinted in Timothy Druckrey (ed), Ars Electronica: Facing the Future, Cambridge, MA & London: MIT Press, ISBN 0-262-04176-6 (pbk), 1999, pp. 319-25 (free log-in required)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Singularities, Mathematical Models and Military Theory'
presented at the School for Advanced Military Studies, Fort Levenworth, Kansas, USA,1998 NETSYMPOSIUM/ARCH-EN/msg00183.html
Manuel DeLanda, 'History without Essentialism and Teleology'
presented at the Institute for Contemporary Arts, London, 1998 (unpublished)
and at Glasgow University, UK, 1998
Manuel DeLanda, 'The Machinic Phylum'
in Joke Brower & Carla Hoekendikj (eds), Technomorphica, Rotterdam: V2_Publishing, 1998 (in Dutch)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Meshworks, Hierarchies and Interfaces’
in John Beckman (ed), The Virtual Dimension: Architecture, Representation, and Crash Culture, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1998, ISBN 1-56898-120-1 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda & Peter Lamborn Wilson , 'Cities and Theories of Self Organization'
presented at Shaping Conflicts: Inhabiting Urbanized Space, Redefining Quality of Life, City University of New York, New York, USA, 15.04.99
Manuel DeLanda, 'Does Convergence Imply Homogenization?'
presented at European Media Master Forum 1999, Merz Academy, Stuttgart, Germany, 21.04.99 (Real Video, 45 mins) (offline) (abstract) (offline)
Suggesting that we can better understand contemporary global network technologies if we look to the past (and Foucault), DeLanda first draws a distinction between knowledge which is explicit (representational, routinized, homogenizing) and that which is implicit (bodily, flexible, heterogeneous). Using examples from linguistics (local dialects and official languages), economics (economies of agglomeration and scale, Silicon Valley, Emilia-Romagna) and computers (Internet protocols and standards) he suggests that we must recognize a distinction between unification (the result of the convergence of heterogeneities), and 'militaristic' uniformization (the result of homogenizing discipline). top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Urban Dynamics in Western History’
presented at Multiplicity Lecture Series on Contemporary City Life, Triennale di Milano Gallery, Milan, Italy, 1999
Manuel DeLanda, ‘The Role of Cities in the New Philosophy of History’
presented at the UNESCO Conference on Urban Economics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1999
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Markets, Antimarkets and the Fate of the Nutrient Cycles’
presented at Ars Electronica 99: LifeScience Festival Symposium, Ars Electronica Center, Linz, Austria, 1999
in Gerfried Stocker & Christine Schopf (eds), LifeScience: Ars Electronica 99, Proceedings of the Ars Electronica Conference on BioTechnology, Vienna & New York: Springer, 1999, ISBN 3-211-83368-4 (pbk) (free log-in required)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Deleuze, Diagrams and the Open-Ended Becoming of the World'
in Elizabeth Grosz (ed), Becomings: Explorations in Time, Memory and Futures, New York: Cornel University Press, 1999, ISBN 0801485908 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, 'The Nonlinear Development of Cities'
in Amerigo Marras (ed), Eco-Tec: the Architecture of the In-Between, New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1999, ISBN 1568981597 (pbk)
and in Like Bijlsma et al (eds), Network Urbanism, OASE Review of Architecture #53, Holland: Uitgeverij Sun, ISBN 9061685591
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Extensive Borderlines and Intensive Borderlines’
in Lebbeus Woods & Ekkehard Rehfeld (eds), Borderline, Vienna & New York: Springer, 1999, ISBN 3-211-83081-2 (pbk)
reprinted in Teddy Cruz & Anne Boddington (eds), Architecture of the Borderlands, New York: Wiley, 1999, ISBN 0-471-99769-2 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, 'An Interview with Manuel DeLanda'
interview by Art210 in SWITCH, Vol 5, No 1, 1999, San José State University
Manuel DeLanda, ‘ILLogical Progression’
interview by Dj Spooky, c1999
DeLanda discusses his historical methodology, emphasizing his desire to move away from the relativist, interpretative approach, which focuses on 'frameworks' and 'ideologies', and to concentrate instead on the heterogeneity of material and energetic processes; his preference for bottom-up and morphogenetic rather than essentialist or totalising accounts of entities; and the need to move away from the inflated importance attributed to semiotics and linguistics. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Can Theories of Self-Organization Help Us Understand Human History?'
University of Southern California, Center for International Studies Working Paper #00-08, 1999/2000
and in Stefan Iglhaut, Martin Roth & Peter Weibel (eds), Hyperorganismen, Hannover: Internationalismus Verlag, 2000
Manuel DeLanda, (presentation)
presented at The Deleuzian Age symposium, California College of Arts & Crafts, San Francisco, 22.09.00
Manuel DeLanda, 'A New Ontology for the Social Sciences'
presented at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, 2000
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Panspectron’
in Joy Garnett, Rocket Science, exhibition catalogue, 12.04.01-19.05.01, ISBN 1929032072
This tiny essay considers a range of military surveillance techniques (spy planes, satellites, x-rays, radiowaves, infrared, multispectral scanning, night vision), and suggests that, with their increasing use on civilians during peace time, we are moving from the old Panopticon to a wider Panspectron. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Democracy, Economics and the Military’
presented at Democracy Unrealized, Vienna, 20.04.01
rtsp:// (Real Video, 62 mins) (offline) (Google Video, 62 mins)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Architecture’
presented at Between Bladerunner and Mickey Mouse: New Architecture in Los Angeles Exhibition, Madrid, Spain, 04-22.04.01
and at Designing for a Digital World RIBA E-Futures Conference, London, UK, 04.06.01
and at Immanent Choreographies: Deleuze & Neo-Aesthetics Conference, Tate Modern, UK, 22.09.01
and at The Institute for Information & Media Studies, University of Aarhus, Denmark, 24.09.01
and at The School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Wisconsin, USA, 12.10.01
and at Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania, USA, 15.11.01
and at Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of Michigan, USA, 15.02.02
in Neil Leach (ed), Designing for a Digital World, New York: Wiley, 2002, ISBN 0-470-84419-1 (pbk)
and in Ali Rahim (ed), Contemporary Techniques in Architecture, New York: Wiley, 2002, ISBN 0-470-84320-9 (pbk) (50 mins) (offline)
After asserting his realist conviction in the self-creativity of matter, DeLanda concerns himself with breeding (evolving) novel virtual buildings (rather than designing them). There are three potential problems for the architect, with three corresponding contributions from Deleuze. The first concerns replicators, and the benefits of population thinking about reproductive communities. The second concerns the need for load bearing structures, and the benefits of intensive thinking about productive differences. The third concerns the rich surge space necessary for genuinely novel buildings, and the benefits of non-Eudlidean thinking about abstract diagrams, topologies and multiplicities. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘The Politics of Software: The Case for Open Source’
in Dissent Magazine, New York: Foundation for the Study of Independent Social Ideas, Fall 2001
Manuel DeLanda, ‘(unknown)’
in The Future of Cinema: Immersive and Interactive: (dis)LOCATIONS, December 2001, ZKM Digital Arts series, DVD-Rom plus booklet, Ostfildern: Hatje Cantz Publishers, ISBN 3775710876
Manuel DeLanda, 'Open-Source: A Movement in Search of a Philosophy'
presented at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey, 2001
After briefly defining key terms (hacker, cracker, source code, compiler, application program, production tool, operating system) DeLanda sets out to examine the philosophical import of the open-source movement. Rejecting attempts by Richard Stallman and Eric Raymond to explain the momement in terms of moral principles or 'pride of craftsmanship', Delanda instead draws on transaction cost economics in order to examine the movement's General Public License (GPL) and leadership system. He concludes that of greatest significance have been the unintended pragmatic consequences of this collective and evolutionary movement, rather than any explicitly stated intentions on the part of its main protagonists. top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Material Complexity’
presentation at Digital Tectonics, University of Bath, UK, 02.03.02
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Deleuze and the Line of Flight’
presented at Flight Time: Moment and Momentum in the New Millennium Conference, University of Minnesota, USA, 23.03.02
Manuel DeLanda, ‘A New Ontology for the Social Sciences’
presented at New Ontologies: Transdisciplinary Objects, University of Illinois, USA, 30.03.02
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Deleuzian Ontology: A Sketch’
presented at New Ontologies: Transdisciplinary Objects, University of Illinois, USA, 30.03.02
Manuel DeLanda, ‘(unknown)’
presented at Buffalo State Technology Fair, Buffalo State University of New York, USA, 03.04.02
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Policing Intellectual Property’
presented at Sob Vigilância (Under Surveillance), Oeiras Municipal Library, Portugal, 28.09.02 (Google Video, 18 minutes)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Philosophies of Design: The Case of Modelling Software’
in Jaime Salazar, Albert Ferré, Manuel Gausa, Ramon Prat, Tomoko Sakamoto & Anna Tetas (eds), Verb Architecture Boogazine: Authorship and Information, No 1, Madrid: Actar Press, March 2002, ISBN 84-95273-55-1 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, Intensive Science and Virtual Philosophy
London & New York: Continuum, 2002, ISBN 0-8264-5623-5 (pbk)
In DeLanda's third book he reconstructs Deleuze's realist ontology, focusing principally on Difference and Repetition and Logic of Sense. DeLanda examines Deleuze's account of the virtual structure of the dynamic, intensive processes immanent to matter and energy. Ideas and examples are drawn from differential geometry, group theory, dynamical systems theory, evolutionary theory, embryology and other areas. (A useful outline of the structure of this text, drawn up by John Protevi, can be found at: top
Manuel DeLanda, ‘A New Ontology for the Physical Sciences’
presented at Philosophy As..., University of London, UK, 30.12.02
Manuel DeLanda, 'Foucault and the Archive'
presented at Information is Alive, Dutch Electronic Art Festival (DEAF) 2003: Data Knitting, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam, 28.02.03-01.03.03
in Joke Brouwer & Arjen Mulder (eds), Information is Alive: Art and Theory on Archiving and Retrieving Data, Rotterdam: NAI Publishers/V2_Publishing, 2003, ISBN 90-5662-310-9 (Real Video, c57 mins, from 00:22 to 01:19) (offline)
DeLanda discusses two sorts of archive, both of which are employed in the production of identity: the social and the non-human. Of the former, he distinguishes those used to legitimate traditions (eg the Vatican archive) and those used to control individuals (eg police or hospital records). Of the latter, he provides the examples of DNA (which maintains the genetic identity of a species) and of topological or virtual forms (a reservoir of 'deeper order' forms). In passing he mentions online identity switching and theft, Klingons and cosmetic gene manipulation, chimpanzees, convergent evolution, et al. top
Manuel DeLanda, '1000 Years of War'
interview by Evan Selinger et al for, 01.05.03
DeLanda discusses biotechnology & intellectual property rights, decentralized military decision-making, intelligent weaponry & 'honourable' tactics, self-organizing markets, methods of behaviour modelling, Latour's critique of ideology, normative positions and ethics in his realist philosophy, processes of individuation, reference & metaphor in science, the limitations of anthropocentric ontology, Humean causality, Andrew Pickering vs Ian Hacking, scales of time, Bruno Latour & Stephen Wolfram, black boxes, universal warehouses & the internet, phenomenology & soap bubbles, Freud, Deleuze & Guattari's implicit Marxism, Braudel on markets & production, social constructivism & positivism, and his selective reading of Deleuze. top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Nature Space Society'
presented as the first Nature Space Society lecture at the Tate Modern, London, 05.03.04 (148 mins)
DeLanda argues for a Deleuzian philosophy of nature. In the first half he rejects a sharp distinction between culture and nature. He demonstrates instead the direct interaction between the biological and social, citing examples from William McNeill's Plagues and Peoples, and Alfred Crosby's Ecological Imperialism. We must dismiss social-constructivism's obsession with language and cultural representation. In the second half, DeLanda argues that, in order to avoid this provincial anthropocentrism, we must be realists, but not essentialists. We must historicize nature, and replace ideas about 'laws of nature' with Deleuze's singularities (special, topological points) and affects (the capacity to affect and be affected).top
Manuel DeLanda, 'Deleuze and the Use of the Genetic Algorithm in Art'
presented at the Art & Technology Lectures, Columbia University, New York, 08.04.04 (Real Video, 84 mins)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Engaging the City'
presented at Engaging the City, Accompanied Library, National Arts Club, New York, 27.04.05
Manuel DeLanda, 'Intensive Science'
presented at Experimenting with Intensities: Science, Philosophy, Politics, Arts, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada, 12.05.04
Michael Cristophersen and Manuel DeLanda, 'Hackerfilosoffen Manuel DeLanda'
Danish Broadcasting Corporation (DR), 22-23.05.2004 (in Danish and English) (audio, 15 mins) (offline)
DeLanda explains his approach as a 'hacker-philosopher': unlike career academics who are required to specialise, he is able to research different disciplines and thereby to create connections between fields. He also discusses the concept of open source, the internet, the General Public License (GPL), Microsoft and
Manuel DeLanda, 'Feelings Are Always Local'
moderator at Feelings Are Always Local Symposium, Dutch Electronic Art Festival (DEAF) 2004: Affective Turbulence, Van Nelle Ontwerpfabriek, Rotterdam, 12-13.11.04 (day 1 morning, 153 mins) (offline) (day 2 morning, 157 mins) (offline)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Materiality: Anexact and Intense'
in Lars Spuybroek (ed), NOX: Machining Architecture, London: Thames & Hudson, 2004, pp. 370-77, ISBN 0500285195 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, '(unknown)'
in Foreign Office Architects, Phylogenesis: FOA's Ark, Madrid: Actar Press, 2004, ISBN 978-8495951472 (hbk)
Manuel DeLanda, 'Beyond the Problematic of Legitimacy: Military Influences on Civilian Society'
in Boundary 2, Vol 32, No 1, Spring 2005, pp. 117-128
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Building with Bone and Muscle’
in Domus, No 884, September 2005, pp. 208-09
Manuel De Landa, 'The Origins of Artificial Intelligence'
presented at Penn Humanities Forum, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, 07.11.07 (63 mins)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘One Dimension Lower’
in Domus, No 886, November 2005, pp. 136-37
Manuel DeLanda, 'Space: Extensive and Intensive, Actual and Virtual'
in Ian Buchanan and Gregg Lambert (eds), Deleuze and Space, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2005, pp. 80-88, ISBN: 978-0-7486-1892-7 (hbk)
Manuel DeLanda, John Protevi & Torkild Thanem, 'Deleuzian Interrogations: A Conversation with Manuel DeLanda, John Protevi & Torkild Thanem'
Tamara, 2005 (unpublished)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘The Importance of Imperfections’
in Domus, No 888, January 2006, pp. 136-37
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Events Producing Events’
in Domus, No 889, February 2006, pp. 100-01
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Evolvable Materials’
in Domus, No 890, March 2006, pp. 164-65
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Extensive and Intensive’
in Domus, No 892, May 2006, pp. 152-53
Manuel DeLanda, 'The Philosophy of Giles Deleuze'
presented at European Graduate School, Saas-Fee, Switzerland, 03.06.06 (YouTube, 75 mins)
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Material Expressivity’
in Domus, No 893, June 2006, pp. 122-23
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Smart Materials’
in Domus, No 894, July 2006, pp. 122-23
Manuel DeLanda, 'Deleuze and Neo-Materialist Philosophy'
presented at the Society for European Philosophy and Forum for European Philosophy Joint Conference, University of Dundee, Scotland, 08-10.09.06
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Crucial Eccentricities’
in Domus, No 895, September 2006, pp. 262-63
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Matter Singing in Unison’
in Domus, No 896, October 2006, pp. 286-87
Manuel DeLanda, ‘High Intensity Environments’
in Domus, No 897, November 2006, pp. 148-49
Manuel DeLanda, A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity
London & New York: Continuum, 2006, ISBN: 0826491693 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, Real Virtuality: Meshworks and Hierarchies in the Digital Domain
Rotterdam: Netherlands Architecture Institute, 2006, ISBN 90-5662-510-1
A collection of previously published and revised essays on self-organising matter and embedded intelligence, computers and
Manuel DeLanda, ‘The Foam and the Sponge’
in Domus, No 899, January 2007, pp. 140-41
Manuel DeLanda, ‘Opportunities and Risks’
in Domus, No 901, March 2007, pp. 192-93
Manuel DeLanda, 'The Philosophy of Giles Deleuze'
presented at European Graduate School, Saas-Fee, Switzerland, 10.06.07 (YouTube, 48 mins)
Manuel DeLanda, '(unknown)'
presented at Tourism XXL: The European Megalopolis, International Symposium, Center of Contemporary Culture of Barcelona, Barcelona, 21.07.07
Manuel Delanda, '(unknown)'
Unknown. 2007? (Google Video, 58 minutes)
Manuel Delanda, '(unknown)'
Unknown. 2007? (Google Video, 3 minutes),com_seyret/Itemid,87/task,videodirectlink/id,68/ (3 minutes)
Delanda briefly discusses his "new book" (Philosophy, Emergence and Simulation), insect intelligence, and animal phenomenology as a counter to provincial anthropocentrism. Excerpt from a panel
Manuel DeLanda, 'Materialism, Experience and Philosophy'
presented at European Graduate School, Saas-Fee, Switzerland, 2008 (YouTube, 109 mins)
Manuel DeLanda, 'The Virtual Breeding of Sound'
in Paul D. Miller aka Dj Spooky that Subliminal Kid (ed), Sound Unbound: Sampling Digital Music and Culture, Cambridge, MA: MIT, 2008, pp. 219-226, ISBN-13: 978-0-262-63363-5 (pbk)

Manuel DeLanda, Deleuze: History and Science
New York: Atropos, 2010, ISBN 978-0982706718 (pbk)
Manuel DeLanda, Philosophy and Simulation: The Emergence of Synthetic Reason
London & New York: Continuum, 2011, ISBN 978-1-4411-7028-6 (hbk)

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